Stormwater Runoff Articles

  • Climate resilience strategies of Beijing and Copenhagen and their links to sustainability

    Like numerous other cities, Beijing and Copenhagen are experiencing more frequent urban flooding due to increased impervious cover and climate change. Consequently, huge investments are foreseen to maintain resilience. Analyses of planning documents and interviews with key stakeholders reveal that in their climate resilience strategies both cities do employ alternative approaches based on ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The influence of particle size on the first flush strength of urban stormwater runoff

    The presence of a first flush (FF) of suspended solids (SS) in stormwater runoff has important implications for the design of treatment facilities, as does the particle size of solids. Whilst numerous studies have examined the FF behaviour of SS, few have disaggregated FF trends by particle size. In this study, the FF behaviour of SS was investigated in five size ranges, sampled from an urban ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Characterising urban zinc generation to identify surface pollutant hotspots in a low intensity rainfall climate

    Characterising stormwater runoff quality provides useful insights into the dynamics of pollutant generation and wash off rates. These can be used to prioritise stormwater management strategies. This study examined the effects of a low intensity rainfall climate on zinc contributions from different impermeable urban surface types. First flush (FF) and steady state samples were collected from ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Reuse turns stormwater runoff from a problem to an asset

    With so much concern about water scarcity around the world, it seems a no-brainer that rain is a good thing. But nothing’s perfect. Even something as beneficial as precipitation can have its downsides. One problem, of course, is flooding. Another problem you may not have thought of comes with stormwater runoff in urban settings. What’s the problem? In cities, buildings and pavement ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Taking advantage of stormwater, a plentiful, free resource

    As the saying goes, when it rains, it pours. Rain and snow and other types of precipitation are a resource more organizations would be wise to take advantage of as water scarcity increases around the globe. Stormwater, precipitation that isn’t absorbed into the ground, is a freely available resource, but is there enough of it to make a difference? The amount of runoff varies from storm ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • What is stormwater?

    Stormwater runoff, water that isn’t absorbed into the ground after a weather event, is a potential water source that cities across the world have struggled with for decades. Why is coping with it such a challenge? Whether the precipitation is water or ice, its addition to the environment can be a problem, especially when a lot of it falls in a short amount of time. When this occurs in ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Erosion Protection of Steep Cut Slopes - Case Study

    In May of 1995, 70,000 sf of large-cell (GW40V) GEOWEB® slope protection system was utilized on Phase II of the Cyprus Miami Open-Pit Mine to stabilize the cut slopes upon completion of copper extraction at the site. Aggregate available on site was used to infill the GEOWEB 3D structure and provide erosion resistance and slope-surface stability on slopes with 70-ft. slope lengths, and as ...


    By Presto Geosystems

  • Micro-zooplankton grazing as a means of fecal bacteria removal in stormwater BMPs

    A priority for environmental managers is control of stormwater runoff pollution, especially fecal microbial pollution. This research was designed to determine if fecal bacterial grazing by micro-zooplankton is a significant control on fecal bacteria in aquatic best management practices (BMPs); if grazing differs between a wet detention pond and a constructed wetland; and if environmental ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Modelling and optimization of land use/land cover change in a developing urban catchment

    The impacts of land use/cover change (LUCC) on hydrological processes and water resources are mainly reflected in changes in runoff and pollutant variations. Low impact development (LID) technology is utilized as an effective strategy to control urban stormwater runoff and pollution in the urban catchment. In this study, the impact of LUCC on runoff and pollutants in an urbanizing catchment of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Potential use of ionic species for identifying source land-uses of stormwater runoff

    Identifying critical land-uses or source areas is important to prioritize resources for cost-effective stormwater management. This study investigated the use of information on ionic composition as a fingerprint to identify the source land-use of stormwater runoff. We used 12 ionic species in stormwater runoff monitored for a total of 20 storm events at five sites with different land-use ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Funding Time Is Running Out. We Can Help Make The Most Of Your Spending.

