Stormwater Treatment Articles

  • Bioswales reduce contaminants associated with toxicity in urban stormwater

    Contamination and toxicity associated with urban stormwater runoff are a growing concern because of the potential for receiving system impacts. California water regulators are mandating implementation of green infrastructure as part of new urban development projects to treat stormwater and increase infiltration. Parking lot bioswales are low impact development practices that promote filtering ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • OSU Researchers Deploy Stevens Equipment in Study of Green Infrastructure Treatment for Groundwater Runoff

    Stormwater runoff pollution is a serious issue that faces almost every urban and suburban environment. In older city infrastructure, runoff from roofs, parking lots, and streets flows directly into the sewer system and must be handled by the municipal wastewater treatment facility, increasing the amount of work the system must undertake. For the past 30 years, the infrastructure for stormwater ...

  • Understanding the factors influencing the removal of heavy metals in urban stormwater runoff

    In this research, an infiltration trench equipped with an extensive pretreatment and filter bed consisting of woodchip, sand and gravel was utilized as a low impact development technique to manage stormwater runoff from a highly impervious road with particular emphasis on heavy metal removal. Findings revealed that the major factors influencing the removal of heavy metals were the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Bayview Community - Wastewater Treatment System

    Formed just after the Civil War, “Bayview” is a 300 year‐old predominately African American community. The residents of the community organized and created the Bayview Citizens for Social Justice In 1998. The group formed partnerships to improve the lives of the community by installing a water and wastewater treatment system. Funding came from multiple Federal. State and County ...


    By Bio-Microbics, Inc.

  • 10 top tips for sustainable cities

    As global population grows, urban population is growing even faster — with 2.5 billion more city dwellers expected by 2050, according to the United Nations. And while urbanization can bring benefits in terms of economies of scale, social cohesion, technological innovation, transportation efficiency and more, cities can also be breeding grounds for poverty, pollution and malaise. To help ...


    By Ensia

  • Comparison of the treatment performance of hybrid constructed wetlands treating stormwater runoff

    This study was conducted to compare the treatment performance of two hybrid constructed wetlands (CWs) in treating stormwater runoff. The hybrid CWs were composed of a combination of free water surface (FWS) and horizontal subsurface flow (HSSF) CWs. Based on the results, strong correlation exists between potential runoff impacts and stormwater characteristics; however, the low correlations ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Reference pathogen numbers in urban stormwater for drinking water risk assessment

    Targeted stormwater event-based monitoring of adenovirus, Cryptosporidium and Campylobacter, the human health reference pathogens of viruses, protozoa and bacteria, respectively, was undertaken to determine numbers prior to water recycling via an aquifer. This allowed the determination of a 95th percentile of reference pathogen numbers in stormwater (2 n/L for adenoviruses, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Physical design optimization of an urban runoff treatment system using Stormwater Management Model (SWMM)

    The study presented the application of Stormwater Management Model (SWMM) in determining the optimal physical design properties of an established low impact development (LID) system treating road runoff. The calibration of the model was based on monitored storm events occurring from May 2010 to July 2013. It was found that the total suspended solids was highly correlated with stormwater runoff ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Performance of a pilot showcase of different wetland systems in an urban setting in Singapore

    The Alexandra Wetlands, part of PUB's Active, Beautiful, Clean Waters (ABC Waters) Programme, showcase a surface flow wetland, an aquatic pond and a sub-surface flow wetland on a 200 m deck built over an urban drainage canal. Water from the canal is pumped to a sedimentation basin, before flowing in parallel to the three wetlands. Water quality monitoring was carried out monthly from ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Case study - Dubai labor camp not worried about water

    Installer: Jallad Environmental Distributor: Clearbrook, Inc. With water scarcity as a major concern for the MENA region, the need to reuse wastewater became a major focus for a project located in the labors camp region of Dubai. Consisting of a fluctuating occupancy (between 4,000 to 6,000 workers throughout the year), a decentralized wastewater system was determined to be the best course of ...


    By Bio-Microbics, Inc.

