Water Conditioning Articles

  • World Water Day

    Today is World Water Day. An annual event which is focused on raising awareness around universal clean, fresh water issues and sustainable water solutions. This year marks the 23rd World Water Day since the first recorded event in 1993. It was proposed in the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development and has become a popular event around the world, particularly in highlighting ...


    By Aquaread Limited

  • Chelsea Football & Village Complex - Case Study

    Changes for Chelsea Score High on Efficiency! The Chelsea Football & Village complex at Stamford Bridge has benefitted from advanced Hydropath limescale conditioning technology in successfully preventing the build up of limescale. Three commercial water conditioning Hydroflow models were installed in the secondary hot water heating plant of Chelsea’s FC East Stand ...


    By Hydropath Technology Ltd.

  • The effect of sulphate on selenate bioaccumulation in two freshwater primary producers: A duckweed, Lemna minor, and a green alga, Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata

    Predicting selenium bioaccumulation is complicated because site‐specific conditions, including the ionic composition of water, affect the bioconcentration of inorganic selenium into the food web. Selenium tissue concentrations were measured in Lemna minor and Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata following exposure to selenate and sulphate. Selenium accumulation differed between species, and ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • OCFA SAVES THOUSANDS OF DOLLARS EACH YEAR IN MAINTENACE FOLLOWING SCALEWATCHER INSTALLATIONS

    Orange County Fire Authority is saving thousands of dollars a year on expensive maintenance and early renewal of equipment following the installation of the patented, award-winning Scalewatcher computerized, electronic water-conditioner from Scalewatcher North America. Such was the success of the first Scalewatcher installation that 10 more devices have now been installed at other Fire ...

  • Dong Boo Chemical Co. Song Jung-Dong, Dong Hae Si, Kang Won-Do South Korea – case study

    OVERVIEW, WATER SYSTEM CHALLENGES The factory used electrode holders for cooling the furnace. Under normal furnace operation, these holders were destructed by scale accumulation. Replacing an average of 7.8 electrode holder every month was very costly. SOLUTION A ScaleBuster water conditioner SB150 and 2 units of SB200 were installed on the main ...

  • Removing Struvite from wastewater systems

    Named after Henrich Christian Gottfried Von Struve, who discovered the magnesium ammonium phosphate crystals in medieval sewer systems in Hamburg in 1845, struvite is a major problem for waste water treatment plants. The hard, crystalline deposit forms scale on lines and belts, in centrifuges and pumps.  It also clogs system pipes and other equipment including anaerobic ...

  • Effect of different water conditions on dissolution of nanosilver

    This study evaluates the time-dependent dissolution of nanosilver (nAg) in common electrolytes and natural waters. nAg was synthesized via Tollens’ method using sodium citrate as stabilizer; its morphology, UV–Vis spectrum, and particle size were characterized. The dissolved silver was monitored over time using filtration, centrifugation, and inductively coupled plasma atomic ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • TOPS Rehabilitation Facility Article on HydroFLOW Canine HydroTherapy Pools

    This Case Study is the conclusion of a HydroFLOW Water Conditioner Installation performed by James Follensbee, Managing Member, Seamus Capital, LLC dba JFHYDROFLOW, Distributor for HydroFLOW Holdings-USA in IL, IN, WI & MI for the two Canine HydroTherapy Pools located at TOPS Rehabilitation Facility in Grayslake, Illinois. Purpose of the Case Study was to reduce the chemical dosages ...


    By HydroFLOW USA

  • Magnetic Water Conditioner

    I am sure you have heard about hard water before, and also know that hard water is bad for our health. If you check the kettle for boiling water, you will see limescale which will affect the efficiency of energy. There are several solutions for water softening, especially to lower the calcium and magnesium in water. 1. The easiest way is just to boil the water, the calcium hydroxide and magnesium ...


    By Stanford Magnets

  • Abutment scour in clear-water and live-bed conditions by GMDH network

    In the present study, the Group Method of Data Handling (GMDH) network has been utilized to predict abutments scour depth for both clear-water and live-bed conditions. The GMDH network was developed using a Back Propagation algorithm (BP). Input parameters that were considered as effective variables on abutment scour depth included properties of sediment size, geometry of bridge abutments, and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Scalewatcher removes limescale at Mathews Manor wedding and conference events venue

    Mathews Manor, a unique wedding and conference events venue in Springville, Alabama has found the solution to hard water limescale by installing the award winning Scalewatcher computerized, electronic water conditioner from Scalewatcher North America. Since installing Scalewatcher, the venue no longer has limescale residue in its dish rooms and it is using 50% less chemicals in its swimming ...

  • The climate of the future has been analyzed in 13 counties

    Over the past two years, around two-thirds of the local County Administrations in Sweden have entrusted SMHI to construct plausible scenarios of future climate development in the relevant counties. Based on observations and analyses from the SMHI as well as climate scenarios from international climate research, the assignments have been prepared in close dialogue with the County Administrations ...

  • Eco-friendly Scalewatcher tackles scale in school building

    A school in Texas is benefiting from reduced salt and chemical usage following the installation of the computerized, electronic, water-conditioner Scalewatcher® from Scalewatcher North America.  The Scalewatcher system has proved so successful that the school authorities are proposing to install units in every building which will save the school authority thousands of dollars a year in ...

  • UV photolysis of perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) in dilute aqueous solution

    Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) is very persistent in the environment and widely detected in the water environment. Only some advanced methods with extreme reaction conditions are shown to be capable of degrading the compound efficiently, and almost all the earlier investigations used very high PFOA concentrations. The compound is detected normally at very low concentrations in the water ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effect of water quality of antibiotics by RO/NF

    This study addresses the possibility for nanofiltration (NF) and reverse osmosis (RO) membrane processes to serve as an alternative to remove low levels of selected antibiotics from wastewaters and surface waters given changing water conditions such as pH and presence of natural organic matter (NOM).  Preliminary experimental results obtained with a dead-end filtration apparatus suggest that ...


    By Toray Chemical Korea

  • Total Dynamics of Quartz–Water System at Ambient Conditions

    New data on the dissolution and growth of quartz in acid, nearly neutral and slightly alkaline solutions at ambient conditions are presented. During batch dissolutions, aqueous Si-concentrations increased nonlinearly towards limit values. During parallel growth experiments, however, the high Si-concentrations corresponding to 13-fold supersaturation with respect to quartz did not decreased. To ...


    By Springer

  • Use of Stereophotogrammetry to Analyze the Development of Shear Bands in Sand

    Experimental results are presented from plane-strain compression of a fine-grained, water-saturated loose sand. Together with local measurements of boundary stresses and deformations, systematic analysis of photographs of the deforming specimen allowed for measuring deformations and computing strain fields inside and outside the shear band. The principles, details, and accuracy of the procedure ...


    By ASTM International

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