water quality assessment Articles

  • Assessment of River Water Quality in Northwestern Greece

    The effect of land use patterns on river water quality was studied in three different river basins located in Epirus, Northwestern Greece. Studies were conducted from October 2000 to {September} 2001. During this period, the parameters chemical oxygen demand (COD), biological oxygen demand (BOD), NO2–, NO3–, NH4+ and PO43– were measured, employing standard methods of analysis. The results were ...


    By Springer

  • Water quality improvement of industrial shrimp ponds

    Agriculture has been one of the most major economic sources in Tien Giang province. Because waste generation from ISP process has not been completely controlled, it has affected the water quality seriously. Samples collected at three stages of shrimp ponds and surface water (rivers, canals) were assessed. The results showed that water quality in rivers and canals is contaminated by organic and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Geospatial water quality assessment system for the Sg. Buloh river basin in Malaysia

    Assessment of pollution risk requires the assimilation of spatio-temporally variable data on water quality parameters. This paper describes a GIS user-interface program coupled with a water quality index (WQI) model that was developed and built to assess water quality in the Sg. Buloh river basin. Fifty-two water sampling stations were selected for this study, and the WQI model considers ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Water pollution

    Water pollution is a major problem in the global context. It has been suggested that it is the leading worldwide cause of deaths and diseases,1,2 and that it accounts for the deaths of more than 14,000 people daily.2 An estimated 700 million Indians have no access to a proper toilet, and 1,000 Indian children die of diarrheal sickness every day.3 Some 90% of China's cities suffer from ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Turbidity tubes for drinking water quality assessments

    Turbidity tubes have been considered to be the field method of choice for drinking water quality monitoring in resource-limited contexts because of their relative simplicity and low cost in comparison with conventional (nephelometric) turbidimeters. These tubes utilise the principle of visual extinction of a submerged target for turbidity determination and were therefore thought to be subject to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Holy springs and holy water: underestimated sources of illness?

    Use of holy springs and holy water is inherent in religious activities. Holy spring water is also used extensively for personal drinking water, although not assessed according to drinking water standards. Holy water in churches and chapels may cause infections via wetting of lips and sprinkling on persons. Our aim was to assess the microbiological and chemical water quality of holy springs and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Quality of bathing water — 2009 bathing season

    EU bathing water legislation Almost two out of three Europeans consider that the quality of water in their country is a serious problem, according to a European Commission survey in 2009 (1). To allow Europeans to make an informed choice about which beach to visit, the European Union (EU) publishes an annual report on the quality of coastal and freshwater bathing areas, as reported ...

  • Post-validation of SWAT model in a coastal watershed for predicting land use/cover change impacts

    Watershed models are typically calibrated and validated with the same land use and land cover (LULC) dataset and later used in assessing impacts of changing LULC, such as urbanization, on hydrology and/or water quality. However, their performance in predicting water quality/quantity in response to changing LULC is rarely assessed. The main objective of this paper was to explore the performance ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Development of a GIS-based decision support tool and assessment of Nile River water quality

    The objective of this paper is to develop and present a GIS-based and software tool capable of data management, data visualisation, and data analysis. The developed software is proved to be a good tool in the initial assessment of the quality status of the Nile river water quality. In addition a Graphical User Interface (GUI) was fully designed and implemented to make the GIS tool very easy and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Scientists submit suggestions for improved European water quality

    Although the European Water Framework Directive has been in place since 2000, some say revisions are needed to help the continent achieve even better water quality. Scientists from across Europe have carefully looked at the document to determine what is needed to help make the framework more effective. The directive, which addresses water pollution, says all bodies of water in Europe — ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Discriminant analysis application in spatiotemporal evaluation of water quality in South Florida

    The discriminant analysis (DA) method was used to differentiate and classify the water quality of three major rivers in South Florida. In this study, DA was used to assess the water quality and evaluate the spatial and temporal variations in surface water quality in South Florida. DA, as an important data reduction method, was used to assess the water pollution status and analysis of its ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Status and trends of water quality in the Tafna catchment: a comparative study using water quality indices

    Water quality indices (WQIs) are necessary for resolving lengthy, multi-parameter, water analysis reports into single digit scores; different WQIs have been developed worldwide which are greatly differing in terms of mathematical structures, the numbers and types of variables included, etc. The aim of this paper is to evaluate trends of water quality in Tafna basin with a comparison of 10 WQIs ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Selection of monitoring locations for storm water quality assessment

    Storm water runoff is a major contributor to the pollution of receiving waters. Storm water characteristics may vary significantly between locations and events. Hence, for each given location, this necessitates a well-designed monitoring campaign prior to selection of an appropriate storm water management strategy. The challenge for the design of a monitoring campaign with a given budget is to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Reframing risk: a risk pathway method for identifying improvement through control and threat analysis

    This paper describes the benefits of applying a risk pathway method as an evidence-based whole of supply chain risk assessment approach in the delivery of efficient and effective quality management frameworks for water. It presents a new approach for assessing water service provision risk that considers the chronology of the series of causes, impacts and consequences to business outcomes ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Standardised survey method for identifying catchment risks to water quality

    This paper describes the development and application of a systematic methodology to identify and quantify risks in drinking water and recreational catchments. The methodology assesses microbial and chemical contaminants from both diffuse and point sources within a catchment using Escherichia coli, protozoan pathogens and chemicals (including fuel and pesticides) as index contaminants. Hazard ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Modelling the catchment-scale environmental impacts of wastewater treatment in an urban sewage system for CO2 emission assessment

    Water shortages and water pollution are a global problem. Increases in population can have further acute effects on water cycles and on the availability of water resources. Thus, wastewater management plays an important role in mitigating negative impacts on natural ecosystems and human environments and is an important area of research. In this study, we modelled catchment-scale hydrology, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Drinking water quality and source reliability in rural Ashanti region, Ghana

    Site-specific information about local water sources is an important part of a community-driven effort to improve environmental conditions. The purpose of this assessment was to gather this information for residents of rural villages in Ghana. Sanitary surveys and bacteriological testing for total coliforms and Escherichia coli (EC) using Colilert® were conducted at nearly ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water Quality Models

    ' In order to determine the impacts of a particular discharge on ambient water quality, it is usually necessary to model the diffusion and dispersion of the discharge in the relevant water body. The approach applies both to new discharges and to upgrading of existing sources. This note provides guidance on models that may be applicable in the context of typical Bank projects.' Introduction ...


    By The World Bank

  • Watershed-level analysis of exceedance frequencies for different management strategies

    Exceedance of water-quality standards is important in assessing water quality. The effectiveness of soil conservation Beneficial Management Practices (BMPs) should be measured according to the BMPs' impact on exceedance frequencies. However, estimating exceedance frequencies for different management scenarios with field measurements is practically impossible due to difficulties in obtaining ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Statistical assessment of water quality of a Ramsar site wetland

    This study was conducted to evaluate the wetland water quality (WWQ) over a period of 3 years and establish relationships between these qualities using Ramsar site Uchali Wetland, Pakistan (32 °33′N, 72 °01′E). WWQ data obtained were subjected to summary statistics, generalized linear model (glm), correlation, covariance and cluster analysis. The glm of the monthly mean water indices showed ...


    By IWA Publishing

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