Sludge Thickeners Articles

  • Case study - Sludge digestion/thickening optimizes treatment

    Overview: Big Park Domestic Wastewater Improvements District in Arizona had constructed a new 500,000 gallons per day biological wastewater treatment system in 1997. As time passed, the aging plant was unable to keep up with increasing demands. Challenge: In 2012, the District started working with Sunrise ...

  • Biofiltration WWTP 50.000 PE

    The aerated upflow biological filtration (biofiltration) is a technology which is today successfully used in more than 500 European wastewater treatment plants. Among this, the one of Sallek Valley, in Slovenia, differs by a two stage biofiltration and a part-recirculation of sludge from thickener to increase the COD concentration needed for denitrification. This process allows an advanced ...


    By AquaBiotec

  • A parametric study of alum recovery from water treatment sludge

    Alum recovery from water treatment sludge is a promising technique applied to decrease usage of fresh coagulants in the water treatment industry. In addition, alum recovery reduces sludge volume for easy handling. The undertaken work investigated the parametric conditions for alum recovery procedure by acidification. The results show that alum recovery reaches up to 69.03%, and the reduction ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Mine backfill

    Mine backfill is defined as the material used to fill the cavities (i.e., stopes) created by underground mining. Backfilling can be a means to dispose of sludge and/ or tailings which may contain hazardous materials and to reduce surface environmental impacts by storing tailings underground. Alternately, backfilling with nonhazardous materials can allow for mining productivity improvements. To ...


    By WesTech Engineering, Inc.

  • Tailings paste disposal – more than water recovery

    The minerals industry has faced increasing pressures in recent years in the management of tailings streams. Environmental, economic and other factors have led many minerals producers to explore the technology of making and using “paste.” With the increasing number of installations worldwide, this technology has proved to not only be industry accepted, but economically advantageous. ...


    By WesTech Engineering, Inc.

  • Paste thickener bed level measurement

    Numerous studies and papers have been devoted to the subject of thickener design and operation to achieve specified throughput and discharge densities. Mathematical models have been developed that present methods for sizing thickeners and predicting performance under varying process conditions. The compression effect of deeper beds on dewatering performance is a recognized phenomenon. This is one ...


    By WesTech Engineering, Inc.

  • WWTP Sludge reduction case study

    Introduction The City of Spring Valley, IL was seeking bioaugmentation to reduce the economic burden of sludge dredging and disposal and to evaluate the possibility of restoring the microbiological activity in the lagoon. The lagoon was flooded several times from the near-by Illinois River, which created different strata of inorganic silt/organic sludge and densely packed sludge at the ...

  • Sludge reduction performance focus: Lagoon sludge case study

    In-Pipe Technology Pipe Technology® Company, Inc., Company, Inc., Company, Inc., is an effective, environmentally is an effective, environmentally is an effective, environmentally-friendly, and fiscally friendly, and fiscally responsible method to reduce accumulated lagoon solids. By reducing accumulated sludge volumes by 40% to 85%, In- volumes by 40% to 85%, In-Pipe Technology has helped ...

  • The investigation of the sludge reduction efficiency and mechanisms in oxic–settling–anaerobic (OSA) process

    This paper aims to provide a full understanding of the sludge reduction mechanisms in the oxic–settling–anaerobic (OSA) process and presents an evaluation of the sludge reduction efficiencies and sludge characteristics in this process compared to the conventional activated sludge process. Fifty-eight percent reduction in observed yield in the OSA process was achieved compared to the control ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • UAE’s MISP center accelerates pre-commercial tech development

    Almost three years after launching the Middle East’s first CSP plant, Masdar joined with Masdar Institute to launch late last year the region’s first CSP research and demonstration centre. Masdar Institute Solar Platform (MISP) builds around a set of unique facilities including a 100kW beam-down concentrating tower and its solar field, a hot-oil loop and thermal energy system (TES), ...


