Water Distillation Articles

  • Sterile wastewater treatment with vacuum distillation

    Hygiene requirements are growing increasingly strict in many sectors, and the treatment of industrial wastewater is no exception. The vacuum distillation process in particular has to deal with the question of sterile treatment and subsequent storage of water obtained from the process. The mere possibility of reintroducing wastewater into the production process makes it imperative to prevent ...


    By H2O GmbH

  • Saving on electroplating costs

    Montblanc is a company based in Hamburg, Germany, that is well-known for manufacturing handcrafted, high-quality writing instruments. Perhaps the best known Montblanc product is the classic masterpiece, a fountain pen. The pen’s cap features the white star emblem, which is a stylised nod to Mont Blanc’s snowy peak. All Montblanc writing instruments are characterised by their ...


    By H2O GmbH

  • Ten quotes from our customers about VACUDEST

    Many companies have opted to introduce a policy of zero liquid discharge production using our high-quality VACUDEST vacuum distillation systems. Users can reduce their consumption of fresh water – an increasingly dwindling resource – and significantly reduce their disposal costs by recycling their industrial wastewater. Read on to find out what our customers say about VACUDEST: Ovidio ...


    By H2O GmbH

  • Adsorption of reactive dye from aqueous solution and synthetic dye bath wastewater by Eucalyptus bark/magnetite composite

    In the present study, Eucalyptus camaldulensis bark/magnetite composite (EBMC) was used for a potential application as a low-cost adsorbent for the removal of Reactive Black 5 (RB5). The adsorption experiments were performed with aqueous solution (RB5 + distilled water) and synthetic dye bath wastewater (SDBW) in order to investigate the potential application of EBMC in the textile industry. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Case study - Helicopter Wing Karup (Karup Airbase)

    COST EFFECTIVE AND ENVIRONMENTALLY CORRECT HANDLING OF WASTEWATER CONTAINING HEAVY METALS Client: The Danish Airforce helicopter group Helicopter Wings Karup, with homebase at the Karup Airfield. Helicopter Wing Karup was challenged with their wastewater from washing the helicopters. The content of heavy metals exceeded the limits for the direct disposal into ...


    By Envotherm A/S

  • Seawater desalination with solar-energy-integrated vacuum membrane distillation system

    This study designed and tested a novel type of solar-energy-integrated vacuum membrane distillation (VMD) system for seawater desalination under actual environmental conditions in Wuhan, China. The system consists of eight parts: a seawater tank, solar collector, solar cooker, inclined VMD evaporator, circulating water vacuum pump, heat exchanger, fresh water tank, and brine tank. Natural ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Experimental study of multi-effect membrane distillation (MEMD) for treatment of water containing inorganic salts

    A novel multi-effect membrane distillation (MEMD) process has been implemented to treat water containing four different inorganic solutes. The 4-stage MEMD module was developed based on the air-gap configuration. The influence of operating parameters like concentration, feed temperature, flow rate and operating time on permeate fluxes of zinc sulfate, sodium fluoride, magnesium chloride and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Thermodynamic modelling of a membrane distillation crystallisation process for the treatment of mining wastewater

    Membrane distillation (MD) could be applicable in zero liquid discharge applications. This is due to the fact that MD is applicable at high salinity ranges which are generally outside the scope of reverse osmosis (RO) applications, although this requires proper management of precipitating salts to avoid membrane fouling. One way of managing these salts is with MD crystallisation (MDC). This ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Fouling and long-term durability of an integrated forward osmosis and membrane distillation system

    An integrated forward osmosis (FO) and membrane distillation (MD) system has great potential for sustainable wastewater reuse. However, the fouling and long-term durability of the system remains largely unknown. This study investigates the fouling behaviour and efficiency of cleaning procedures of FO and MD membranes used for treating domestic wastewater. Results showed that a significant ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Recovery of salts from ion-exchange regeneration streams by a coupled nanofiltration–membrane distillation process

