Water Scarcity Articles

  • Water Crisis Looms in Lima, Peru

    Citizens face inequality in access to clean, affordable water as infrastructure upgrades are planned The 10 million residents of Peru’s capital city of Lima are at constant risk of water shortage, and water stress is predicted to become critical by 2025. Lima is the world’s second-largest desert city, receiving ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Measuring Water Stress

    However it’s measured, water insufficiency affects billions around the world ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • What Is Water Scarcity?

    Whether it’s from drought or lack of access, more than a billion people around the world don’t have enough clean water ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Groundwater depletion compounds China’s water scarcity

    Continued population growth and urbanization are causing problems throughout China. Analysts say groundwater depletion is one of them. Unrestrained water extraction is compounding water scarcity as demand grows. The nation is experiencing “a massive water crisis,” according to CNN. Tackling the issue will require “political will and creative policy thinking,” as well ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Simulation of water scarcity in a leap-forward developing arid region: a system dynamics model of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region

    The leap-forward development policy emphasizes water resource scarcity. Given the importance of water resources to an economy, especially in arid areas, this paper explores various management strategies that could be used in the semi-arid region of Xinjiang to increase the effectiveness and efficiency of multifunctional water projects and support sustainable ‘leap-forward’ economic growth. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Bridging Mediterranean cultures in the International Year of Soils 2015: a documentary exhibition on irrigation techniques in water scarcity conditions

    The paper presents the activity performed at the University of Brescia by students and researchers, belonging to different Mediterranean cultures and different disciplines, to prepare a documentary exhibition on irrigation techniques in water scarcity conditions, on the occasion of the International Year of Soils 2015. Traditional irrigation techniques were identified as a key aspect of soil ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Namibia increases reliance on recycled wastewater as water scarcity grows

    Namibia, an arid country in southern Africa, is plagued by drought and water scarcity. But, it’s also a country that continues to make progress in wastewater recycling after becoming an early adopter of the technology. The city of Windhoek’s Goreangab wastewater treatment plant is considered a pioneering facility in water reclamation. First constructed in 1968, the plant not only ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Growing Syrian water shortage affects 4 million in war-torn Damascus

    Although civil war has affected millions across Syria, the latest crisis facing the nation’s capital is a lack of water. As late 2016 turned into a new year, it seemed unlikely the situation could be resolved. As of January 3, approximately 4 million residents of Damascus had had their water supplies cut for more than a week. Two springs — at Wadi Barada and Ain al-Fija — serve ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • The role of proximity in problem identification: risk of water scarcity in Texas

    This project seeks to determine whether proximity to major water sources (e.g. rivers or lakes) is associated with the public's perception of water scarcity. From a theoretical perspective, this project will aid our collective understanding of problem identification. From a practical perspective, this relationship could help inform decision makers about where support or resistance to a water ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water markets can support an improved water future

    Fresh water touches every part of daily life – from drinking water and sanitation, to agriculture and energy production. Unfortunately, for nearly half of the world’s population, water scarcity is a growing issue with devastating impacts to our communities, economies and nature. In the past, countries have primarily turned to more supply-side infrastructure, including reservoirs and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Leveraging the capacity of the informal water sector workforce

    The global shortage of skilled professionals in the water sector is a major industry challenge, particularly in an era of growing water scarcity and increasing demand for water from agriculture, industry and domestic consumption. As utilities move to improve their performance in water service delivery, to meet the demands of both consumers and sustainable development, a fit for purpose workforce ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Assessing the promotion of urine-diverting dry toilets through school-based demonstration facilities in Kalisizo, Uganda

    Urine-diverting dry toilets (UDDTs) are designed to recover nutrients and organic matter from human excreta for agricultural reuse. Their wider implementation could help address problems in areas where water scarcity limits coverage of sanitation systems and declining soil fertility jeopardizes nutritional security. Demonstration facilities can improve stakeholders’ views of UDDTs; however, it ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A critical review of groundwater utilization and management in China's inland water shortage areas

    Groundwater, as an important store of freshwater, plays a more critical role in sustaining the ecosystem and enhancing human adaptation to changing climate than surface water. In particular, it can store large volumes of water to naturally buffer the pressure of water shortage against seasonal changes in rainfall. However, groundwater itself is also vulnerable to climate change, showing a ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The temporal–spatial assessment of water scarcity with the Water Poverty Index: a study in the middle basin of the Heihe River, northwest China

    This paper details an application of the Water Poverty Index (WPI) to evaluate the state of water resources in an inland river basin using a case study of the Heihe River Basin (HRB) located in northwest China. The WPI includes five components (resources, access, capacity, use, and environment) and has 13 indicators; each indicator is assigned an equal weighting. The selected set of components ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Drought management policies in Spain and the European Union: from traditional emergency actions to Drought Management Plans

    Droughts are current challenges to the economic, social and environmental development of a region, as reflected in European Union (EU) water policies. In addition, the impacts of droughts can be aggravated by climate change effects, adding pressure to already water stressed areas in the EU. This paper presents a general overview of drought management policies in the EU and in Spain. The paper ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Drought management policies – from global collaboration to national action

    The article provides an overview of the development of national drought management policies (NDMP). It explores collaborative efforts that were started at the High-level Meeting on National Drought Policy – whose declaration provides the backdrop to this article – and are implemented through the World Meteorological Organization (WMO)/Global Water Partnership (GWP) Integrated Drought ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water policy at science–policy interface – challenges and opportunities for India

    Water scarcity is a serious concern in emerging economies, as it impacts human development, livelihoods, environment and economic growth. Policies should be formulated in a way that reflects the problem of water scarcity and is oriented towards providing solutions. The science–policy interface can play a key role in translating scientific knowledge into policy action and in mitigating water ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Evaluation of water demand and supply in the south of Iraq

    This paper presents results from the first study that focuses on water resources availability and demand for different purposes in the four oil-rich provinces of southern Iraq. The region accounts for 23% of the surface area and 18% of the country's population, but holds 88% of its oil. A water shortage of 430 Mm3/year for 2010 is estimated for this region where irrigation accounts for 81% of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The electricity–water nexus: is a crisis imminent?

    Several recent studies have warned that there will be widespread water shortages in many regions of the USA in the near future largely because of high demand for water in the production of electricity. This study reviews studies addressing electricity generation and water availability and concludes that electricity production is not likely to lead to water shortages in most regions for several ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water Woes — And Winners

    Businesses can barely use the word “water” today without also adding “risk,” “crisis,” “shortage” or another similarly miserable modifier. With a 40 percent shortfall predicted by 2030, it’s no wonder the World Economic Forum has pegged ...


    By Ensia

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