Water Flow Articles

  • White Paper: Cyclical Aeration Control- Combining Aerobic & Anoxic Conditions in One Basin

    Increase Water Quality with Cyclical Aeration With increased effluent pollution restrictions on municipal wastewater treatment plants, cities are pressed to find ways to economically increase their effluent quality with little to no funding. Many new NPDES permits ...

  • New Expansion for Pulsar in China

    British non-contacting measurement and control specialists Pulsar Process Measurement have strengthened the team in China with the appointment of Eric Shi as National Sales Manager. He joins the growing Pulsar team who support customers and distributors throughout Asia, supported by the Regional Head Office in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Eric joins Pulsar after ten years experience working ...

  • Skid Systems - Case Study

    A Chemical Metering Pump is seldom used by itself. It is usually a part (ok, the part) of a chemical injection system into a process. Such a system requires various accessories, valves and controls to dispense the exact amount of chemical demanded by the application which may itself vary. Let us say if you are using chemical pump to achieve pH balance for the water. You need to measure the pH of ...

  • Numbers Speak Volumes: Water Distribution Assessment Increases System Operability To 84 Percent

    This large Midwest utility maintains and operates water collection, treatment, and distribution systems, as well as wastewater collection and treatment systems and stormwater management systems for its residential, business and wholesale customers in the region. To ensure the accessibility and quality of water services to meet the growing needs of the ...


    By Pure Technologies

  • WaReg protects homes from flooding in Sweden - Case Study

    Location: Backaryd, Sweden Customer: Backaryds Vattenverk Problem: Backaryd Water Treatment plant backwash their filters regularly. During this process water is released into the town sewer network at a rate of 16 l/s. The towns sewer network is dimensioned to cope with 5 l/s so when it receives 16 l/s it becomes problematic for downstream residents. When the backwashing occurs, homes in ...


    By Wapro AB

  • Horsepower on the pump curve

    Now that the head capacity relationship along the X and Y axes of the pump curve has been established in Part 1 of this series, the pump curve can be used to determine the amount of horsepower required to meet the head and capacity requirements for the job. Horsepower is a unit of power equal to 550 foot pounds per second or 746 watts. Water horsepower is the minimum power ...

  • Country Club Stream, Bank Stabilization - Case Study

    Akron, Ohio Worked with engineers and landscaping firm to repair country club stream on holes 4 and 10 that were damaged by a volatile adjacent stream. We used matting to ensure the surrounding area was not damaged by our equipment as we excavated and widened the creek. Stream restoration, we rebuilt the channel and waterfall using placed rock and added j-hooks and v-weir structures ...

  • Measurement of NAPL–water interfacial areas and mass transfer rates in two-dimensional flow cell

    The nonaqueous-phase liquid (NAPL)–water interfacial area and the mass transfer rate across the NAPL and water interface are often key factors in in situ groundwater pollution treatment. In this study, the NAPL–water interfacial area and residual NAPL saturation were measured using interfacial and partitioning tracer tests in a two-dimensional flow cell. The results were compared with ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Modeling scour depth downstream of grade-control structures using data driven and empirical approaches

    Local scour occurs in the immediate vicinity of structures as a result of impinging on a bed with a high velocity flow. Prediction of scour depth has an important role in control structure management and water resource engineering issues, so a study of new heuristic expressions governing it is necessary. The present study aims to investigate different methods' capabilities to estimate scour ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Experimental observation on factors affecting intrusion volumes during low or negative pressure events

    External water intrusion during low or negative pressure transient events in urban water supply systems may cause pollution and health problems. The volume of intrusion pollutants is one of the significant indicators that can reflect the degree of health risks when a pollution incident occurs. A pilot-scale platform was constructed in this study to simulate intrusion events, which were caused ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Mixing at double-Tee junctions with unequal pipe sizes in water distribution systems

