deep ocean Books

  • Island, Ocean and Deep-Sea Biology

    The 34th European Marine Biology Symposium was held in Ponta Delgada, The Azores, between 13th and 17th September 1999. It was organised by the University of the Azores in association with the Municipal Museum of Funchal (Madeira), and the Plymouth Environment Research Centre (University of Plymouth, UK). The selected topics, dictated by the ...

  • Ocean-Atmosphere Interactions

    This book presents an up-to-date analysis of ocean-atmosphere interaction. Well known experts examine diverse subjects such as ocean surface waves, air-sea exchange processes, ocean surface mixed layer, water-mass formation, as well as general circulation of the oceans, El Nino and Southern Oscillation (ENSO), and the deep-ocean circulation. Other ...

  • Ocean Circulation Theory

    This book describes the advances made in the last decade and a half in the theory of ocean circulation. Based on an advanced graduate level course it represents fundamental insights into the structure of the physical theory of the large-scale dynamics of the oceans. Topics of particular interest are: theory of the wind-driven circulation, the ...

  • Extreme Ocean Waves

    Extreme, freak or rogue waves are produced by a number of physical mechanisms that focus the water-wave energy into a small area, due to wave instability, chaotic behaviour, dispersion (frequency modulation), refraction (presence of variable currents or bottom topography), soliton interactions, etc. During the past thirty years a number of ...

  • Materials Performance and the Deep Sea

    The Symposium on Materials Performance and the Deep Sea was presented during the Seventy-first Annual Meeting of the Society held in San Francisco, Calif., 23—29 June 1968. The symposium was sponsored by Committees G01 on Corrosion of Metals and G03 on Deterioration of Nonmetallic Materials in cooperation with the Marine Technology Society, ...

  • Deep-water Coral Reefs

    Deep-water coral reefs are found along large sections of the outer continental shelves and slopes of Europe, from North Cape to the Gulf of Cadiz, and because they also occur along the Atlantic seaboard of USA, the Gulf of Mexico, off Brazil, in the Mediterranean, and off New Zealand, they are currently being targeted by international groups of ...

  • Ecosystems and biodiversity in deep waters and high seas

    This report reveals recent discoveries about the beauty, value and vulnerability of life in the deep seas and in the open ocean. It explores what these astonishing findings mean for current oceans governance, what the impacts are of present and potential human activities, and what can be done to promote effective and sustainable management of the ...

  • The Organic Carbon Cycle in the Arctic Ocean

    To understand the global oceanic carbon budget and related climate change, exact measurements of organic carbon flux in all oceans environments, especially the continental margins, are crucial. In fact, data have been available for some time on organic carbon sources, pathways, and burial for most of the world’s oceans, with the notable exception ...

  • Deep-Sea Food Chains and the Global Carbon Cycle

    Carbon dioxide and other 'greenhouse' gases are increasing in the atmosphere due to the burning of fossil fuels, the destruction of rain forests, etc., leading to predictions of a gradual global warming which will perturb the global biosphere. An important process which counters this trend toward potential climate change is the removal of ...

  • Ocean Processes in Climate Dynamics: Global and Mediterranean Examples

    One of the most crucial but still very poorly understood topics of oceanographic science is the role of ocean processes in contributing to the dynamics of climate and global change. This book presents a series of high level lectures on the major categories of ocean/atmosphere processes. Three of these major issues are the focus of the ...

  • High seas bottom trawl fisheries and their impacts on the biodiversity of vulnerable deep-sea ecosystems : options for international action

    The deep ocean is increasingly recognized as a major global reservoir of the Earth’s biodiversity, although but a small fraction of the oceans’ ecosystems found at depths below 200 meters have been studied. This report presents findings on the current extent, location and value of high seas bottom trawl fisheries worldwide and the countries ...

  • Deep-sea biodiversity and ecosystems: A scoping report on their socio-economy, management and governance. UNEP-WCMC Biodiversity Series No. 28

    This report was produced in close collaboration with scientists and experts under HERMES (Hotspot Ecosystem Research on the Margins of European Seas), a large, interdisciplinary deep-sea research project supported by the European Commissio's Framework Six Programme. The aim of HERMES is to understand better the biodiversity, structure, function ...

  • Trends in oceanic captures and clustering of large marine ecosystems. Two studies based on the FAO capture database (En)

    Series: FAO Fisheries Technical PapersSpecies items reported in the FAO capture fisheries production database have been classified as oceanic or living on the continental shelves. A preliminary work on the re-arrangement of FAO capture data into large marine ecosystems' (LME) borders was prepared in 1999. In the meantime, following a study funded ...

  • Seabed Fluid Flow

    Seabed fluid flow involves the flow of gases and liquids through the sea bed. Such fluids have been found to leak through the seabed into the marine environment in seas and oceans around the world - from the coasts to deep ocean trenches. This geological phenomenon has widespread implications for the sub-seabed, seabed, and marine environments. ...

  • Frontiers of Climate Modeling

    The physics and dynamics of the atmosphere and atmosphere-ocean interactions provide the foundation of modern climate models, upon which our understanding of the chemistry and biology of ocean and land surface processes are built. Frontiers of Climate Modeling captures modern developments in modeling the atmosphere, and their implications for our ...

  • Rotating Hydraulics

    The theory of rotating hydraulics is important in the study of certain types of swift oceanic and atmospheric flows. Applications include overflows in deep ocean passages such as the Faroe-Bank Channel, shallow exchange flows gaps such as the Strait of Gibraltar, and atmospheric flows such as in the California amarine layer and jet stream. Despite ...

  • Jan Mayen Island in Scientific Focus

    Jan Mayen is a volcanic island surrounded by the deep Greenland, Iceland and Norwegian Seas. There, atmospheric and oceanic processes unleash potential energy that forces very dynamic interactions between sea and air. This unique geophysical focal point generates climatic variability in northern Europe, and supports marine biological production ...

  • Jan Mayen Island in Scientific Focus

    Jan Mayen is a volcanic island surrounded by the deep Greenland, Iceland and Norwegian Seas. There, atmospheric and oceanic processes unleash potential energy that forces very dynamic interactions between sea and air. This unique geophysical focal point generates climatic variability in northern Europe, and supports marine biological production ...

  • Remote Sensing of the European Seas

    The enclosed and marginal seas surrounding the European continent exhibit a wide spectrum of environmental traits, ranging from sub-polar to sub-tropical climates, from shallow continental shelves to deep oceanic basins, from pristine marine reserves to regions impacted by countless economic and recreational activities. Understanding the inner ...

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