Combustion Monitoring Articles

  • SITRANS SL in-situ analyzer saves cost for a steel plant replacing existing extractive setup – Case Study

    The customer Steel industry plants all over the world have multiple processes, most of them emitting CO and CO2 in very high concentrations (tens of %). CO is used as a combustible due to its high calorific value. It is stored in a huge tank before it is used by the power plant next door. CO in such high concentration is explosive in presence of a few molecules of oxygen. Therefore, ...

  • Combustion optimization by fast excess air control – Case Study

    Combustion is the conversion of primary chemical energy contained in fuels into heat through the process of oxidation at high temperatures. The oxygen required for the combustion is supplied as part of the combustion air that is fed to the process. In ideal (stoichiometric) combustion the amount of oxygen supplied to the process is just sufficient to burn all combustibles completely. In real ...

  • Process-generated contaminants

    Overview: There is not currently a formal and universally recognised definition of a process-generated substance. Process-generated contaminants can be generated as emissions from combustion processes, abrasion and/or other processes that physically or chemically degrade or otherwise modify the starting material(s), e.g. degradation/composting of organic materials. Such ...

  • Surface water polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) in urban areas of Nanjing, China

    The concentration, sources and environmental risks of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in surface water in urban areas of Nanjing were investigated. The range of ∑16PAHs concentration is between 4,076 and 29,455 ng/L, with a mean of 17,212 ng/L. The composition of PAHs indicated that 2- and 3-ring PAHs have the highest proportion in all PAHs, while the 5- and 6-ring PAHs were the least ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Optimizing VOC Combustion - Case Study

    Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) are pre-cursors to Ozone pollution and subject to EPA regulations. Thermal and catalytic oxidizers are routinely used to destroy VOC emissions from a variety of industrial sources. ...

  • Ammonium, nitrate, and total nitrogen determination in fly ash

    Fly ash is a by-product of the combustion of pulverized coal and is composed of small particles. The composition of the fly ash may vary considerably, however, all fly ashes contain substantial amounts of silicon dioxide (SiO2), aluminum oxide (Al2O3) and calcium oxide (CaO). Nowadays, air pollution control standards require a separation of flue gas before being released to the atmosphere. Fly ...


    By BÜCHI Labortechnik AG

  • Combustible Dust: It Doesn’t Take Much

    A dust accumulation of 1/32 of an inch deep—about the thickness of a dime—covering just five percent of a room’s surface area doesn’t sound like much, but it’s enough to cause a catastrophic explosion, according to the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA). Although good engineering and safety practices to prevent dust explosions have existed for decades, there ...


    By SafetySmart

  • Introducing LaserGas III SP CO – a combustion analyzer for rough environments

    NEO Monitors unveils the industry’s most compact CO combustion analyzer suitable for the most demanding environments. LaserGas III CO includes measurement of CH4, H2O and temperature in one single unit designed to reduce risk. Based on decades of experience and customer feedback, NEO Monitors has designed an Ex-d certified tunable diode laser (TDLS) analyzer. The instrument is ...


    By NEO Monitors AS

  • TOC Analysis for Standard Methods 5310B: High-Temperature Combustion Method

    Introduction Total Organic Carbon (TOC) is a rapid method that analyzes for organic carbon and expresses the result as the amount of carbon found. It is a non-specific method unable to distinguish between various organic species and only indicates that organic carbon compounds are present. Organic carbon analyzers operate by the determination of the amount of total carbon present in a ...

  • Iron Ore Pelletizing Plants - Case Study

    Changing the iron ore processing chain The iron ore being mined globally can approximately be divided equally into boulders and fines. For further processing boulders have to be sized to 10-30 mm for blast furnaces and 6-18 mm for sponge iron plants. Iron ore in a finely ground state is not easily transported or readily processed .The iron ore pelletizing process agglomerates the fine ...

  • Why high temperature combustion of landfill gas?

