Water Flow Articles

  • Flow Rate Measurement in Full Pipes Using the Transit Time Method

    Particularly in large diameters the relevance of water volume measurement is growing. The challenge with cooling water or fresh water processes is to generate accurate flow recordings or to document and to control individual consumptions and withdrawal quantities. Flow detection, however, particularly in large diameters is highly demanding. In such cases the transit time measurement thanks to its ...


    By NIVUS GmbH

  • Cold Rolling Mill - Emulsified Oily Water - Case Study

    Introduction Clean Water Technology, Inc. (CWT), the creator of the Gas Energy Mixing (GEM), System provides the most advanced primary treatment system on the market. The GEM System offers superior reduction of total suspended solids (TSS), biological and chemical oxygen demand (BOD/COD), oils and grease (FOG) and turbidity. With the ability to break oily wastewaters and float ...


    By Clean Water Technology, Inc.

  • Wet weather flow management

    For years, population explosion, demographic shifts, urbanization, aging infrastructure, limited water resources, and economic development have driven our water market, and with that our world’s need for total water solutions. ...


    By CH2M Hill Companies, Ltd.

  • White Paper: Cyclical Aeration Control- Combining Aerobic & Anoxic Conditions in One Basin

    Increase Water Quality with Cyclical Aeration With increased effluent pollution restrictions on municipal wastewater treatment plants, cities are pressed to find ways to economically increase their effluent quality with little to no funding. Many new NPDES permits ...

  • New Expansion for Pulsar in China

    British non-contacting measurement and control specialists Pulsar Process Measurement have strengthened the team in China with the appointment of Eric Shi as National Sales Manager. He joins the growing Pulsar team who support customers and distributors throughout Asia, supported by the Regional Head Office in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Eric joins Pulsar after ten years experience working ...

  • Study of hydraulics and mixing in roof tanks used in intermittent water supply

    Roof tanks are common in low and middle income countries, due to the intermittent water supply. Their hydraulic and water mixing behaviour has not been studied. This paper presents the results of a study on mixing and water demand in roof tanks, based on physical and numerical models. Tracer tests were carried out on a real scale transparent wall laboratory model of a roof tank, and a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Skid Systems - Case Study

    A Chemical Metering Pump is seldom used by itself. It is usually a part (ok, the part) of a chemical injection system into a process. Such a system requires various accessories, valves and controls to dispense the exact amount of chemical demanded by the application which may itself vary. Let us say if you are using chemical pump to achieve pH balance for the water. You need to measure the pH of ...


    By Aquflow

  • Valves in Water System of Heating Air Condition

    Common valves in water system of heating air condition include gate valve, globe valve and butterfly valve.   Gate vale For its moderate length, rotary adjusting rod and good regulating performance, gate valve is widely utilized in large caliber pipes.   Globe valve Globe valve is suitable for small caliber pipes for its long length, ...

  • Experimental study of hydraulics and sediment capture efficiency in catchbasins

    Catchbasins (also known as gully pot in the UK and Australia) are used to receive surface runoff and drain the stormwater into storm sewers. The recent interest in catchbasins is to improve their effectiveness in removing sediments in stormwater. An experimental study was conducted to examine the hydraulic features and sediment capture efficiency in catchbasins, with and without a bottom sump. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Numbers Speak Volumes: Water Distribution Assessment Increases System Operability To 84 Percent

    This large Midwest utility maintains and operates water collection, treatment, and distribution systems, as well as wastewater collection and treatment systems and stormwater management systems for its residential, business and wholesale customers in the region. To ensure the accessibility and quality of water services to meet the growing needs of the ...


    By Pure Technologies

  • WaReg protects homes from flooding in Sweden - Case Study

    Location: Backaryd, Sweden Customer: Backaryds Vattenverk Problem: Backaryd Water Treatment plant backwash their filters regularly. During this process water is released into the town sewer network at a rate of 16 l/s. The towns sewer network is dimensioned to cope with 5 l/s so when it receives 16 l/s it becomes problematic for downstream residents. When the backwashing occurs, homes in ...


    By Wapro AB

  • Horsepower on the pump curve

    Now that the head capacity relationship along the X and Y axes of the pump curve has been established in Part 1 of this series, the pump curve can be used to determine the amount of horsepower required to meet the head and capacity requirements for the job. Horsepower is a unit of power equal to 550 foot pounds per second or 746 watts. Water horsepower is the minimum power ...

  • Country Club Stream, Bank Stabilization - Case Study

    Akron, Ohio Worked with engineers and landscaping firm to repair country club stream on holes 4 and 10 that were damaged by a volatile adjacent stream. We used matting to ensure the surrounding area was not damaged by our equipment as we excavated and widened the creek. Stream restoration, we rebuilt the channel and waterfall using placed rock and added j-hooks and v-weir structures ...

  • Measurement of NAPL–water interfacial areas and mass transfer rates in two-dimensional flow cell

    The nonaqueous-phase liquid (NAPL)–water interfacial area and the mass transfer rate across the NAPL and water interface are often key factors in in situ groundwater pollution treatment. In this study, the NAPL–water interfacial area and residual NAPL saturation were measured using interfacial and partitioning tracer tests in a two-dimensional flow cell. The results were compared with ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Modeling scour depth downstream of grade-control structures using data driven and empirical approaches

    Local scour occurs in the immediate vicinity of structures as a result of impinging on a bed with a high velocity flow. Prediction of scour depth has an important role in control structure management and water resource engineering issues, so a study of new heuristic expressions governing it is necessary. The present study aims to investigate different methods' capabilities to estimate scour ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Experimental observation on factors affecting intrusion volumes during low or negative pressure events

    External water intrusion during low or negative pressure transient events in urban water supply systems may cause pollution and health problems. The volume of intrusion pollutants is one of the significant indicators that can reflect the degree of health risks when a pollution incident occurs. A pilot-scale platform was constructed in this study to simulate intrusion events, which were caused ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Possible impacts of the Poyang Lake (China) hydraulic project on lake hydrology and hydrodynamics

    Flow regime change is the leading driving force in the evolution of lacustrine ecological systems. According to the planned water level regulation scheme of the Poyang Lake hydraulic project (PLHP), this research discusses the possible impacts of PLHP on the hydrology and hydrodynamics of Poyang Lake (China) using the method of scenario simulation. The results show that a controlled water ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Mixing at double-Tee junctions with unequal pipe sizes in water distribution systems

    Pipe flow mixing with various solute concentrations and flow rates at pipe junctions is investigated. The degree of mixing affects contaminant spread in a water distribution system, and many studies have focused on mixing at the cross junctions; however, only a few have focused on double-Tee junctions of unequal pipe diameters. To investigate the solute mixing at such junctions, a series of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Improvement of multi-parameter-based feed-forward coagulant dosing control systems with feed-back functionalities

    Coagulant dosing control in drinking and wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) is often limited to flow proportional concepts. The advanced multi-parameter-based dosing control systems have significantly reduced coagulant consumption and improved outlet qualities. Due to the long retention time in separation stages, these models are mostly based on feed-forward (FF) models. This paper ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Modelling flows in shallow (fluvial) lakes with prevailing circulations in the horizontal plane: limits of 2D compared to 3D models

    The numerical modelling of circulations in shallow lakes is a relevant tool for all environmental applications in which flow advection processes are of interest, e.g. for studies on nutrients, microorganisms, pollutants and sediment dynamics. While three-dimensional (3D) models are needed to properly describe the flow fields of basins with the main circulations in the vertical plane, ...


    By IWA Publishing

Need help finding the right suppliers? Try XPRT Sourcing. Let the XPRTs do the work for you