  • Assessing the viability of microhydropower generation from the stormwater flow of the detention outlet in an urban area

    Small-scale hydropower is the generation of electrical power of 10 MW or less from the transformation of kinetic energy in flowing water to mechanical energy in a rotating turbine to electrical energy in a generator. The technology is especially useful when installed with a stormwater infrastructure in countries teeming with abundant rainfall. It is upon this concept that this study is being ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Treatment of suspended solids and heavy metals from urban stormwater runoff by a tree box filter

    Particulates, inorganic and toxic constituents are the most common pollutants associated with urban stormwater runoff. Heavy metals such as chromium, nickel, copper, zinc, cadmium and lead are found to be in high concentration on paved roads or parking lots due to vehicle emissions. In order to control the rapid increase of pollutant loads in stormwater runoff, the Korean Ministry of Environment ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Performance of a half-saturated vertical flow wetland packed with volcanic gravel in stormwater treatment

    A half-saturated pilot-scale wetland planted with Acorus calamus was built to treat urban stormwater. The design comprises a sedimentation tank for pretreatment, and a vertical flow volcanic gravel wetland bed equipped with a recirculation device. Eighteen rainfall events were monitored in 2012. The treatment system achieved total removal efficiencies of 99.4, 81, 50, and 86% for ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Improving sediment removal in standard stormwater sumps

    Standard sumps are an important component of our stormwater drainage system. Recently they have received significant attention as a stormwater pre-treatment device to remove sediment from stormwater runoff. The objective of this research is to explore some simple structures to be installed inside standard sumps to improve sediment removal efficiency. A number of structures were tested and two ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Innovative use of lamella clarifiers for central stormwater treatment in separate sewer systems

    Lamella settlers have been used in the past few years for the sedimentation of particles in wastewater and stormwater applications. A new and very innovative approach for the treatment of stormwater flows is proposed which extends the portfolio of solutions beyond traditional settling tanks. Surface runoff is stored in a sewer or a basin and finally treated in a small but continuously operated ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Particle retention in compact constructed wetlands treating highway stormwater

    Three pilot-scale compact constructed wetland systems were constructed to treat stormwater from a highway. They each comprised a sedimentation tank, and a vertical flow (VF) wetland bed equipped with a recirculation device. The VF wetland beds were filled with woodchip, pumice and volcanic gravel, respectively. According to the analysis of the particle size distributions (0.52–500 ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Performance of a pilot-scale constructed wetland for stormwater runoff and domestic sewage treatment on the banks of a polluted urban river

    To examine the performance of a constructed wetland system on stormwater runoff and domestic sewage (SRS) treatment in central east China, two parallel pilot-scale integrated constructed wetland (ICW) systems were operated for one year. Each ICW consisted of a down-flow bed, an up-flow bed and a horizontal subsurface flow bed. The average removal rates of chemical oxygen demand (CODCr), total ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Preliminary investigation into the pollution reduction performance of swales used in a stormwater treatment train

    Permeable pavements have been shown to be effective stormwater treatment devices that can greatly reduce surface runoff and significantly improve the quality of stormwater runoff in urban areas. However, the potential problems with sediment clogging and consequent maintenance requirements have been identified as the main barriers to more widespread adoption of permeable pavements in urban ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Factors that affect the hydraulic performance of raingardens: implications for design and maintenance

    Raingardens are becoming an increasingly popular technology for urban stormwater treatment. However, their hydraulic performance is known to reduce due to clogging from deposition of fine-grained sediments on the surface. This impacts on their capacity to treat urban runoff. It has been recently hypothesised that plants can help to mitigate the effect of surface clogging on infiltration. A ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • How to Plan Stormwater Management for Urban Areas

    Water is a vital commodity in our lives, but it is possible to have too much water all at once in our lives, especially following violent storms or snow melt. This excess water, lying on the ground, swelling rivers, canals and drains to over-capacity is known as stormwater. In order to make the best use of this water, local authorities need to safely contain stormwater while any ...


    By Liquivault

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