Zero-Discharge Articles

  • Impact of surface condition and roughness on sediment formation: an experimental sewer system operated with real wastewater

    Regular sewer cleaning in North Rhine-Westphalia (Germany) generates annual costs of around 50 million Euros. This leads to the question of whether and to what extent sewer cleaning is necessary. To determine the effect of roughness, sewer surface condition and discharge, experiments with real wastewater were performed, using a sewer test track with acrylic glass tubes (DN 300) prepared with ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • What Is Zero Liquid Discharge and How Does It Work?

    Not every industrial facility that produces wastewater will require zero liquid discharge (ZLD). It is usually looked to as a last resort because it can be a complex process that requires a high initial investment. If a facility is located on a site that has severe water scarcity issues and/or astronomical discharge fees, it might be ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • Synthesis of chitosan zero-valent iron nanoparticles-supported for cadmium removal: characterization, optimization and modeling approach

    Herein, chitosan (CS) impregnated with nanoparticles of zero-valent iron (NZVI) was fabricated onto a magnetic composite of CS@NZVI as an adsorbent for cadmium (Cd2+) removal from aqueous solution. The characteristics of CS@NZVI were analyzed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, CHONS and Brunauer, Emmett and Teller techniques. The ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Does your facility need Zero Liquid Discharge Technology?

    If your industrial facility discharges its waste into deep wells, streams, sewers to publicly owned treatment works (POTWs), and/or other waterways, it is likely there are some types of regulations on discharging the waste. With an increasing push toward environmental protection, many industrial facilities and effluent regulators are strengthening strategies to reduce industrial process waste. ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • Five common problems with zero liquid discharge and how to solve them

    As more and more facilities are turning to zero liquid discharge (ZLD) for wastewater treatment and effluent reduction—whether it’s to comply with local discharge regulations or recycle and reuse as much water as possible in your process—more information is becoming available about the possible issues your facility might face while using ZLD technology. Because of the scope of ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • Treating pharmaceutical wastewater - Case Study

    A pharmaceutical facility in the Caribbean had an existing wastewater treatment process that utilized a sequencing batch reactor (SBR). SBRs use large tanks to collect wastewater, then a number of different options can be employed to treat the water (such as chemicals addition, aeration and mixing). When an SBR aerobically breaks waste down, it can produce a high volume of air that needs to be ...


    By QED Environmental Systems

  • What are the best companies for Zero Liquid Discharge Equipment and Technology?

    With an increasing push for environmental protection, many industrial facilities and effluent regulators are making decisions that lessen their impact on the environment and human health. Changes and implementations are constantly being discussed and met both nationally and internationally to change the way industrial facilities discharge waste, and it is important to know which companies are the ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • How much will a zero liquid discharge system cost your facility?

    With increasing stewardship of environmental protection, both nationally and internationally, many industrial facilities and effluent regulators are strengthening strategies to reduce industrial process waste by implementing zero liquid discharge (ZLD), a process that limits liquid waste at the end of your industrial process to—as the term suggests—zero. A ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • Ten quotes from our customers about VACUDEST

    Many companies have opted to introduce a policy of zero liquid discharge production using our high-quality VACUDEST vacuum distillation systems. Users can reduce their consumption of fresh water – an increasingly dwindling resource – and significantly reduce their disposal costs by recycling their industrial wastewater. Read on to find out what our customers say about VACUDEST: Ovidio ...


    By H2O GmbH

  • Optimization of atmospheric air plasma for degradation of organic dyes in wastewater

    This study optimises the degradation of a cocktail of the dyes methyl orange and bromothymol blue by atmospheric air plasma. Response surface methodology (RSM) was employed to investigate the efficacy of the plasma process parameters on degradation efficiency. A Box–Behnken design (BBD) was employed to optimise the degradation of dyes by air plasma discharge. A second order polynomial equation ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The Composition of Antifreeze Washing Liquid for Windshields

    Using special fluid for cleaning a car windshield in the cold season is common for the vast majority of drivers. The popular name of this liquid is “antifreeze”. This product is in great demand with the onset of cold weather, when the temperature drops below zero. Antifreeze if often quite pricey, so many drivers are interested in the composition of this liquid and the possibility of ...


