The field of building acoustics consists of two parts; Room Acoustics which deals with sound propagation in a room and Building Acoustics, which deals with sound propagation between rooms. Typically, room acoustics is related to the quality of sound, e.g. concert hall acoustics, while building acoustics is more related to unwanted sound, i.e. when you want to hear as little as possible of what is going on in adjacent rooms. From a measurement technology point of view, the two have a lot in common which shall be outlined here.
By Norsonic AS based in Lierskogen, NORWAY.
Façade sound insulation is measured like sound insulation between rooms, except that one `room` is actually open space. The sound level is measured inside the receiving room and outside the façade of the building. The level difference is then corrected for the influence of the reverberation time and background noise level in the receiving room. Finally a single-number index is calculated by averaging over all the frequency bands. A loudspeaker source can be used for the measurement, giving a choice of sound incidence angle. But in practice, placing the loudspeaker and getting a high enough sound level can be difficult.
By Brüel & Kjær Sound & Vibration Measurement A/S based in Nærum, DENMARK.
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