Residential water meters Articles

  • Sound recording to characterize outdoor tap water use events

    Obtaining disaggregated water use at the home typically involves expensive smart metering. In this study, water use events at the outdoor tap were captured using recorded sound. Outdoor taps at 10 homes were fitted with small-sized microphones and digital sound recorders. Sound files recorded over a 1-month period were used in the analysis. In the preliminary analysis, a human operator browsed ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Groundwater depletion compounds China’s water scarcity

    Continued population growth and urbanization are causing problems throughout China. Analysts say groundwater depletion is one of them. Unrestrained water extraction is compounding water scarcity as demand grows. The nation is experiencing “a massive water crisis,” according to CNN. Tackling the issue will require “political will and creative policy thinking,” as well ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Case study - Spindle direct labor & utilities module

    Business Situation Employee production numbers were being manually collected by supervisors. Data was often incomplete, inaccurate, and not available until one to two days later. In addition, the process took a lot of time to collect and compile and was often challenged by employees as influenced by favoritism. Utilities were also collected manually using bills. ...


    By Dober Chemical Corp

  • Aligning theory and measurement in behavioral models of water conservation

    Discussion in the water literature has called for research on the role of behavioral intentions in explanations of both water demand and water conservation. But previous research has suggested that individual-level motivations are not good predictors of metered household water consumption. Two possible reasons for the lack of association between intentions and actual water conservation are that: ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Efficient minimum night flow analysis using Bayesian inference

    This study examines a plan for efficient leakage investigation to decide the number of survey-subjected water meters in the Option A method, which requires considerable manpower and expense, along with possible civil complaints, among the possible methods for determining the minimum night flow. The Bayesian approach was adopted, and the prior distribution of night use and water supply pipe night ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water-conservation policies in perspective: insights from a Q-method study in Salta, Argentina

    Narratives and discourses on issues such as water management and other complex social–ecological systems respond partly to people's worldviews or social perspectives. Knowledge of these perspectives might help increase the rate of success of specific initiatives related to water conservation and could be an important tool to improve water governance. A study performed in the city ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Smart metering use cases to increase water and energy efficiency in water supply systems

    Efficient water and energy use in water distribution systems is being limited by the lack of sufficient data about water and related energy consumption. Therefore, it is crucial to provide updated and continuous feedback information to water users. This paper describes relevant use cases to improve efficient water use and related energy consumption by water utilities and consumers through the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A mathematical model to evaluate apparent losses due to meter under-registration in intermittent water distribution networks

    Apparent losses consist of water volume drawn from the network, consumed by users but not paid for. Those due to water meter under-registration were evaluated by means of a mathematical model able to analyse the complexity of intermittent supply systems with private tanks. This supply scheme is very common in the Mediterranean area where unexpected water shortage often happens and intermittent ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water quantity auditing of a Ghanaian beverage plant

    The study aimed at conducting a water quantity audit in a Ghanaian beverage plant. Primary data on the daily volumes of input water from the main reservoirs of the plant, daily volumes of beverage produced and the water consumed at the 8 metered stages of the plant out of a total of 12 stages were recorded over a period of four months. Secondary data on the plant's monthly water consumption was ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Case study - Jay Hayter and Chris Mead’s Eco house at Elephant and Castle, Dick Strawbridge and BBC’s “It’s Hard to be Green”

    Petite, mid 19th century terrace house at 36 Wansey Street, London SE17 1JP, just south of Elephant and Castle. Undergoing major renovation with eco features, the first of which is rainwater harvesting. The Site Petite, mid 19th century terrace house at 36 Wansey Street, London SE17 1JP, just south of Elephant and Castle. Undergoing major renovation with eco features, the first of ...

  • Using smart meters to identify social and technological impacts on residential water consumption

    Studies have shown that householders' perceptions of their water use are often not well matched with their actual water use. There has been less research, however, investigating whether this bias is related to specific types of end use and/or specific types of socio-demographic and socio-demographic household profiles. A high resolution smart metering study producing a detailed end use event ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Estimating residential water demand in the absence of volumetric water pricing

    Rapid population growth has significantly increased the magnitude of water shortages in California. Although water shortages already exist, some of the state's utility systems are still not providing their residents with financial incentives for water conservation. Instead of using water meters to charge households according to their actual water usage, they are charging a flat fee for unlimited ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Domestic Metering - Do we understand all the issues as we move into AMP 4?

    Untitled Document The number of domestic properties in the England & Wales currently paying for water by volume, i.e. via a water ...


    By WRc plc

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