PHAST Step-by-Step Guide: A Participatory Approach for the Control of Diarrhoeal Disease

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A spiral-bound manual offering step-by-step instructions for helping communities improve hygiene behaviour, prevent cholera and other diarrhoeal diseases, and manage their own water and sanitation facilities. Addressed to facilitators working in the community, the manual uses the Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation, or PHAST, approach, an exciting new methodology which relies on locally-prepared visual 'toolkits' to stimulate community enthusiasm and participation. Recommended materials and activities were extensively field tested in four African countries.

The manual has three parts. The first introduces the PHAST methodology, explains the purpose and contents of the manual, and communicates essential facts about diarrhoeal diseases and modes of transmission. Since community participation is at the heart of the PHAST approach, part one also discusses the processes of community awareness and behavioural change, and includes some practical tips on ways to stimulate community involvement. Against this background, the PHAST approach is presented as a sequence of seven steps, moving from the identification and analysis of problems, through the quest for solutions and selection of options, to monitoring and evaluation of results. Each step is accompanied by a detailed description of activities, which includes information on the purpose, time and materials required, what to do, and how to manage any difficulties that may arise.

Part three, on making a toolkit, gives general advice on selecting and engaging local artists, followed by detailed guidelines for PHAST artists on the preparation of drawings for each activity described in the manual. Sample drawings from Africa, India, and the USA are used to illustrate the need for adaptation to local cultural settings.
Authors / Editors:
Price:
CHF 16.00 / US $ 14.40
In developing countries: Sw.fr. 11.20
Launch:
1997

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