Wastewater Recycling Articles

  • Beer Breaks Barriers in Public Perception of Wastewater Recycling

    Medium-scale wastewater reuse is a perfect fit for beverage bottlers, but can beer break the ice with the public? ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Drivers for and against municipal wastewater recycling: a review

    The reclamation, treatment and reuse of municipal wastewater can provide important environmental benefits. In this paper, 25 studies on this topic were reviewed and it was found that there are many (>150) different drivers acting for and against wastewater recycling. To deal with the challenge of comparing studies which entailed different research designs, a framework was developed which ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Cost comparison of seawater for toilet flushing and wastewater recycling

    As freshwater resources are becoming increasingly scarce, unconventional sources of water should be given new consideration. In coastal cities, seawater, with minimal treatment, can be used for toilet flushing, reducing the demand for freshwater. Currently, it is practised on a large scale only in Hong Kong. This study estimates the cost of seawater flushing and compares it to the cost of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The effect of aeration and effluent recycling on domestic wastewater treatment in a pilot-plant system of duckweed ponds

    Three pilot-scale duckweed pond (DP) wastewater treatment systems were designed and operated to examine the effect of aeration and effluent recycling on treatment efficiency. Each system consisted of two DPs in series fed by pre-settled domestic sewage. The first system (duckweed+ conventional treatment) was ‘natural’ and included only duckweed plants. The second system ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Moderate size PCB contractor and aerospace contractor

    "If you're buying a cleaner from us, why not buy a closed-loop wastewater recycling system from us at the same time?" discussion: One cleaner vendor supplied a complete cleaner and separate closed-loop WASTEWATER recycling system to each of two different customers in California. After the systems were installed, neither customers could get the systems to function as a closed-loop ...

  • Wastewater Recycling Project

    Durban is part of the eThekweni Municipality, located on the east coast of South Africa. The combination of limited water resources in the city along with sewage capacity constraints, led to the investigation of different wastewater recycling processes since the region produces approximately 450million litres of wastewater per day. The project was South Africa’s first private wastewater ...


    By IWA Publishing

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