    By FCBI Energy

  • Solid thickening and methane production of livestock wastewater using dissolved carbon dioxide flotation

    Dilute manure is classified as wastewater due to the large quantity of water used in livestock production in Korea. Livestock wastewater treatment is required in order to reduce high moisture content and treat fluids discharged from the digestion process. In livestock wastewater treatment plants, large quantities of CO2 gas are produced at combined heat and power facilities as well as in the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Improving the efficiency of Monte Carlo Bayesian calibration of hydrologic models via model pre-emption

    Bayesian inference via Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) sampling and sequential Monte Carlo (SMC) sampling are popular methods for uncertainty analysis in hydrological modelling. However, application of these methodologies can incur significant computational costs. This study investigated using model pre-emption for improving the computational efficiency of MCMC and SMC samplers in the context of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Application of forward osmosis (FO) under ultrasonication on sludge thickening of waste activated sludge

    Forward osmosis (FO) is an emerging process for dewatering solid–liquid stream which has the potential to be innovative and sustainable. However, the applications have still been hindered by low water flux and membrane fouling when activated sludge is used as the feed solution due to bound water from microbial cells. Hence, a novel strategy was designed to increase sludge thickening and reduce ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Our Daily Chance to Get Safety Right: The Pre-Task Tailgate

    My wife and I are headed to the Caribbean for some fun in the sun that will include our shared passion for scuba diving. As I grabbed my dive gear from the closet for an inspection the other day, I thumbed through my dive log and was immediately reminded of a trip that could've ended badly for me. Because of a safety briefing gone bad. A few years ago I was on a trip to Cozumel, an area renowned ...

  • Performance comparison between two equal stabilization ponds operating with and without sludge layer

    Stabilization ponds are a highly appropriate system for treating sewage in small to medium size communities. However, sludge accumulation at the pond bottom occurs with the passage of time, reducing the net pond volume, which, in principle, could affect its performance. The objective of this paper is to compare the behaviour of two equal ponds in parallel treating the same flow of municipal ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A simple empirical model for the clarification-thickening process in wastewater treatment plants

    In wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs), activated sludge is thickened in secondary settling tanks and recycled into the biological reactor to maintain enough biomass for wastewater treatment. Accurately estimating the activated sludge concentration in the lower portion of the secondary clarifiers is of great importance for evaluating and controlling the sludge recycled ratio, ensuring smooth and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Rotary batch blenders help DIP get pre-mixes to market fast

    Mixers are more efficient than double-cone units Ductil Iron Powder (DIP), Buzau, Romania, was established in 2000 as a spin-off of Ductil Steel. Its products are iron and alloyed powders for use in powder metallurgy and welding applications. The plant for making the iron powders began operation in 1995, and by 2000 it reached its current capacity ...

  • Municipal Innbygda, Norway case study

    Project Name: Innbygda WWTP Location: Trysil, Norway Type of Plant: Municipal Technology Used: CFAS + DAF Separation (chemical precipitation of P) Operational Since: November 2010 The Challenge the municipality of trysil is home to the largest ski resort in scandanavia. due to ...


    By Biowater Technology

  • Biomass properties and permeability in an immersed hollow fibre membrane bioreactor at high sludge concentrations

    This study aimed to investigate the influence of biomass properties and high mixed liquor suspended solids (MLSS) concentrations on membrane permeability in a pilot-scale hollow fibre membrane bioreactor treating domestic wastewater. Auxiliary molasses solution was added to maintain system operation at constant food-to-microorganisms ratio (F/M = 0.13). Various physicochemical and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effects of oxidation reduction potential in the bypass micro-aerobic sludge zone on sludge reduction for a modified oxic–settling–anaerobic process

    Batch experiments were conducted to determine the effect of oxidation reduction potential (ORP) on sludge reduction in a bypass micro-aerobic sludge reduction system. The system was composed of a modified oxic–settling–anaerobic process with a sludge holding tank in the sludge recycle loop. The ORPs in the micro-aerobic tanks were set at approximately +350, −90, ...


    By IWA Publishing

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