Keywords: municipal solid waste, solid waste management, moisture, volatile solids, waste transport, windrow composting, environmental pollution, India, vermicomposting, landfill gas monitoring, source segregation, waste treatment, waste disposal
Municipal solid waste management in Jodhpur city, Rajasthan (India) - current status
Jodhpur city is the second largest city of Rajasthan State, having population of about 1,077,717 and an area of 232 sq km. The city generates around 380 t/d of municipal solid waste (MSW). With the increase in population, urbanisation and industrialisation, the problems of handling MSW have significantly increased in the past few years. There is no arrangement for segregation of waste at source. Out of 65 wards, door to door collection facility is provided for 27 wards. The transportation of MSW is carried out by the combination of municipal and private hired vehicles. Most of the vehicles are of 13 to 17 years old. The MSW has high inert content and less biodegradable matters. A windrow composting plant of capacity 100 TPD and vermi composting plant of capacity 10 TPD are installed in the 2006. Unscientific open dumping, threats of environmental pollution, absence of landfill gas monitoring facility are the most important problems for the city. There is an urgent need for source segregation, optimised transport arrangement, scientific disposal arrangements, landfill gas monitoring, and MSW treatment and disposal facility programme for the remaining 280 TPD waste.