Flow Calibration Articles

  • Primary Standard Gas Flow Calibration—The Only Guarantee of Accuracy

    At Sierra, we have a saying: “An instrument’s accuracy is only as good as its calibration.” The accuracy of your mass flow controller (MFC) is essential in assuring the efficiency, performance, and quality of your flow meter. In many cases, if your instrumentation is not calibrated, then a decline in performance is possible due to ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Commonly Asked Questions About Calibration Gas

    Argus-Hazco's Becky Schneider answers the most commonly asked questions about calibration gas. The questions range from disposal and refilling protocol to shelf life to MSDS availability. Argus-Hazco offers a complete line of reactive and non-reactive gases in cylinder sizes that range from 17 to 221 liters. We have a large collection of common blends and we can also accommodate virtually any ...


    By Argus-Hazco

  • New Approaches for Simulating Complex Flows

    When it comes to simulating the flow of material mixtures, classical CFD (computational fluid dynamics) methods reach their limits. For several years now, Sulzer has been pursuing a fundamentally new approach—the Lattice-Boltzmann method—working closely with an external research partner (FlowKit SA). Sulzer uses this method to simulate specific products, and this method makes it ...


    By Sulzer Ltd.

  • Recent Improvements in Air Flow Calibration Reference Instruments

    A key element in radiation protection programs at commercial nuclear power plants, nuclear research facilities, fuel fabrication plants and regulatory agency oversight programs of licensees is management's ability to validate the accuracy of the many air sampling instruments utilized in the facility's radiation protection air monitoring programs. The volume of air sampled in each sample ...


    By F&J Specialty Products, Inc.

  • Evaluation of overland flow model for a hillslope using laboratory flume data

    Comprehensive modelling of overland flow requires models for both rill and interrill area overland flow. Evaluation of a physically based mathematical model for simulating overland flow generated on rill and interrill areas of hillslope was done using a data set gathered from a laboratory experimental setup. A rainfall simulator has been constructed together with a 6.50 m × 1.36 m erosion ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Model calibration and uncertainty analysis of runoff in the Zayanderood River basin using generalized likelihood uncertainty estimation (GLUE) method

    This study is designed to consider the uncertainty in the kinematic runoff and erosion model named KINEROS2. The Generalized Likelihood Uncertainty Estimation (GLUE) method was used for assessing the uncertainty associated with model predictions, which assumes that due to the limitations in model structure, data and calibration scheme, many different parameter sets can make acceptable ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A normalized regression based regional model for generating flows at ungauged basins

    Revision of existing methodologies for generating monthly-flow series at ungauged basins based on multivariate nonlinear correlation has led to a simple two-parameter model. While the existing methodology used hydrological, meteorological and geomorphologic input data, the proposed model requires hydrological and geomorphologic input data only. The proposed methodology requires formation of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effects of data time-step on the accuracy of calibrated rainfall–streamflow model parameters: practical aspects of uncertainty reduction

    The effects of data time-step on the accuracy of calibrated parameters in a discrete-time conceptual rainfall–streamflow model are reviewed and further investigated. A quick-flow decay time constant of 19.9 hr, calibrated for the 10.6 km2 Wye at Cefn Brwyn using daily data, massively overestimates a reference value of 3.76 hr calibrated using hourly data (an inaccuracy of 16.1 hr or ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Mathematical modelling of a hydraulic controller for PRV flow modulation

    This paper describes the development of mathematical models, which represent static and dynamic properties of the AQUAI-MOD® hydraulic controller coupled with a standard pressure reducing valve (PRV) as well as a new experimental set-up for testing the controller and calibrating and validating the models. The purpose of the AQUAI-MOD® controller is to modulate the PRV outlet pressure according to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Valve actuation at the world’s largest flow metering calibration facility - Case Study

    Currently nearing completion, EuroLoop will be the world’s largest test site for industrial flow meters. Two separate circuits are available, for testing both gas meters and liquid meters. Both circuits are fully automated, making extensive use of electric and pneumatic actuators with sophisticated control systems. Situated by the New Meuse River in Rotterdam, EuroLoop will be the ...


    By Rotork plc

  • Environics - Full-scale error vs. Setpoint error

    A flow controller's accuracy is typically expressed as a percent of Full-Scale flow (%FS). This means that the flow controller is most accurate when operating at its rated full-scale flow rate. This also means that its accuracy, expressed as a percent of Setpoint, drops off significantly when operating at lower flow rates. For example, a 1000 cc/min flow controller with a +/- 1%FS accuracy, ...


    By Environics, Inc.

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