Guidance Document on Biodiversity, Impact Asessment & Decision Making in Southern Africa
CBBIA was a project of IAIA and funded by the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
The document is structured as follows:
- An introduction
- Environment, development, biodiversity and human wellbeing - what is meant by these terms, and explaining the dependencies of humans on biodiversity and ecosystem services
- Biodiversity, ecosystem services and impact assessment - why we do impact assessment (IA), how human activities impact on biodiversity and ecosystem services, and good practice IA.
- Aims and objectives of decision-making - good governance and administrative justice, criteria and desired outcomes for sustainable development, deciding on the level of IA, co-operative governance, decision-making in a strategic vacuum, dealing with uncertainties, gaps and risks, and lack of capacity in regulatory authorities
- Strategic environmental assessment (SEA) - strengths, process, governmental cooperation, consultation and co-ordination, when to do SEA, what questions to ask, reviewing SEA, decision criteria
- Environmental impact assessment - what decisions are made, process and project life-cycle, screening, scoping, assessment, environmental management plans, authorizations and conditions, implementation and compliance.
- Sector guidelines - mining and quarrying, hydropower, thermal power generation, power transmission, offshore oil and gas, roads and bridges, agriculture and forestry, water resources development, water-based infrastructure and related activities, peri-urban and urban fringe development, and ecotourism.
- Useful guidelines and sources of information.