    Due to the accumulation of knowledge and the tightening of environmental law, the landfill technology has increasingly become concerned with the management of trace compounds in landfill gas. With landfill gas, contamination is through sulphur, chlorine, fluorine, halogenated hydrocarbons and heavy metals. Other trace elements such as volatile organic compounds (VOC), impose environmental ...


    By Hofstetter BV

  • Measurement of TOC in Perfluorochemical (PFOS) Solution

    PFOS is an extremely stable compound with strong carbon - fluorine bonds, and reports of its accumulation in wildlife and the environment have attracted international attention and concern, leading to the designation of PFOS as a persistent organic pollutant (POP).The persistent nature of PFOS prevents oxidative decomposition using wet chemical oxidation TOC analyzers; however, the Shimadzu ...

  • Analysis of key trends and drivers in greenhouse gas emissions in the EU between 1990 and 2014

    1 GHG emissions in 2014 compared to 2013 1.1 Summary (last year) Total GHG emissions (excluding LULUCF) decreased by 185 million tonnes, or 4.1% compared to 20132 to reach their lowest level in 2014 (4282 Mt CO2 eq.). This significant decrease in emissions in 2014 came with an increase in GDP of 1.4 %. This resulted in a lower GHG-emission intensity of GDP in the EU ...

  • Analysis of national responses under Article 21 of the EU ETS Directive in 2015

    Synthesising Member State reporting on the application of the EU ETS Directive The European Union Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) is one of the key climate policy instruments that has been implemented in the European Union (EU) to achieve its objectives of reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in a cost-effective manner. The EU ETS covers certain activities that emit carbon dioxide ...

  • Case study - Oxidizer system optimization

    OXIDIZER SERVICE SERIES: PART 4 As promised, this is the fourth installment of Anguil's Oxidizer Service Series. If you have read through the first three parts, this can be seen as a capstone of those efforts. Having a strong oxidizer service plan, backed up with recommended spare parts and all of the proper documentation will not only improve your system performance but also allow you to focus ...

  • Analysing coloured smoke | Pearl or Quest?

    Coloured smoke consists of an aerosol of tiny particles which is combusted or vaporized. The particular pigment or dye of each colour affects the colour of the smoke. The mixture usually includes a cool-burning formula based on potassium chlorate oxidiser, dextrin or lactose as fuel. Then one or more dyes are introduced to account for around half of the mixture. A small amount of sodium ...


    By Specac Limited

  • The Goldilocks of Combustion Solutions

    It’s not too big, it’s not too small… It’s just right! We hear it all the time from our customers: “The ABUTEC 200 is too small for our site, but the HTF is too large. Can you create a custom unit?” The answer sometimes surprises those customers. While yes, we can certainly develop a custom unit just for your site, a more efficient (and cost-effective) ...


  • Typical Sensor Location Considerations

    The sensor mounting location within a space may be dependent on many variables. There are no specific formulas since each application will have it’s own determining factors and priorities. These include, but are not limited to: source of gas: Is the source a combustion exhaust from a vehicle or furnace or a vapour from a tank spill, pipe leak, or faulty valve? density of ...


    By Arjay Engineering Ltd.

  • If you can’t stand the CO2, get out of the kitchen – Part 2

    In Part 1 we reviewed the many standards, specifications and technical bulletins on commercial kitchen ventilation that have been published since 2000. In Part 2 we investigate four of the more recent ones, with a particular focus on carbon dioxide (CO2) ...


    By Analox Sensor Technology

  • Paint booths, or areas using combustible gases: why a requirement for combustible gas monitor might be necessary

    Paint booths save time and ensure a smooth and professional application of paint in a range of industries, including automotive, aerospace, home decor, furniture, and more. Combustible gases and fluids in the paint booth environment can pose a health hazard if something goes wrong. Explore the hidden dangers of paint booth fluids and gases, and learn how a ...

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