Organic Pollutants Books

  • Environmental Toxicology: Biological and Health Effects of Pollutants, Second Edition

    This second edition of Environmental Toxicology focuses on the biological and health effects toxins have on living organisms. It also stresses the relationship between human activity and the environment, relating changes in the environment with the changing patterns of human diseases, and exploring the parallels between developing economies and ...

  • Measurement of Organic Pollutants in Water and Wastewater

    The Symposium on the Measurement of Organic Pollutants in Water and Wastewater was presented in Denver, Colo., 19-20 June 1978. The symposium was sponsored by ASTM Committee D19 on Water. C. E. Van Hall, Dow Chemical Co., presided as symposium chairman; the symposium committee members were: B. F. Afghan, Canada Centre for Inland Waters, J. R. ...

  • Contaminated Sediments

    When discussing the issue of contamination of the aquatic environment, water pollution is still the major aspect that has been regulated and extensively studied, but poor attention has been devoted to sediments. Sediments have been described as the sink or storage place and a source for contaminants entering river systems through various pathways. ...

  • Persistent Organic Pollutants

    Since the mid 1990s, legal action to eliminate persistent organic pollutants (POPs) has started resulting in a global Convention on POPs, the Stockholm Convention, and a regional Protocol under the Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution (UN-ECE LRTAP Convention). POPs are characterized by long half-lives, persistence in the ...

  • The Role of the Ocean in Global Cycling of Persistent Organic Contaminants

    Persistent organic contaminants, which are bioaccumulative and toxic are a concern for the ecosystems and human health and are regulated under international law (global and regional conventions, besides other). If semivolatile, they cycle in different environmental compartments and follow complex transport pathways. The ocean is believed to play a ...

  • Applied Bioremediation and Phytoremediation

    The production of a vast array of chemicals, especially petroleum compounds during the last century, has caused a serious deterioration in environmental quality. In this context, one major threat is posed by the continually expanding areas of contaminated soils and sediments.Biotechnological methods based on the biodegradation of environmental ...

  • Soil Mineral -- Microbe-Organic Interactions

    The book presents the latest research findings and prospects on soil mineral-organic matter-microorganism interactions. It includes topics covering mechanisms of transformations, dynamics and bioavailability of heavy metals, radionuclides, biomolecules and nutrients immobilized on soil minerals, humic substances, mineral-humic complexes and ...

  • The Fate of Persistent Organic Pollutants in the Environment

    Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are organic compounds of natural or anthropogenic origin that resist photolytic, chemical and biological degradation. They are characterized by low water solubility and high lipid solubility, resulting in bioaccumulation in fatty tissues of living organisms. These properties of unusual high persistence and ...

  • Persistent Organic Pollutants

    Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) continue to be the subject of concern amongst the public, as well as the scientific and policy-making communities. These concerns are exemplified by the international efforts co-ordinated by the United Nations' Environment Programme and the +Economic Commission for Europe. Whilst the ultimate origin of ...

  • Marine Organic Matter: Biomarkers, Isotopes and DNA

    The oceans contain a great biodiversity of marine organisms. They include a rich variety of unusual genes and biochemistries and hence a diverse array of organic compounds ranging from colourful carotenoids and chlorophylls to lipids with structures ranging from the simple to the complex. This volume brings together ten chapters on the occurrence ...

  • Effect of Mineral-Organic-Microorganism Interactions on Soil and Freshwater Environments

    This volume includes five main topics: Reactivity and Transformations of Mineral Constituents and Metals at the soil-solution interfaces; Nature, Dynamics and Transformations of Organic Compounds and Enzymes in Soils; Microorganism-Colloid Interactions and their Effect on Bioavailability of Pollutants and Nutriments in Terrestrial and ...

  • Heavy Metal Stress in Plants

    Heavy metal phytotoxicity has been known for more than a century. Therefore, it is astonishing that interest in the effects of heavy metals on organisms has been aroused only recently. Research in the past years, however, has confirmed the immense damage by metal pollution to plants, the soil and ultimately to humans. This completely updated and ...

  • Microorganisms in Soils: Roles in Genesis and Functions

    Soils would not exist without the complex and heterogeneous activities of microorganisms. For the third volume of Soil Biology, an international board of renowned scientists shed light on the significant role of these organisms. The following key topics are covered: Microorganisms in bioerosion, humification, mineralization and soil aggregation; ...

  • The Fate of Persistent Organic Pollutants in the North Sea

    Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are harmful to human health and to the environment. Their fate in the marine environment is not yet fully understood. An ocean model (FANTOM) has been developed to investigate the fate of selected POPs in the North Sea. The main focus of the model is on quantifying the distribution of POPs and their aquatic ...

  • Interactions and Adaptation Strategies of Marine Organisms

    This volume provides a refereed selection of the proceedings of the 31st European Marine Biology Symposium, held in St. Petersburg, Russia, in September 1996. State-of-the-art reviews and studies on adaptational processes in marine organisms such as adaptations to fluctuations in salinity, temperature, oxygen and pollutants which are ...

  • Novel Approaches for Bioremediation of Organic Pollution

    This volume presents an updated description of the current trends of research on bioremediation in the various aspects of catabolic pathways and specific enzymes, genetic design of engineered degradative microorganisms, bioaccessibility and bioavailability of substrates and nutrients and process development and field studies. ...

  • The Fate of Persistent Organic Pollutants in the Environment

    Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are organic compounds of natural or anthropogenic origin that resist photolytic, chemical and biological degradation. They are characterized by low water solubility and high lipid solubility, resulting in bioaccumulation in fatty tissues of living organisms. These properties of unusual high persistence and ...

  • Pollutant-Solid Phase Interactions

    Growth in the numbers of organic chemicals during recent decades has been extraordinary. Most are complex compounds that are released directly and/or indirectly to the surrounding environment. A view is emerging in relation to environmental protection and hazardous substance management that (1) some organic chemicals and/or organic leachates from ...

  • Environmental Chemistry

    Environmental chemistry is a new, fast developing science aimed at deciphering fundamental mechanisms ruling the behaviour of pollutants in ecosystems. Applying this knowledge to current environmental issues leads to the remediation of environmental media, and to new, low energy, low emission, sustainable processes. This book describes the ...

  • Bioindicator Systems for Soil Pollution

    How is one to make good, cost-effective decisions about the management or remediation of polluted soils? The application of bioindication techniques may provide information on the availability of contaminants, and may thus help to support management decisions. In addition, the repeated application of bioindicators may reveal temporal trends ...

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