drinking water supply Articles

  • Homeland Security for Drinking Water Supplies

    As it has done with other jurisdictions, Congress has recently passed legislation aimed at protecting our nation's drinking water resources. Historically, water supply protection has been a high priority, including reservoir protection, continuous monitoring, and secure and redundant facilities to ensure an uninterrupted supply of drinking water. The Clean Water Act (1972), requires pollution ...


    By AECOM

  • Removing Chloramines from Drinking Water Supplies

    Historically, most public water supplies have been treated with chlorine to satisfy the standards set by the Safe Drinking Water Act of 1974. Since being established, there is reason to believe that the standards may be too lenient on the allowable contaminant levels in our drinking water. For instance, chlorine and other disinfectants react with organic matter creating ...


    By General Carbon Corporation

  • Lead in Drinking Water for small supply systems

    The problem of lead in drinking water is most-publicized for the larger water supply systems of Cities and Towns, particularly the older districts, where lead piping was often used to connect houses to a municipal water supply system and for internal plumbing, unto the early 1980s (generally). The problem is more closely associated with the longer established industrialized and urbanized ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Return of drinking water supply in Paris to public control

    The ‘reclaiming’ by Paris of its water back into public hands is a paradox in the homeland of transnational water companies and at a time when the European Commission rather favours the liberalisation of public services ‘of general economic interest’. Yet what has happened is more complex. A quick historical review of management formulas in Europe reveals both the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Private sector involvement in drinking water supply in Ghana

    Two approaches by Private Sector Involvement (PSI) in drinking water supply are followed in Ghana. In the urban areas the public utility (Ghana Water Company Limited) now has private sector management via a management contract, whereas in the small towns and rural areas the responsibility for water services is decentralised. The District Assemblies use the Community Water and Sanitation Agency ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Assessment of rainwater harvesting for drinking water supply in Bangladesh

    Rainwater harvesting is a potential option of water supply to the coastal and arsenic affected rural communities in Bangladesh and during the last few years, several projects were undertaken to promote and install various types of rainwater harvesting systems by government organizations and NGOs mainly for drinking and cooking water supply. A study was undertaken to assess the currently practiced ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Spatial analysis of rural drinking water supply in China

    A spatial autocorrelation analysis method was employed to process the spatial change of rural water supply over the past 19 years in the People's Republic of China. Statistical analyses indicate great achievements in rural water supply construction. Two main indices describing rural drinking water supply status, the Rural Popularization Rate of Tap Water and the Rural Popularization Rate ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Managing water quality impacts from drought on drinking water supplies

    Droughts, which are difficult to predict, are a natural feature of the hydrology in most regions. Climate change, however, has the potential to increase the frequency and magnitude of future droughts. While the lack of water availability during droughts is widely publicized, there are equally severe water quality impacts that occur during and after droughts as well. Recent droughts have led to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Mechanisms of post-supply contamination of drinking water in Bagamoyo, Tanzania

    Access to household water connections remains low in sub-Saharan Africa, representing a public health concern. Previous studies have shown water stored in the home to be more contaminated than water at the source; however, the mechanisms of post-supply contamination remain unclear. Using water quality measurements and structured observations of households in Bagamoyo, Tanzania, this study ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Quantifying micro-organism removal for safe drinking water supplies

    Over the past ten years the management of microbiological drinking water quality in The Netherlands has shifted from curative administration toward a more preventative strategy. This shift in policy came as a result of the findings of reports from other developed countries which highlighted the risk from persistent pathogens such as Cryptosporidium, Giardia, some enteroviruses; and the pathogenic ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Volatile organic compounds in the nation’s ground water and drinking-water supply wells

    ABSTRACT Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are produced in large volumes and are associated with a myriad of products, such as plastics, adhesives, paints, gasoline, fumigants, refrigerants, and drycleaning fluids. Widespread and long-term use of VOCs and their ability to persist and migrate in ground water raise questions about possible adverse effects on the environment, including ...

  • Quantitative analysis of microbial contamination in private drinking water supply systems

    Over one million households rely on private water supplies (e.g. well, spring, cistern) in the Commonwealth of Virginia, USA. The present study tested 538 private wells and springs in 20 Virginia counties for total coliforms (TCs) and Escherichia coli along with a suite of chemical contaminants. A logistic regression analysis was used to investigate potential correlations between TC ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Securing safe drinking water supply under climate change conditions

    Water suppliers worldwide are challenged by climate variations, but so far only the qualitative change in boundary conditions has become clear but not yet the degree and impact on the water supply systems. Short-term quality changes in surface waters can, e.g. be caused by extreme rainfalls after dry periods. Longer heat periods without rain can induce middle-term quality changes in surface ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Microbiological assessment of private drinking water supplies in Co. Cork, Ireland

    The microbiological quality of 75 private drinking water supply boreholes in Co. Cork, Ireland was assessed in order to determine the incidence of contamination and the potential pathways of such contamination. Microbiological analysis was carried out using the membrane filtration technique for the recovery of thermotolerant (faecal) coliforms. The sanitary protection of the supplies was ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Bacteriological assessment of drinking water supply options in coastal areas of Bangladesh

    This study was conducted to assess the bacteriological quality of alternative drinking water supply options in southwest coastal areas of Bangladesh. A total of 90 water samples were collected during both dry and wet seasons from household based rainwater harvesting systems (RWHSs), community based rain water harvesting systems (CRWHSs), pond-sand filters (PSFs) and ponds. The samples were ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Surveillance of the chemical and microbial quality of drinking water for safe water supply in an urban area

    To ascertain the quality of drinking water, surveillance of drinking water quality was conducted in Bhopal. The water supply to water treatment plants (WTPs) is from Kolar dam and Upper Lake. There was no significant change in water quality at the Kolar WTP on a day-to-day basis except in summer, when the manganese content of raw water was 0.3–0.4 mg/L, which was removed during treatment. The ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Regulatory impacts on sustainable drinking water supply: a comparative study on Dutch water companies

    Regulatory changes have exerted deep impacts on public service provision. This paper aims to disentangle recent differences in the external production circumstances of Dutch regional water companies in order to identify the crucial regulatory factors influencing the supply of water to various users in the distribution area of the water company concerned. The analysis is carried out for various ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Drinking water application notes

    The Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) was passed in 1974 to protect the nation's public drinking water supply. The law allowed for the EPA to regulate the amount of certain contaminants that a body of water can contain. The Application Notes listed are designed to extract organic compounds in municipal drinking water for ...


    By Horizon Technology, Inc.

  • Are you drinking water that is contaminated?

    Why Distilled water by the experts  There is a huge need in the world for the purest water possible, to combat the high levels of pollutants and chemicals found in today's water supply. This can be provided by ...


    By Global CSP

  • Global costs and benefits of reaching universal coverage of sanitation and drinking-water supply

    Economic evidence on the cost and benefits of sanitation and drinking-water supply supports higher allocation of resources and selection of efficient and affordable interventions. The study aim is to estimate global and regional costs and benefits of sanitation and drinking-water supply interventions to meet the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) target in 2015, as well as to attain universal ...


    By IWA Publishing

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