Keywords: sustainable waste management, solid waste management, waste reduction, Jamaica, Caribbean, developing countries, small-island nations, survey, public participation, public health, incentives, waste segregation, household education, environmental concerns, environmental knowledge, barriers, government policy, finance, West Indies
Waste reduction strategies for improved management of household solid waste in Jamaica
Three waste reduction strategies were studied by a survey in the St. Ann's Parish located in the small-island developing nation of Jamaica. Factors designated as incentives to waste reduction existed primarily at the household level, specifically waste segregation, household education, environmental concern and knowledge; whereas, the barriers existed primarily at the national or regional levels, namely government policies and finances. The greatest potential for initiating waste reduction strategies and diverting waste from a landfill in this developing world setting is thus within the household, specifically by community-based waste reduction initiatives that build upon already-existing practices and improve local solid waste management.