    The Clean Water and Wastewater Fund (CWWF) is a federal program designed to support the rehabilitation and modernization of drinking water, wastewater and stormwater infrastructure. Through the CWWF, $569.5 million is being provided through federal infrastructure funding. The Province of Ontario is cost-matching contributions up to a maximum of 25% of total eligible costs. ...


    By Pure Technologies

  • Discussion about initial runoff and volume capture ratio of annual rainfall

    In recent years, runoff pollution from urban areas has become a major concern all over the world. But there exists a worldwide confusion about how much stormwater should be captured for the purpose of runoff pollution control. Furthermore, the construction cost and pollution control efficiency are closely linked with the size of stormwater facilities, which is then related to the first flush ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Soil Retention at Village of Moreland Hills, Ohio - Case Study

    PROJECT SCOPE: The village of Moreland Hills, Ohio faced a challenge to re-tain soils in a problematic soft soil area. But, piling systems were expensive and a concrete solution in the natural environment was undesirable. Presto GEOWEB® earth retention system’s inherent qualities include its flexibility, ability to withstand reasonable differential settlement in soft soil environ-ments, ...


    By Presto Geosystems

  • Bioswales reduce contaminants associated with toxicity in urban stormwater

    Contamination and toxicity associated with urban stormwater runoff are a growing concern because of the potential for receiving system impacts. California water regulators are mandating implementation of green infrastructure as part of new urban development projects to treat stormwater and increase infiltration. Parking lot bioswales are low impact development practices that promote filtering ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Adsorption kinetics and equilibrium study of nitrogen species onto radiata pine (Pinus radiata) sawdust

    Nitrogen species (NH3-N, NO3-N, and NO2-N) are found as one of the major dissolved constituents in wastewater or stormwater runoff. In this research, laboratory experiments were conducted to remove these pollutants from the water environment using radiata pine (Pinus radiata) sawdust. A series of batch tests was conducted by varying initial concentration, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • OSU Researchers Deploy Stevens Equipment in Study of Green Infrastructure Treatment for Groundwater Runoff

    Stormwater runoff pollution is a serious issue that faces almost every urban and suburban environment. In older city infrastructure, runoff from roofs, parking lots, and streets flows directly into the sewer system and must be handled by the municipal wastewater treatment facility, increasing the amount of work the system must undertake. For the past 30 years, the infrastructure for stormwater ...

  • Understanding the factors influencing the removal of heavy metals in urban stormwater runoff

    In this research, an infiltration trench equipped with an extensive pretreatment and filter bed consisting of woodchip, sand and gravel was utilized as a low impact development technique to manage stormwater runoff from a highly impervious road with particular emphasis on heavy metal removal. Findings revealed that the major factors influencing the removal of heavy metals were the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Cytotoxic and genotoxic activities of waters and sediments from highway and parking lot runoffs

    The genotoxicity of water and sediment samples from stormwater treatment systems and water from urban highway runoff was tested in the Salmonella/microsome assays with Salmonella typhimurium, micronucleus assay (Trad-MN) with plants and with human-derived liver cells (HepG2), or comet assay with HepG2. Cytotoxicity of water samples was studied using either reactive oxygen ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Flow characteristics of individual lot stormwater detention

    In this paper the flow characteristics of stormwater are analyzed as it travels from a roof gutter down-pipe and the turbulent flow generated on entering an individual lot on-site stormwater detention (OSD) unit beneath a residential carport. Comparison was made between a full-scale model and computational fluid dynamic (CFD) simulations to determine the flow characteristics. These modular ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • With a stormy future ahead, study offers new tools for managing runoff

    These two words might make you sleepy: stormwater management. But they should make you scared. Or, if a new study can help shake things up, hopeful. Runoff carrying oil, salt, fertilizer, sediment and other pollutants is a top threat to lakes across the U.S., and several factors — including rising population, growing cities and changing climate — are ...


    By Ensia

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