Stormwater Runoff Articles

  • Potential use of ionic species for identifying source land-uses of stormwater runoff

    Identifying critical land-uses or source areas is important to prioritize resources for cost-effective stormwater management. This study investigated the use of information on ionic composition as a fingerprint to identify the source land-use of stormwater runoff. We used 12 ionic species in stormwater runoff monitored for a total of 20 storm events at five sites with different land-use ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Funding Time Is Running Out. We Can Help Make The Most Of Your Spending.

    The Clean Water and Wastewater Fund (CWWF) is a federal program designed to support the rehabilitation and modernization of drinking water, wastewater and stormwater infrastructure. Through the CWWF, $569.5 million is being provided through federal infrastructure funding. The Province of Ontario is cost-matching contributions up to a maximum of 25% of total eligible costs. ...


    By Pure Technologies

  • WaStop chosen to protect Forest View residents and property from flooding - Case Study

    Location: Forest View Customer: The Village of Forest View Problem: Originally Forest View had a combined sewer and stormwater system. As the area became popular development occurred which lead to more hard surface areas, which lead to higher runoff during rainy periods. This became such a problem that, in the 1960’s the sewer and ...


    By Wapro AB

  • Discussion about initial runoff and volume capture ratio of annual rainfall

    In recent years, runoff pollution from urban areas has become a major concern all over the world. But there exists a worldwide confusion about how much stormwater should be captured for the purpose of runoff pollution control. Furthermore, the construction cost and pollution control efficiency are closely linked with the size of stormwater facilities, which is then related to the first flush ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Preliminary stabilisation of stormwater biofilters and loss of filter material

    Stabilisation affects performance of stormwater biofilters operating under intermittent wetting and drying, mainly due to wash-off of filter material. Understanding the dynamics of solids wash-off is crucial in designing stormwater biofilters. The current study analysed the dynamics of solids wash-off in stormwater biofilters and quantified the loss of solids from the filter. Four Perspex™ ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Soil Retention at Village of Moreland Hills, Ohio - Case Study

    PROJECT SCOPE: The village of Moreland Hills, Ohio faced a challenge to re-tain soils in a problematic soft soil area. But, piling systems were expensive and a concrete solution in the natural environment was undesirable. Presto GEOWEB® earth retention system’s inherent qualities include its flexibility, ability to withstand reasonable differential settlement in soft soil environ-ments, ...


    By Presto Geosystems

  • Bioswales reduce contaminants associated with toxicity in urban stormwater

    Contamination and toxicity associated with urban stormwater runoff are a growing concern because of the potential for receiving system impacts. California water regulators are mandating implementation of green infrastructure as part of new urban development projects to treat stormwater and increase infiltration. Parking lot bioswales are low impact development practices that promote filtering ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Adsorption kinetics and equilibrium study of nitrogen species onto radiata pine (Pinus radiata) sawdust

    Nitrogen species (NH3-N, NO3-N, and NO2-N) are found as one of the major dissolved constituents in wastewater or stormwater runoff. In this research, laboratory experiments were conducted to remove these pollutants from the water environment using radiata pine (Pinus radiata) sawdust. A series of batch tests was conducted by varying initial concentration, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • OSU Researchers Deploy Stevens Equipment in Study of Green Infrastructure Treatment for Groundwater Runoff

    Stormwater runoff pollution is a serious issue that faces almost every urban and suburban environment. In older city infrastructure, runoff from roofs, parking lots, and streets flows directly into the sewer system and must be handled by the municipal wastewater treatment facility, increasing the amount of work the system must undertake. For the past 30 years, the infrastructure for stormwater ...