    By GlobeCore GmbH

  • Antifreeze Liquid Production: Start Your Own Business

    In some areas the cold period can last for up to eight months. Sub-zero temperatures are recorded even in October. This fact makes a small antifreeze production business quite promising. Why do we need non-freezing liquids? One important area of antifreeze liquid us is cleaning of car windscreens (windscreen cleaners). Another is cooling of the ...


    By GlobeCore GmbH

  • Antibiotic Production Wastewater Zero Liquid Discharge Of Disc Tube SUPER RO

    Project address: Inner Mongolia in China Inflow:6300 ton per day(the largest antibiotic wastewater zero discharge project in Asia) Acceptance time:1,2015 Process: UF+RO+SUPER RO+ ...


  • Phthalate degradation by glow discharge plasma enhanced with pyrite in aqueous solution

    In order to prevent health risk from potential exposures to phthalates, a glow discharge plasma (GDP) process was applied for phthalate degradation in aqueous solution. The results revealed that the phthalate derivatives 4-hydroxyphthalic acid, 4-methylphthalic acid and 4-tert-butylphthalic anhydride could be degraded efficiently in GDP process (498 V, 0.2 A) with high removal efficiencies of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Ten top tips to achieve zero liquid discharge production

    Sustainability is the hot topic of our time. In a world of dwindling natural resources, taking environmental responsibility is absolutely essential. That’s why it is up to companies to take responsibility for operating in a sustainable manner. Modern wastewater processing systems allow industrial companies to re-use their treated wastewater in production. Read the top ten tips for the ...


    By H2O GmbH

  • Montemorelos wastewater plant case study

    Performance History and Discussion In-Pipe Technology Company, Inc. was selected with goals to improve the biological treatment capacity at the wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) without capital expansion of the current facility. Due to the inability to make a capital investment to expand unit operations and processes, a municipal treatment plant in Montemorelos can not meet the needs of a ...

  • Orange park wastewater plant case study

    Project Summary The Town of Orange Park, Florida was challenged to meet the 2012 Florida TMDL limit of 7 mg/L total nitrogen in the effluent discharge (22,000 pounds N annually). To meet the deadline the Town decided on a three-phase upgrade plan and selected In-Pipe Technology to improve effluent quality during the process improvements and as an alternative solution to the problem of ...

  • Case study - Daphne utilities water reclamation facility

    With significant TSS and BOD reductions from their Salsnes Filter system, Daphne Utilities has restored previously lost plant capacity. More than that, loading reductions have cut back aerator maintenance and lowered energy consumption of blowers. Project Background Daphne Utilities, situated on the eastern shore of Mobile Bay in Alabama, provides water, sewer and natural ...

  • In situ formation of nanoscale zero-value iron on fish-scale-based porous carbon for Cr(VI) adsorption

    Magnetic carbon materials that have nanoscale zero-valent iron (nZVI) supported on fish scale based hierarchical lamellar porous carbon (FHLC) is reported in this study. The nZVI on FHLC was in the form of body-centered-cubic iron (Fe) crystal. Although it was demonstrated that the specific surface area (SBET), total pore volume (Vt) and micropore volume (Vm) of the FHLC ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The Wastewater life cycle inventory tool by 2.-0 LCA consultants

    Very often the fate of chemicals after use is to be sent to municipal wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs), where they are subject to degradation. In many life cycle assessment (LCA) studies we need to account for the environmental impacts caused by the disposal of chemical substances down the drain, however existing LCA models for wastewater treatment typically reflect the average performance of ...


    By IWA Publishing

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