Water Loss Articles

  • RCBWG Releases Summary of Best Practices Survey on Engaging Faith Communities

    SCB's Religion and Conservation Biology Working Group (RCBWG) released a summary of the its Best Practices Survey of SCB members on engaging faith communities. Conducted on behalf of RCBWG from May 31-September 10, the results of this survey underscore the benefits to conserving biological diversity when ...

  • Utilizing analytic hierarchy process (AHP) for decision making in water loss management of intermittent water supply systems

    Increasing water demands, in parallel with water scarcity, force water utilities in developing countries to follow complex operation techniques for the distribution of the available amounts of water. The reduction of water losses from water supply systems can help fill the gap between supply and demand. This strategy is characterized by the variety of options, and identification of the most ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Assessment of water loss in Harare, Zimbabwe

    A major challenge facing water utilities is the high level of water losses, which affects the financial viability and adequacy of water in the system. A study was carried out from January to May 2012 to characterize water losses in selected areas of Harare, Zimbabwe. Assessment of the contribution of water leakage to total water loss was carried out through water audits in four selected ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water Loss management will be critical to climate change adaptation

    Water loss management is one of the most important issues facing water suppliers around the world. The Sustainable Development Goals have made poverty alleviation and access to safe drinking water a political priority. Targets on providing safe drinking water as a basic human right aim to ensure everyone can access a safe water supply. Unfortunately, the reality is that many of the most ...

  • Investigating the management of unaccounted for water for Lilongwe Water Board, Malawi

    Lilongwe Water Board (LWB) is currently unable to meet Lilongwe City's water demand as evidenced by low supply coverage (65%) and intermittent water supply in the city. One of the major challenges is high levels of unaccounted for water (UFW) reported at 37% (2012), higher than the recommended 23% for developing countries. This study, done in Lilongwe City (Areas 15, 18 and 28), investigated ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • New indices for reliability assessment of water distribution networks

    This paper presents new indices to evaluate the reliability of water distribution networks (WDNs) usable in the design, planning and management of these networks. Since the pressure-driven analysis (PDA) of WDNs produces more accurate results than the demand-driven analysis, the new indices are proposed based on the PDA. In the proposed measures, nodal pressures, nodal available discharges and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Assessment of marine ecosystem services indicators: Experiences and lessons learned from 14 European case studies

    This paper shares the experiences, observations and discussions that occurred during the completing of an ecosystem services' (ES) indicator framework to be used at European Union and Member States' level. The experience base was drawn from three European research projects and 14 associated case study sites that include 13 transitional‐water bodies (specifically 8 coastal lagoons, 4 riverine ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Melaka Gets Tough on Non Revenue Water Loss and Claims Two Awards

    Melaka is a relatively small state on the southwest side of the Malay Peninsula with a city so rich in history and beauty that it is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage site. With a population around 850,000, the Melaka Water Company Ltd. (SAMB) manages roughly 270,000 service connections for commercial and residential customers. In 2008 the city embarked on an aggressive plan to upgrade ...


    By Singer Valve Inc.

  • Using the Bayesian Network Relative Risk Model risk assessment process to evaluate management alternatives for the South River and upper Shenandoah River, Virginia

    We have conducted a series of regional scale risk assessments using the Bayesian Network Relative Risk Model (BN‐RRM) to evaluate the efficacy of two remediation options in the reduction of risks to the South River and upper Shenandoah River study area. The two remediation options considered by South River managers were (1) the implementation of best management practices for agriculture ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Reduction in water losses in water distribution systems using pressure reduction valves

    Water loss is a phenomenon frequently observed within water distribution systems (WDSs), that is considerably worsened by an excessive pressure throughout the network. As an alternative option to pipe replacement, the use of pumps working as turbines, throttle control valves (TCVs), or pressure reduction valves (PRVs) can be used to reduce leakage. For a preassigned number of these devices, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Assessing the impact of arid area urbanization on flash floods using GIS, remote sensing, and HEC-HMS rainfall–runoff modeling

    This study uses an integrated approach, bringing together geographic information system (GIS), remote sensing, and rainfall–runoff modeling, to assess the urbanization impact on flash floods in arid areas. Runoff modeling was carried out as a function of the catchment characteristics and the maximum daily rainfall parameters. Land-use types were extracted from the supervised classification of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Drought policy in Mexico: a long, slow march toward an integrated and preventive management model

    Mexico is exposed to droughts and vulnerable to their impacts. Despite a history of serious economic and social consequences from drought, until recently national water policy did not acknowledge this type of natural disaster as a priority issue. This paper analyses how drought policy in Mexico has evolved since the creation of the National Water Commission in 1989 up to 2013, when the most ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Reaching economic leakage level through pressure management

    High non-revenue water (NRW) values as a percentage of system input volume form a serious problem that many water utilities worldwide have to confront nowadays. There are ways to mitigate the effect by adopting strategies with short- and long-term results. Water pressure management (PM) is one of the most efficient and effective NRW reduction strategies. To calculate pressure management of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A procedure for assessing the impacts of land-cover change on soil erosion at basin scale

    Accelerated soil erosion is an undesirable process that adversely affects the conservation of water and soil. This paper used a procedure linking the Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation (RUSLE) and geographic information system (GIS) to map the soil erosion level from 1990 to 2010 caused by land-cover change in the Dongjiang River basin, China. Results indicate that the significant land-cover ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The Wyoming Association Of Risk Management (WARM) - Case Study

    The Wyoming Association Of Risk Management (Warm) is a self-funded risk retention pool created in 1986 by several cities and counties when private insurance markets were no longer available to local governments. The Pool originally formed out of the need to cover liability exposures and has since expanded to provide property coverage. Today these programs offer Wyoming public entities excellent ...


    By FirstNet Learning, Inc.

  • A model to simulate leakage through joints in water distribution systems

    The water loss is a phenomenon frequently observed within water distribution systems. A considerable part of water losses occurs either because of the incorrect assembly of joints or because of the fatigue and ageing of the material used to ensure a watertight seal. Moreover, such a leakage is very difficult to detect and to assess. In this work, we present a novel formulation for modelling the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Automated determination and evaluation of water losses in water distribution systems

    Using conventional methods and tools for determining detailed zonal water balances and performance indicators involves considerable efforts in manual data collection and processing. Hence, water balances mostly are determined for a whole network only. Unmetered components are often neglected or based on rough estimates. This article presents an approach to the automated determination of zonal ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Detecting leaks through AMR data analysis

    Automatic meter reading (AMR) provides real-time consumption data, enabling to collect a huge amount of information about daily, even hourly, consumptions. It is then easy to assess lost volumes on the network, using supplied volumes information. However, because of the multiple components of water losses, the metering and calculation inaccuracies, the occurrence of new (detectable) leaks is ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Unique Steam Traps in Petrochem - Case Study

    Engen’s refinery in Durban, South Africa was approached by Delta Steam Systems in 2012 with a proposal to replace all steam traps in the refinery. With a nameplate capacity of 135,000 barrels per day, the refinery produces approximately 40 tons of product per hour, totaling 320,000 liters per day. When first approached by Delta ...


    By Delta Steam Systems

  • Tackling Non-Revenue Water by Identifying Small Leaks

    Small leaks sink big ships – the same can be said for large-diameter pipes in utility networks. While large leaks or ruptures are seen as newsworthy stories accompanied by images of water flowing down the streets; smaller leaks can often be more devastating. Left undetected, they can add up over time, contributing significantly to ...


    By Pure Technologies

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