    Pipe flow mixing with various solute concentrations and flow rates at pipe junctions is investigated. The degree of mixing affects contaminant spread in a water distribution system, and many studies have focused on mixing at the cross junctions; however, only a few have focused on double-Tee junctions of unequal pipe diameters. To investigate the solute mixing at such junctions, a series of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Improvement of multi-parameter-based feed-forward coagulant dosing control systems with feed-back functionalities

    Coagulant dosing control in drinking and wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) is often limited to flow proportional concepts. The advanced multi-parameter-based dosing control systems have significantly reduced coagulant consumption and improved outlet qualities. Due to the long retention time in separation stages, these models are mostly based on feed-forward (FF) models. This paper ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Modelling flows in shallow (fluvial) lakes with prevailing circulations in the horizontal plane: limits of 2D compared to 3D models

    The numerical modelling of circulations in shallow lakes is a relevant tool for all environmental applications in which flow advection processes are of interest, e.g. for studies on nutrients, microorganisms, pollutants and sediment dynamics. While three-dimensional (3D) models are needed to properly describe the flow fields of basins with the main circulations in the vertical plane, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Assessment of the quality, effectiveness, and acceptability of ceramic water filters in Tanzania

    Globally, approximately two billion people drink contaminated water. Use of household water treatment (HWT) methods, such as locally manufactured ceramic filters, reduces the diarrheal disease burden associated with unclean water. We evaluated the quality, effectiveness, and acceptability of ceramic filters in two communities in Arusha, Tanzania, by conducting: 1) baseline household surveys ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Shannon Creek Dam Switches to Custom Anti-Cav Control Valve Solution

    Shannon Creek Dam and pump station is the core feature of the Regional Water Supply scheme, a joint venture of the Coffs Harbour City Council and the Clarence Valley Council. With an inundation area is 37 square Km, the reservoir provides 30,000 mega litres of supplementary water supply to The Clarence Valley and Coffs Harbour, located on the Mid North Coast of NSW, Australia. This award-winning ...


    By Singer Valve Inc.

  • The Generation of Pure Water

    As a world leading manufacturer of complex multi-port stainless steel diaphragm valves, GEMÜ has earned an excellent reputation in the biotech and pharmaceuticals’ markets. GEMÜ is now transferring the skills acquired in biotech and pharmaceutical applications, to water applications by designing and manufacturing plastic multi-port block valves. The space saving compact build, ...


    By Modern Pumping Today

  • Top 10 Reasons to Choose a Diaphragm Actuated Control Valve

    Every water system typically consists of piping networks that distribute water from a source or storage reservoir to the end users. This frequently requires miles of piping mains along with pumps systems and controls that all have to be monitored and controlled somehow. Whether this control is to regulate pressure, a level or a flow, this usually will require some form of a ...


    By Singer Valve Inc.

  • Top 8 things to check when maintaining a Pressure Reducing Valve

    Like every other piece of mechanical equipment we use, a control valve does require some maintenance. As budgets are stretched and time is tight, it can be tempting to ignore checking on valves that are often located in underground vaults and give years of operation without complaint, but eventually like everything else, they will fail. This article looks at 8 simple steps that if undertaken ...


    By Singer Valve Inc.

  • Case study - Superfund site, water pump & treat system

    Anguil Aqua Systems LLC was contracted as part of a team of companies to implement a ground water pump and treat system intended to remove trichloroethylene (TCE) from a local aquifer designated as a Superfund Site by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Though the site is nestled between the buildings and roadways of an existing and operating industrial facility, the overall extent of the ...

  • Melaka Gets Tough on Non Revenue Water Loss and Claims Two Awards

    Melaka is a relatively small state on the southwest side of the Malay Peninsula with a city so rich in history and beauty that it is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage site. With a population around 850,000, the Melaka Water Company Ltd. (SAMB) manages roughly 270,000 service connections for commercial and residential customers. In 2008 the city embarked on an aggressive plan to upgrade ...


    By Singer Valve Inc.

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