Water Bottling Articles

  • A clean job for Klinger bottle washing systems - Case Study

    Application: Bottle washing equipment Xylem scope: The Lowara Vogel Series e-SHS stainless steel, LSB and e-NSCS cast iron end suction pumps were the right solution for moving water and corrosive liquids in Klinger’s bottle washing machines. The equipment provided combines high efficiency with flexibility and can easily be mounted in small spaces. ...


    By LOWARA - a Xylem brand

  • Predicting water filter and bottled water use in Appalachia: a community-scale case study

    A questionnaire survey was conducted in order to assess residents’ perceptions of water quality for drinking and recreational purposes in a mid-sized city in northcentral West Virginia. Two logistic regression analyses were conducted in order to investigate the factors that influence bottle use and filter use. Results show that 37% of respondents primarily use bottled water and that 58% use a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Mistrust at the tap? Factors contributing to public drinking water (mis)perception across US households

    How individuals perceive the safety of their public drinking water influences whether they reach for the tap to quench their thirst, or an alternative such as bottled water or a sugary drink. In turn, mistrust of drinking water quality and subsequent reliance on alternative beverage sources can adversely impact health, welfare and the environment. Using data from the 2013 American Housing ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Things You Should Know about Your Reusable Water Bottle

    Reusable water bottles are everywhere; on office desks, in gym bags, and in kids’ backpacks. And while it’s inexpensive, environmentally friendly, and incredibly convenient to stop by any tap or fountain for a quick refill, there are a few things to remember about these reusable bottles. Actually, there are a few things to remember about microorganisms: many of them love warmth, ...

  • Bottled versus tap water fact sheet

    Where does bottled water come from? Those beautiful mountain illustrations on water bottles are often very far from the true source of the water inside. Bottled water sources can be hard to track down, as bottled water manufacturers are not required to disclose where the water comes from or for that matter, what’s in their water. In fact, the best indicator of what kind of water ...

  • How can I keep my samples secure and tamper proof?

    The first stage of any test is to collect a sample. Whether it’s water, biological tissues, or a sample from a production line, it must be representative of the bulk and not be altered in order to give accurate results. Most samples will have to be transported after they are collected – this might be just a few meters from a production line to the test room, or could be ...


    By Camlab Limited

  • Potential health impacts of consuming desalinated bottled water

    This study compared physicochemical properties, anion and carbon content and major and trace elements in desalinated and non-desalinated bottled water available in Qatar, and assessed the potential health risks associated with prolonged consumption of desalinated water. Results indicate that Qatar's population is not at elevated risk of dietary exposure to As (mean = 666 ng/L), Ba ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water, sanitation, and diarrhea incidence among children: evidence from Guatemala

    Using household survey data for Guatemala, this paper investigates the role of water and sanitation infrastructure on diarrhea incidence in children. Hierarchical logit models of diarrhea incidence are estimated to account for potential regional heterogeneity of water and sanitation effects. Results indicate that the incidence probability of diarrhea is on average 20% lower in homes connected ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Comparing the microbial risks associated with household drinking water supplies used in peri-urban communities of Phnom Penh, Cambodia

    Most Cambodians lack access to a safe source of drinking water. Piped distribution systems are typically limited to major urban centers in Cambodia, and the remaining population relies on a variety of surface, rain, and groundwater sources. This study examines the household water supplies available to Phnom Penh's resettled peri-urban residents through a case-study approach of two ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Impact of sunlight/dark storage on natural spring water bottled in polyethylene terephthalate

    The effect of two environmental variables, ultraviolet radiation and external air temperature, on polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottled water was investigated over 100 days. The high pressure liquid chromatography results showed the migration of carbonyl compounds (acetaldehyde, formaldehyde and acetone) from PET bottles into water over 3 months. Storage of PET bottled water enhanced the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • EcoloBlue Emergency A.C.E. Container - Water From Air

    At EcoloBlue, we are trying to raise awareness about our All Contained Emergency (A.C.E. Container) solution in a 40ft container. It is a self contained, powered, water generation, and bottling system (600 to 1000 260ml pouches per hour) that provides up to 2,000 liters of pure drinking water daily from the Humidity in the Air. EcoloBlue’s A.C.E. Container is designed for solutions such as ...


    By EcoloBlue

  • Scaletron - case study

    The Customer L A Maintenance is a leading building services maintenance contractor well known for its innovative approach. One of its functions is the maintenance of air-conditioning units for computer suites and other areas where controlled air quality is essential. The problem In order to ensure a controlled air quality the air conditioning units are ...

  • Detergent and Fabric softener producer - case study

    Application A detergent and fabric softener producer in the Central United States had numerous waste-water disposal issues resulting from the bottling of fabric softeners and detergents. Wastewater Description The wastewater contained diluted fabric softener, anionic detergents and wash-down waters from bottling change-overs. The waste stream also contained ...


  • Perceptions of bottled water consumers in three Brazilian municipalities

    This study presents perceptions of consumers of bottled water in their households in three Brazilian municipalities. Data from interviews were analyzed using the Discourse Collective Subject method. Interviewees spent, on average, the equivalent of 40% of their water bill for the public water supply on the purchase of bottled water. The decision about water consumption in the household ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The effect of seasonal climate on bottled water distribution in rural Cambodia

    The rural population of Cambodia currently has limited access to improved water sources, with monthly access significantly varying between the wet and dry seasons. This poses difficulties for many households across the country, especially in the dry season when stored rainwater – a common source for many – becomes difficult to obtain, necessitating a switch to sources unsafe for ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • [INFOGRAPHIC] Quench water coolers can help eliminate common water dangers

    Americans are a thirsty population and water continues to be the most popular drink of choice in the United States. In fact, according to Beverage Marketing, Americans are consuming water in greater quantities than ever before, drinking 1.2 times more water than they were a decade ago. This increase has led to a total of 91 billion gallons of water consumed in 2011, an astronomical amount. ...


    By Quench USA, Inc.

  • Water Bottling Plant Chooses Greyline for Level Control

    Culligan were able to double up level monitoring of two tanks with one instrument because pairs of identical-sized tanks were interconnected with a 2” pipe near their base. The Greyline SLT32 was calibrated to display the combined volume of both tanks. This function worked with a two vertical tanks as well as a pair of horizontal round tanks where the SLT32’s HRT round tank volume ...


    By Greyline Instruments Inc.

  • Peterstaler Mineralquellen establishes its own counting centre

    Deposit on non-refillable foreign bottles is secured The German producer of mineral water, Peterstaler Mineralquellen, operates a PET filling system and fills about 40 million PET cycle bottles a year. However, when the crates with the empty bottles are returned to Peterstaler, there are foreign bottles mixed in with the company’s own. Until now, the bottles have been sorted ...


    By Anker Andersen A/S

  • Water bottling plant chooses Greyline for level control

    Culligan were able to double up level monitoring of two tanks with one instrument because pairs of identical-sized tanks were interconnected with a 2” pipe near their base. The Greyline SLT32 was calibrated to display the combined volume of both tanks. This function worked with a two vertical tanks as well as a pair of horizontal round tanks where the SLT32’s HRT round tank volume ...


    By Greyline Instruments Inc.

  • Detection of Pseudomonas aeruginosa by PCR in tap-water and bottled mineral water in the Isfahan province of Iran

    The purpose of this study was to consider the use of a simple polymerase chain reaction (PCR) as an accurate, safe and rapid method to detect Pseudomonas aeruginosa in tap-water and bottled mineral water from Isfahan province, Iran. A total of 224 tap-water and bottled mineral water samples were taken over six months, from July to December 2010. DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) was extracted from ...


    By IWA Publishing

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