water treatment model Articles

  • Optimisation of water treatment works performance using genetic algorithms

    Verified static and dynamic models of an operational works were used alongside Monte-Carlo conditions and non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm II (NGSAII) to optimise operational regimes. Static models were found to be more suitable for whole water treatment works optimisation modelling and offered the additional advantage of reduced computational burden. Static models were shown to predict ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Evaluation of model parameters for simulating TiO2 coated UV reactors

    A CFD-based model for simulating TiO2 coated photocatalytic reactors used in drinking water treatment applications was preliminarily evaluated. The model includes aspects of hydrodynamics, mass transfer, UV-radiation field, and surface chemical reactions. Appropriate models for each of the associated physicochemical phenomena were experimentally or analytically examined. Once defined and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Laboratory evaluation of a water-treatment sequence using Moringa oleifera seed coagulant

    A water extract of Moringa. oleifera seed was applied to a treatment sequence comprising coagulation-flocculation-sedimentation-sand filtration. Model waters (kaolinite suspensions) of turbidities 10, 100, 300 and 700 NTU were prepared. For the 10 NTU water, the optimum dose was only evident when sand filtration was incorporated into the treatment sequence. For the higher water turbidities ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Chemical feed control using coagulation computer models and a streaming current detector

    This paper describes the use of both the streaming current detector (SCD) and coagulation computer models to provide real-time data for required coagulant feed rates. The method for computer modeling of coagulation and other water treatment processes/operations was originally developed for Lake Michigan Filtration Plant in Grand Rapids, Michigan (MI). Since the initial implementation, a number ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Adsorption of Acid Yellow 99 onto DEDMA-sepiolite from aqueous solutions

    The adsorption of Acid Yellow 99 (AY99) onto dodecylethyldimethylammonium (DEDMA)-sepiolite was investigated in aqueous solution in a batch system with respect to pH, contact time and temperature. The surface modification of DEDMA-sepiolite was examined by the FTIR technique. The experimental data fitted very well with the pseudo-second-order kinetic model with the correlation coefficients above ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Evaluation of control strategies for drinking water treatment plants using a process model

    This research adds a method to evaluate control strategies to the design methodology for drinking water treatment plants. A process model dealing with parameters related to the calcium carbon dioxide equilibrium was set up. Using the process model, the existing control strategy was compared with a new control strategy and the effects of two different sets of input data were studied. It was ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • An assessment of static and dynamic models to predict water treatment works performance

    The relative accuracy of static and dynamic water treatment works (WTWs) models was examined. Case study data from an operational works were used to calibrate and verify these models. It was found that dynamic clarification, filtration and disinfection models were more accurate than static models at predicting the final water quality of an operational site but that the root mean square errors ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Simulation for Operation and Control of Reject Water Treatment Processes

    The recycled nutrient load of the reject water streams from solids handling is considerable, and can amount to 15-25% of the influent nitrogen load. A number of sidestream biological processes have been developed for treating the ammonia component of the reject water before returning it to the liquid train. This paper describes a plant-wide model that includes the reactions important in ...

  • Impacts of onsite greywater reuse on wastewater systems

    Together with significant water savings that onsite greywater reuse (GWR) may provide, it may also affect the performance of urban sewer systems and wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). In order to examine these effects, an integrated stochastic simulation system for GWR in urban areas was developed. The model includes stochastic generators of domestic wastewater streams and gross solids ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Canarina DESCAR software · waste water modeling · algorithms 2

    8.1 Buoyant Jet model A type of mathematical model that has been developed for sumerged round buoyant jets is the length-scale model.  Discharges flows can be divided into different regimes each dominated by particular flow properties. Within each regime, the flow may be approximated with simple mathematical relations describing the simplified problem. A model that uses ...

  • Research on raw water quality assessment oriented to drinking water treatment based on the SVM model

    Raw water quality variation has a great effect on drinking water treatment. To improve the adaptivity of drinking water treatment and stabilize the quality of treated water, a raw water quality assessment method, which is based upon the support vector machine (SVM), is developed in this study. Compared to existing raw water quality assessment methods, the assessment method studied herein is ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Good modelling practice in applying computational fluid dynamics for WWTP modelling

    Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modelling in the wastewater treatment (WWT) field is continuing to grow and be used to solve increasingly complex problems. However, the future of CFD models and their value to the wastewater field are a function of their proper application and knowledge of their limits. As has been established for other types of wastewater modelling (i.e. biokinetic models), ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The use of response surface methodology for modelling and analysis of water and wastewater treatment processes: a review

    In recent years, response surface methodology (RSM) has been used for modelling and optimising a variety of water and wastewater treatment processes. RSM is a collection of mathematical and statistical techniques for building models, evaluating the effects of several variables, and obtaining the values of process variables that produce desirable values of the response. This paper reviews the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Virus elimination in activated sludge systems: from batch tests to mathematical modeling

    A virus tool based on Activated Sludge Model No. 3 for modeling virus elimination in activated sludge systems was developed and calibrated with the results from laboratory-scale batch tests and from measurements in a municipal wastewater treatment plant (WWTP). The somatic coliphages were used as an indicator for human pathogenic enteric viruses. The extended model was used to simulate the virus ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Improvement of multi-parameter-based feed-forward coagulant dosing control systems with feed-back functionalities

    Coagulant dosing control in drinking and wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) is often limited to flow proportional concepts. The advanced multi-parameter-based dosing control systems have significantly reduced coagulant consumption and improved outlet qualities. Due to the long retention time in separation stages, these models are mostly based on feed-forward (FF) models. This paper ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Two-phase simulations of an off-nominally operating dissolved-air flotation tank

    The flow patterns of the contaminated water and the air bubbles inside a large-scale Dissolved Air Flotation (DAF) tank were examined using CFD modelling. The DAF tank was operating off-nominally in the sense that it was supplied with bubbles larger than originally designed for. Attention was drawn to the location for air injection and the effect of having more than one-size bubbles in the tank, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Diagnosis and optimization of WWTPs using the PWM library: full-scale experiences

    Given the shift in perception of wastewater treatment plants as water resource recovery facilities, conventional mathematical models need to be updated. The resource recovery perspective should be applied to new processes, technologies and plant layouts. The number and level of models proposed to date give an overview of the complexity of the new plant configurations and provides a wide range ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Advancement of chitosan-based adsorbents for enhanced and selective adsorption performance in water/wastewater treatment: review

    This paper gives an overview of the results obtained by various researchers in the treatment of various suspensions and solutions by using Chitosan as an adsorbent. Chitosan, a partially deacetylated polymer obtained from the alkaline deacetylation of chitin, extracted from shellfish has been reviewed for its application in water and wastewater. Chitosan exhibits a variety of physicochemical and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Metal ions biosorption from dilute aqueous solution

    Biosorption, using non-living biomass (mostly suspended), is briefly reviewed in this paper as applied to toxic metal ions removal, with particular focus on the kinetics and engineering considerations of the process. Several diverse kinetic models were successful in fitting the experimental data. Evidence was provided that the metal biosorption (on Aeromonas caviae biomass) is a complex process. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Orthophosphate removal from aqueous solutions using drinking-water treatment sludge

    Drinking-water treatment sludge (DWTS) is a by-product generated during the production of drinking water where iron hydroxides are the main component of the sludge. The aim of the study presented here was to determine the effectiveness of using ferric sludge from two underground water treatment stations to remove orthophosphates from a model solution. The analyses were performed in static ...


    By IWA Publishing

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