Water Reservoirs Articles

  • The rehabilitation of 43 year old waste lagoons

    In 1967 the City of Concordia, MO built a segmented lagoon system to handle the small town’s waste requirements. The main industry in Concordia is a Tyson renderings plant, and the lagoon system was designed to also handle that plant’s final waste and water polishing requirements. The lagoon system was a relatively standard design, consisting of an 18.7 acre primary lagoon, a 5.6 acre ...


    By Reliant Water Technologies

  • Water mixing in waste lagoons

    Man-made lagoons have been used worldwide for the treatment of domestic and industrial wastewater, it seems, forever. All waste lagoons were first designed and thoughtfully planned considering their locations, soil makeup, and waste reduction processes prior to being implemented. The biological process of organic waste reduction is always a consideration of waste lagoon designs. There are three ...


    By Reliant Water Technologies

  • The elimination of fecal coliforms and e. coli in lagoons

    Many horse racetracks throughout the world are designed to drain water from the track into a lagoon that is located in the infield of the track. Due to the track being predominantly used for horse racing, there is a high amount of fecal coliform, especially of the Escherichia coli species, bacteria in the water that drains from the track. During the racing season, fecal coliform and E. coli ...


    By Reliant Water Technologies

  • Revitalizing a hog waste lagoon

    A North Carolina hog grower with a brood barn of 200 full grown sows contacted Reliant Water Technologies to see if we could assist him with one of his waste lagoons. All of his lagoons were identical, measuring only .05 acres in size, and designed to be 8 feet deep. When we arrived at the farm all of the lagoons looked like the one in Figure 1. The lagoon that he chose for us to work with was ...


    By Reliant Water Technologies

  • Eliminating sludge islands in your wastewater lagoon

    Old municipal and industrial wastewater lagoons have the tendency to build islands of sludge at various locations around the lagoon. It is most common for older lagoons to build such islands wherever wastewater enters the lagoons. Of course, this is because the solids entering the lagoon have enough weight to fall out of the water as flow velocity is reduced, so the solids pile up just after ...


    By Reliant Water Technologies

  • Air Sentry Desiccant Breathers

    Enluse B.V. is  supplier of Air Sentry® breathers that increase efficiency, prolong fluid life, reduce maintenance costs and downtime.  In a series of 4 we’ll discuss successively: ·         ...


    By Enluse B.V.

  • Improving Winery Lagoon Performance, Sludge Removal & Efficiency - Case Study

    Overview A winery in California faced the challenge of optimizing and treating their wastewater pond in a sustainable manner. The winery had brush rotors frequently breaking down, which were very difficult and time consuming to repair. They were seeking a more reliable option. Aeration Industries International provided that solution in more ways than one. ...

  • Automatic control valves: how to assess ACV applications

    As automation and computers claimed a foothold in the operation and control of reservoirs and elevated water tanks, the industry moved the valve control from mechanical automatic control valves (ACV) to actuated butterfly and ball valves. The primary reason? Actuators can be controlled by SCADA systems, which have been almost ...


    By Singer Valve Inc.

  • Case study - Reservoir Aabach Germany - Continuous monitoring of contact pressure

    With a total volume of approximately 20 million cubic meters of water and a length of 450 meters, the reservoir supplies drinking water for 200.000 people in the area and fulfils also an important  function in the flood protection there. With the new monitoring solution it was possible to reduce the workload and cost for collecting, reading out and transmitting of data significantly. An ...

  • Importance of Inspecting Reservoirs

    Inspecting Reservoirs – what is the importance of them, why they are inspected, and how ROVs help pave the way for low-cost, regular maintenance. What is a Reservoir? Deriving from the French word réservoir meaning “storehouse,” a reservoir is exactly that – a storage place for water. More often than not, these bodies of water are ...


    By Deep Trekker Inc.