    Ion-exchange tap water demineralization for process water preparation results in a saline regeneration wastewater (20–100 mS cm−1) that is increasingly problematic in view of discharge. A coupled nanofiltration–membrane distillation (NF-MD) process is evaluated for the recovery of water and sodium chloride from this wastewater. NF-MD treatment of mixed regeneration ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Energy evaluation and treatment efficiency of vacuum membrane distillation for brackish water desalination

    Strict environmental regulations have led to the rapid development of membrane separation technologies for the production of potable water, for industrial water supply, and for the reuse and discharge of treated wastewater. Promotion of water recycling and the provision of potable water from brackish water prevent significant negative effects on the environment and drinking water supplies. This ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The Mechanical Vapor Compression: 38 Years of experience

    Abstract The Mechanical Vapor Compression (MVC) is among the most efficient distillation processes. It achieves its high efficiency in a simple manner, producing a high quality distillate. Since 1969 with the installation of IDE's first commercial MVC plant, circa of 260 units have been installed world-wide in single and multieffect configuration. In Spain alone, over 70 units have been ...


    By IDE Technologies

  • Review of med fundamentals and costing

    Introduction Low Temperature Multi Effect Distillation (LT-MED) is one of the most efficient thermal desalination processes currently in use. It incorporates technological advances which have resulted in reliable, durable and economical desalination plants producing high purity product water. These advances are as follows: Development of a unique design of a falling ...


    By IDE Technologies

  • Recycling of coal seam gas-associated water using vacuum membrane distillation

    Coal seam gas-associated water (CSGAW), which is a by-product of coal seam gas (CSG) production typically contains significant amounts of salts and has potential environmental issues. In this study, we optimized a bench-scale vacuum membrane distillation (VMD) process with flat-sheet hydrophobic polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) membranes for the treatment of synthetic CSGAW (conductivity = 15 ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Brackish water treatment for reuse using vacuum membrane distillation process

    The availability of fresh water is vital for all human activities and in particular for improving living conditions, health and overall well-being. Pressure on scarce fresh water resources can be reduced by treating and reusing brackish water by advanced membrane treatment technologies. In this study, brackish water originating from effluent discharge of a local coal mine, seawater, groundwater ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Case-study - Utilising waste heat for water production and climate control

    Water purification is needed to produce high quality water for consumption, agriculture and industrial needs. Conventional water treatment processes, like distillation and reverse osmosis, consume vast amounts of energy. However, there is a large potential for significant reductions in energy consumption and CO2 emissions in this sector. It can be achieved by the exploitation of waste heat for ...


    By Climate-KIC

  • On the thermo–economic optimisation of multistage flash evaporation desalination plants

    A thermo–economic optimisation analysis is presented yielding simple algebraic formulae for estimating the optimum number of desalination stages, condensing unit and brine heater size with operating temperatures for distilled water production. The P1–P2 method is used in the present study, together with the thermo–economic analyses of desalination equipments.Keywords: thermoeconomics, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Carbon credits earned from a double slope active solar still under forced circulation mode

    Human life on land is vitally dependent on fresh water along with food and air. Many areas in the world do not have access to fresh water. Growing demands of freshwater resources are creating an urgent need to develop self sustained system to meet the demand. At present, many distillation methods are available like reverse osmosis, thin film distillation multi-effect fresh evaporation but they ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Hydrotreater proven at small scale and expanded skillfully case study

    Bango Refining, USA, was using fixed-bed clay process for upgrading distillates recovered from used oil. The product had poor color, poor oxidation stability and there was no control over reduction of sulfur in the final products. From March 2009, with the Sequoia-supplied hydrotreater, Bango Oil started making Group 2+ base oil product that is ‘water white’. In 2012, the small ...


    By Sequoia Global, Inc.

  • Multiple floating porous absorbers type solar still: annual performance evaluation

    This paper describes an experimental work conducted in order to evaluate the annual performance of a modified single sloped basin type solar still. The modified still consists of a multiple number of blackened porous jute cloth absorbers, which are being floated on the basin water with the help of thermo–col insulations. Higher absorber surface temperatures are rapidly reached in this design, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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