Traffic Emissions Books

  • Improvement of the life cycle assessment methodology for dwellings

    The aim of this thesis is to improve the environmental life cycle assessment methodology for buildings by incorporating damage to the health of occupants of emissions from building materials and local traffic. It also intends to determine the overall impact reduction by building environmentally improved dwellings. This reduction is referred to as ...

  • City Limits: Putting the Brakes on Sprawl

    Today, every world region suffers from sprawling, car-choked urban areas. Accidents and pollution-related illness take lives, while traffic delays sap human productivity and waste fuel. Part of the reason that Americans now guzzle 43 percent of the world’s gasoline is to wheel around expansive metropolises. Transportation, spurred by road ...

  • Leicester Environment City: Learning How to Make Local Agenda 21 Partnerships and Participation Deliver; Local Agenda 21 Series working paper 5

    This paper describes the pioneering experience of the city of Leicester (in the UK) over the last 10 years in developing its Local Agenda 21 and other aspects of its work towards environmental improvement and sustainable development. It includes details of measures to improve public transport and reduce congestion, traffic accidents, reduce car ...

  • Acoustic Emission: Standards and Technology Update

    This comprehensive volume presents 16 peer-reviewed papers that explore the evolution of AE technology worldwide and provide you with the latest information on AE instrumentation, applications, standards and codes. STP 1353 also draws comparisons between AE and other Nondestructive Testing (NDT) technologies are examined as to their suitability ...

  • Effect of Automotive Emission Requirements on Gasoline Characteristics

    The papers in the Symposium on Effect of Automotive Emission Requirements on Gasoline Characteristics Were given at the 73rd Annual Meeting of theAmerican Society for Testing and Materials held in Toronto, Ont., Canada, 21—26 June 1970. The symposium was sponsored by Division A of ASTM Committee D02 on Petroleum Products and Lubricants. The ...

  • Thermo- and Fluid Dynamic Processes in Diesel Engines 2

    Chapter 1 State-of-the-art and prospective.- Future and Potential of Diesel Injection Systems.-Present and Future of Heavy Duty Engines Strategies for Compliance to the Emission Legislation.- Chapter 2 Injection systems and spray formation.- Nozzle flow and spray characteristics from VCO diesel injector nozzles.- Development of a Transient ...

  • Urban Air Quality - Monitoring and Modelling

    These proceedings consist of the latest advances in the field of monitoring and modelling urban air quality. Although air pollution has been of interest for many decades over the past few years the concerns of urban air quality have increased dramatically. The primary reason for this has been the continual growth in road traffic in almost all ...

  • Traffic and Environment

    The automobile is one of the inventions that have made a decisive contribution to human mobility, and consequently it has become an inseparable part of modern human society. However, it is through this widespread use that its negative impacts on the environment have become so highly visible. Achievements in improving the ecological characteristics ...

  • Highway and Urban Environment

    Today, half of the world’s population lives in urban areas and rapid urbanisation is expected to continue in the next decades. The growth of urban areas around the world presents many challenges and needs to be supported by the development of adequate and sustainable infrastructures. The Highway and Urban Environment Symposium (Nicosia, Cyprus, ...

  • Fuel Oxygenates

    The state of the art on fuel oxygenates, and in particular of MTBE in groundwater, is presented. Historically, oxygenates like MTBE were developed in the 1970s as octane enhancers to replace toxic additives like lead, which were phased out of gasoline. The presence of oxygenates in gasoline promotes cleaner fuel combustion within the engine, ...

  • Environmental External Costs of Transport

    Transport causes a wide range of damage to human health, ecosytems and materials which are not reflected in the prices for transport. Thus, the damage caused by cars, planes, ships and trains should be known and transformed into monetary values, so called external costs. Within this book, a method to estimate the external costs stemming from the ...

  • Artificial Neural Networks in Vehicular Pollution Modelling

    Artificial neural networks (ANNs), which are parallel computational models, comprising of interconnected adaptive processing units (neurons) have the capability to predict accurately the dispersive behavior of vehicular pollutants under complex environmental conditions. This book aims at describing step-by-step procedure for formulation and ...

  • Road Pricing, the Economy and the Environment

    Economic growth and globalisation create traffic growth, leading to congestion, which again increases travel times and costs. Traffic growth also increases CO2 emissions, air pollution, accidents, and noise. So, clearly there is a need to manage traffic, taking into account that there is a need for transportation; hence it cannot be restricted ...

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