Biosafety Articles

  • Total Exhaust Biosafety Cabinet Upgrade at Research Facility Provides Significant Energy Savings

    When Harvard’s Biology Research Infrastructure (BRI) facility opened in 2006, they required four biological safety cabinets to provide primary containment during animal procedures. In the selection process, workspace containment and isolation requirements, operation modes for non-use periods and maintenance, building integration, and the energy burden to the building system were all ...


    By The Baker Company

  • The current status of the debate on socio-economic regulatory assessments: positions and policies in Canada, the USA, the EU and developing countries

    Article 26.1 of the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety has the option of considering socio-economic issues in biosafety regulatory approval processes related to genetically engineered organisms. National laws and regulations in some countries have already defined positions and may have enacted policies dealing with socio-economic assessments. Many more countries, especially developing countries, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Implementation and enforcement of biosafety regulations in China: the case of agricultural Genetically Modified Organisms (agro-GMOs)

    China is one of the leading developing countries in biotechnology research and development. As a mega-biodiverse country, governance on Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) is of significance to national sustainable development. This paper reviews the biosafety regulations on agricultural GMOs (agro-GMOs) governance in China and analyses the implementation and enforcement of biosafety ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Negotiating liability under biosafety protocol

    The issue of redress and liability under the biosafety protocol remained one of the contentious and unresolved issues from the onset of the negotiations. During the negotiations, this issue gave rise to considerable debate and disagreement between negotiating countries. This paper aims to analyse the debate in the context of the ongoing work of the Open-Ended Ad Hoc group of legal and technical ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Costs and enforcement of biosafety regulations in India and China

    This paper examines the cost of compliance and the enforcement of biosafety regulations in China. Costs were higher in India, and enforcement of regulations was more effective in China. Lower costs in China may be because national companies, government research institutes and foreign firms were all pressing for less costly regulation, while in India there was less pressure by these groups to ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Creating a global biosafety regime

    This article examines one of the first international efforts to formulate legally binding rules for "biosafety" or safe use of biotechnology - the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety under the Convention on Biological Diversity. The Cartagena Protocol, concluded in January 2000, mandates the "informed consent" of a country prior to the release of genetically modified organisms ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Latin American biosafety regulatory framework

    Biotechnology is viewed as a second biological revolution at the turn of the century leading to research applications in various spheres of human activity ranging from farming and health to environmental protection to mining. All these have economic implications. Developing countries, such as the Latin American countries, have problems translating research results into applications leading to ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Biosafety issues and opportunities for transgenic plants in Indian agriculture

    The application of genetically modified plants in agriculture is anticipated to be a major event in evolving more productive and sustainable agriculture in the coming years. The concerns are the risks and the magnitude of the consequences to the environment. From the early 1990s, countries have imparted deregulated status to certain transgenic plants and products thereof, after ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Biosafety and international trade: conflict or convergence?

    One of the most important technological developments in the 1990s has been the emergence of biotechnology. Both the draft Protocol on Biosafety under the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and the Agreement on Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) Measures of the World Trade Organisation (WTO) could cover trade in biotechnology products. However, each agreement treats the nascent ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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