  • Understanding the factors influencing the removal of heavy metals in urban stormwater runoff

    In this research, an infiltration trench equipped with an extensive pretreatment and filter bed consisting of woodchip, sand and gravel was utilized as a low impact development technique to manage stormwater runoff from a highly impervious road with particular emphasis on heavy metal removal. Findings revealed that the major factors influencing the removal of heavy metals were the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Cytotoxic and genotoxic activities of waters and sediments from highway and parking lot runoffs

    The genotoxicity of water and sediment samples from stormwater treatment systems and water from urban highway runoff was tested in the Salmonella/microsome assays with Salmonella typhimurium, micronucleus assay (Trad-MN) with plants and with human-derived liver cells (HepG2), or comet assay with HepG2. Cytotoxicity of water samples was studied using either reactive oxygen ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Flow characteristics of individual lot stormwater detention

    In this paper the flow characteristics of stormwater are analyzed as it travels from a roof gutter down-pipe and the turbulent flow generated on entering an individual lot on-site stormwater detention (OSD) unit beneath a residential carport. Comparison was made between a full-scale model and computational fluid dynamic (CFD) simulations to determine the flow characteristics. These modular ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • With a stormy future ahead, study offers new tools for managing runoff

    These two words might make you sleepy: stormwater management. But they should make you scared. Or, if a new study can help shake things up, hopeful. Runoff carrying oil, salt, fertilizer, sediment and other pollutants is a top threat to lakes across the U.S., and several factors — including rising population, growing cities and changing climate — are ...


    By Ensia

  • Can water sensitive urban design systems help to preserve natural channel-forming flow regimes in an urbanised catchment?

    Increased stormwater runoff and pollutant loads due to catchment urbanisation bring inevitable impacts on the physical and ecological conditions of environmentally sensitive urban streams. Water sensitive urban design (WSUD) has been recognised as a possible means to minimise these negative impacts. This paper reports on a study that investigated the ability of infiltration-based WSUD systems ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Comparison of the treatment performance of hybrid constructed wetlands treating stormwater runoff

    This study was conducted to compare the treatment performance of two hybrid constructed wetlands (CWs) in treating stormwater runoff. The hybrid CWs were composed of a combination of free water surface (FWS) and horizontal subsurface flow (HSSF) CWs. Based on the results, strong correlation exists between potential runoff impacts and stormwater characteristics; however, the low correlations ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Physical design optimization of an urban runoff treatment system using Stormwater Management Model (SWMM)

    The study presented the application of Stormwater Management Model (SWMM) in determining the optimal physical design properties of an established low impact development (LID) system treating road runoff. The calibration of the model was based on monitored storm events occurring from May 2010 to July 2013. It was found that the total suspended solids was highly correlated with stormwater runoff ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Assessment of LID practices for restoring pre-development runoff regime in an urbanized catchment in southern Finland

    This study quantifies the effects of common stormwater management techniques on urban runoff generation. Simulated flow rates for different low impact development (LID) scenarios were compared with observed flow rates during different urban construction phases in a catchment (12.3 ha) that was developed from natural forest to a residential area over a monitoring period of 5 years. The Storm ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Modelling the impact of retention–detention units on sewer surcharge and peak and annual runoff reduction

    Stormwater management using water sensitive urban design is expected to be part of future drainage systems. This paper aims to model the combination of local retention units, such as soakaways, with subsurface detention units. Soakaways are employed to reduce (by storage and infiltration) peak and volume stormwater runoff; however, large retention volumes are required for a significant peak ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Green Water Infrastructure

    Stormwater runoff is a major cause of water pollution in urban areas. When rain falls on roofs, streets, and parking lots, the water cannot soak into the ground. In most urban areas, stormwater is drained through engineered collection systems and discharged into nearby waterbodies. The stormwater carries trash, bacteria, heavy metals, and other pollutants from the urban landscape, degrading the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Washington State DOE stormwater report - Case Study

    Fitesa, a non-wovens manufacturer in the state of Washington consistently tests stormwater but experienced problems meeting the stormwater standards for zinc and copper discharge. Zinc is used in galvanized metal, shingles, finishes in paints, and car tires—zinc iseverywhere. Copper is used in items such as in brake linings and pressure treated lumber. At sites near heavily traveled roads, ...

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