This report explores the circular economy from a product perspective, applying a systemic approach and transition theory. Drivers of product design and usage are discussed in the context of emerging consumption trends and business models. For governance to be effective, it has to address the product life-cycle and the societal context determining it. Indicators and assessment tools are proposed that can help fill the current data and knowledge gaps.
- European Environment Agency (EEA)
- Circular by design - Products in the circular economy
Plastics, Marpol and Circular Economy: Prevention of Marine Plastic Pollution
Large ships, offshore platforms and poor land waste management, cause much of the marine pollution. Proper action is needed to solve this problem, starting with the correct use of technologies such as industrial shreddersThere are now regular reports of marine plastic pollution. One of the most recent cases to arouse public opinion was the discovery of a plastic bag in the Mariana trench, one of the most inaccessible places on the planet, located 10,994 metres below sea level.Plastic is a cost-effective, durable...
Sludge dewatering in Circular Economy
The change of mentality to a circular economy has revealed the importance of reusing and energy recovery from sludge as secondary raw material Circular economy and re-use of waste materials Nowadays, the rise of the circular economy and the progressive abandon of the linear economy (throwaway culture), the secondary raw materials receive a special importance. Theenergy recovery and the re-use of generated by-products are core structural sections of this philosophy. Recently, the MAPAMA (Spanish Ministry of...
Vacuum sewerage systems – a solution for fast growing cities in developing countries?
Developed more than a century ago, the potential of vacuum sewerage systems remains underexploited. At the same time, the rapid urbanization in Asia brings about major challenges for municipal utilities. In this context, the GIZ (Deutsche Gesellschaft fuer Internationale Zusammenarbeit) project ‘Integrated Resource Management in Asian Cities: the Urban Nexus’ gives technical advice to stakeholders in the partner cities. Fraunhofer IGB, having operated a vacuum sewer system for more than ten years in the context...
Treatment wetlands in decentralised approaches for linking sanitation to energy and food security
Treatment wetlands (TWs) are engineered systems that mimic the processes in natural wetlands with the purpose of treating contaminated water. Being a simple and robust technology, TWs are applied worldwide to treat various types of water. Besides treated water for reuse, TWs can be used in resources-oriented sanitation systems for recovering nutrients and carbon, as well as for growing biomass for energy production. Additionally, TWs provide a large number of ecosystem services. Integrating green infrastructure...
The case for increasing circular economy systems grows as resources dwindle
New research from Yale University encourages discussions on how to implement circular economy systems on a larger scaleResearchers at Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut, believe that circular economy systems are essential to our long-term survival on a planet with limited resources.While some large companies, including Google, Dell, Philips, and Unilever, and a few countries, including China and members of the European Union, have already implemented successful circular economy systems, researchers believe...