pipe system Articles

  • Transient tests for locating and sizing illegal branches in pipe systems

    In pipe systems illegal branches can take away remarkable water resources with negative effects from both the economic and technical points of view. Difficulties in pointing out illegal branches by means of steady-state pressure and discharge measurements are mainly due to the fact that, of course, such systems are not active according to a regular time schedule. In this paper the possibility of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Stop It Pipe Repair System assists in decommissioning project - Case Study

    Since 1986, InduMar Products Inc. has provided a unique solution with its STOP IT Pipe Repair System. In refineries and chemical plants, where many miles of piping carry products that are often highly flammable, toxic or corrosive, the STOP IT provides a method to restore product and profit flow in minutes instead of the many hours required to cut out a pipe section, fabricate and install a new ...


    By InduMar Products, Inc.

  • Leak detection by inverse transient analysis in an experimental PVC pipe system

    Leakage reduction in water supply systems and distribution networks has been an increasingly important issue in the water industry since leaks and ruptures result in major physical and economic losses. Hydraulic transient solvers can be used in the system operational diagnosis, namely for leak detection purposes, due to their capability to describe the dynamic behaviour of the systems and to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Leak detection by inverse transient analysis in an experimental PVC pipe system

    Leakage reduction in water supply systems and distribution networks has been an increasingly important issue in the water industry since leaks and ruptures result in major physical and economic losses. Hydraulic transient solvers can be used in the system operational diagnosis, namely for leak detection purposes, due to their capability to describe the dynamic behaviour of the systems and to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Optimal meter placement for pipe burst detection in water distribution systems

    Pipe bursts in water distribution systems (WDS) must be rapidly detected to minimize the loss of system functionality and recovery time. Pipe burst is the most common failure in WDS. It results in water loss out of the system, increased head losses, and low pressure at the customers' taps. Therefore, effective and efficient detection of pipe bursts can improve system resilience. To this end, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Pipe roughness calibration in water distribution systems using grey numbers

    This paper presents a procedure based on the use of grey numbers for the calibration (with uncertainty) of pipe roughness in water distribution systems. The pipe roughness uncertainty is represented through the grey number amplitude (or interval). The procedure is of a wholly general nature and can be applied for the calibration (with uncertainty) of other parameters or quantities, such as nodal ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Preventing & Thawing Frozen Pipes

    A “how-to” guide on preventing and thawing frozen pipes. As temperatures drop below freezing around the country, it’s important to be informed of the cold weather’s effect on your water pipes. When temperatures are below freezing, pipes in unheated areas are subject to freezing causing messy, and often expensive issues. Just one burst pipe running at 4-8 ...


    By WaterSignal

  • Geostatistical techniques for approximate location of pipe burst events in water distribution systems

    This paper focusses on the customisation and further enhancement of the recently developed data-driven methodology for the automated near real-time detection of pipe bursts and other (e.g. sensor faults) events at the district metered area (DMA) level. Assuming the availability of pressure/flow data from an increased number of sensors deployed in a DMA, the aim is to: (i) overcome the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Risk management for water supply pipes

    In this paper, the risk of water supply systems as a combination of hydraulic analyses (consequence) and failure probability of pipelines based on the actual condition is discussed. On the one hand, a stepwise closing of pipelines calculates the influence on customer's supply which represents the importance of a pipe. On the other hand, based on existing failure statistics, age and material ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Installing and Gluing Flexible PVC Pipe

    Installing and Gluing PVC Flexible (Flex) Pipe In order to get a proper bond and create a full, permanent seal when installing PVC Flex Pipe we have several suggestions. If you abide by these simple instructions you can minimize problems, leaks, and system failures! Ensure the pipe is clean and dry. Wipe away any dirt or dust and water. Use a PVC Primer on the ...


    By Red Flag Products

  • Leak behaviour in pressurized PVC pipes

    The correct definition of the leak law, i.e. the relationship between the leak outflow, the total head at the leak and other relevant parameters such as the pipe material, can seriously affect the accuracy of the numerical models used for the management of water distribution systems, either if they are used to forecast the leakage reduction by pressure management or to locate and size the leaks ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Feedwater pipe thinning - Case study

    Purpose Advise owners and operators to inspect and test intermediate temperature feedwater piping for internal wall thinning. Problem While not common, pipe wall thinning has been found in areas of turbulent flow in feedwater piping at intermediate temperatures. In at least one case, severe wall thinning to failure occurred downstream of a feedwater chemical ...


    By Dürr Megtec LLC

  • Improving the rapidity of responses to pipe burst in water distribution systems: a comparison of statistical process control methods

    A pipe burst is a major water distribution system failure. Water escapes the network through the break increasing the total flow entering the network. These higher flows, in turn, increase the head losses in pipes and result in lower water pressures at customer taps. This study focuses on burst detection by seeking to identify anomalies in net system demand, pipe flow rates, and nodal pressure ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Economic Model for Prioritizing Pipe Replacement Programs

    INTRODUCTION The condition of public infrastructure has become a common story in the United States media. Numerous newspaper, magazine, and television reports have described the need to upgrade the nation’s aging infrastructure. Estimated costs for these upgrades are staggering, typically in the hundreds of billions if not trillions of dollars. Despite these high estimates, there is no unified ...


    By Weston Solutions, Inc

  • Robot Device for Pipe Inspection - Case Study

    In 2005, Pure Technologies (Pure), a provider of various structural monitoring and leak-detection technologies, set about to develop a pipeline assessment tool that could monitor and report on the condition of pre-stressed concrete cylinder pipes (PCCP) utilized in municipal water and sewer systems. The tool’s competitive advantage would be accurate assessment decoupled from the need to ...

  • Development of a sealing material and robot for automatic socket rehabilitation of grey cast iron pipes in drinking water supply systems

    The project DeWaLoP, led by Vienna Water, aims to develop a robot that is able to apply a sealing system to repair the joint sockets of pressure operating water pipes measuring about 1 m in diameter. To do this, a modification of the sealing material for inner surface application will be developed and a complex robot system will be designed to perform various tasks, such as inspecting, cleaning ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Experimental characterization of PVC-O pipes for transient modeling

    The increasing use of plastic materials has modified several aspects of design and management of water distribution systems. With reference to the numerical modeling of transients, the definition of a correct rheological model of the pipe material is receiving an increasing interest. In this paper the behavior of the molecularly oriented polyvinyl chloride (PVC-O) pipes during transients is ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • How to Repair Pipes Quickly with Minimal Service Disruption

    If this has not yet happened to you, it will. The time is 5:30 a.m. and your guests are just beginning to wake when you get an emergency call informing you that a pipe has sprung a leak. What are your options? Will you shut down the water for a few hours, leaving your guests without water to brush their teeth, take their showers, or flush the commodes while you cut out and replace the bad ...


    By InduMar Products, Inc.

  • Equivalent hydraulic resistance to simulate pipes subject to diffuse outflows

    In water distribution network simulation models, pipes subject to diffuse outflow, either due to connections or to distributed demand or to leaks along their length, are generally converted into pipe elements only subject to lumped demand at their ending nodes. This approximation, which disregards the flow variation along the pipes, generates a loss of axial momentum, which is not correctly taken ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Influence of porous media on intrusion rate into water distribution pipes

    Untreated water can intrude into water distribution systems through pipe leaks and cracks when negative pressure events occur inside drinking water pipelines. The orifice equation is typically used for calculation of intrusion flow rate, which ignores the impact of the soil surrounding the pipeline. This paper presents the results of an experimental study on the effect of porous ...


    By IWA Publishing

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