  • Flora Digital prints with Renishaw`s optical encoders - Case Study

    Background What is the maximum resolution of the human eye? There are a number of factors that influence this including viewing distance, lighting conditions and eye health. In general a healthy human eye has a maximum resolution of 350 DPI or 73 µm (1 arc min) at the normal reading distance (250 mm). Irrespective of future breakthroughs in printing technology, there ...


    By Renishaw plc

  • Case study - Mazzei aeration system solves lagoon odors and high maintenance problems

    The Problem: A large vegetable processing facility was experiencing problems with its lagoon surface aerators. The company’s treatment process includes a collection and screening assembly, two anaerobic stabilization ponds and a 40 million gallon aerated lagoon. The aeration lagoon is used for BOD reduction and polishing before the water is discharged to a near-by creek. Several surface ...

  • Hart`s E&P: Smart drillpipe technologies for the driller’s toolbox

    Advances in technology boost successful development of new LWD and drilling technology offshore the Norwegian Continental Shelf. Wired drillpipe (WDP) technology was implemented on a multiple-well project located offshore the Norwegian Continental Shelf. The operator’s main objective was to drill each well as cost-effectively as possible while making sure that the wellbore placement ...


    By Baker Hughes

  • Case study - Floating covers reduce TSS, improve chlorine disinfection

    Problem: Algae and ultraviolet (UV) rays were adversely affecting chlorination in an upstate New York reservoir and Southern Florida WWTF. Algae was shielding embedded bacteria from chlorine, making the bacteriacide ineffective, thus requiring the chlorine dosage to be increased. Algae increased the chlorine demand along with exposure to UV which dissipates un-stabilized chlorine. Both ...

  • A WebGIS-based flood control management system for small reservoirs: a case study in the lower reaches of the Yangtze River

    Small reservoirs are important to flood control and water resource utilization in local areas. This study proposes a WebGIS-based flood control management system to support the flood discharge of small reservoirs during intensive rainfall in the flood season. The agile software development method and a loosely coupled structure are used to combine multidisciplinary knowledge from different ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Algae Control in Lakes and Reservoirs

    There are plenty of harmful algal bloom related cases worldwide but what is evident is that their number elevates with each year. Excessive cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) and green algae growth in a water reservoir can have negative consequences for the water quality. The water turns green, sand filters can clog, and some algae can produce geosmins and MIB, giving the water an ...


    By LG Sonic

  • A PSO approach for optimum design of dynamic inversion controller in water distribution systems

    Water distribution systems have become immensely complex due to ever increasing water demand and sporadic availability of water at the sources. Generally, water management issues are handled through human intervention, which naturally leads to incompetent trial and error procedures. Moreover, the non-linear system dynamics and sequential pumping operations involved in the water distribution ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Nutrient enrichment and vertical mixing mediate 2-methylisoborneol and geosmin concentrations in a drinking water reservoir

    Few ecosystem-level studies have experimentally determined the physicochemical and biological factors that mediate concentrations of off-flavor compounds in drinking water reservoirs. Consequently, the watershed-scale mechanisms determining production of these compounds are still poorly understood. In a recent study, the addition of both nitrogen and phosphorus significantly increased ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • An integrated model for simulating and diagnosing the water quality based on the system dynamics and Bayesian network

    An integrated model for simulating and diagnosing water quality based on the system dynamics and Bayesian network (BN) is presented in the paper. The research aims to connect water monitoring downstream with outlet management upstream in order to present an efficiency outlet management strategy. The integrated model was built from two components: the system dynamics were used to simulate the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Town Branch WWTP Controls Odors with Modular Covers

    The Customer: The Town Branch Wastewater Treatment Plant located in Lexington, Kentucky, USA, serves a population of 130,000—about 60 percent of Lexington-Fayette County. The plant began operating in 1919, and currently treats almost 11 billion gallons of wastewater annually. The Customer’s Needs: The Town Branch Wastewater Treatment Plant ...

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