Salinity Monitoring Articles

  • Salinity and miniDOT

    The miniDOT and other optical dissolved oxygen sensors measure oxygen within a special plastic material that has the property of changing its fluorescence in response to the amount of oxygen present. Oxygen arrives within this material by diffusion from the surrounding environment, which is usually water.  The miniDOT determines oxygen concentration in water dissolved oxygen  by ...

  • Discrete entropy theory for optimal redesigning of salinity monitoring network in San Francisco bay

    The paper presents an entropy-based method for designing an optimum bay water salinity monitoring network in San Francisco bay (S.F. bay) considering maximum-monitoring-information and minimum-data-lost criteria. Due to cost concerns, it is necessary to design the optimal salinity monitoring network with a minimal number of sampling stations to provide reliable data. The monthly data recorded ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The variation of stygofauna along a gradient of salinization in a coastal aquifer

    We examined the variation of stygofauna composition collected in wells, along a gradient in groundwater salinity/conductivity in a coastal aquifer from southern Portugal. The studied coastal aquifer is considered vulnerable to salinization due to seawater intrusion, caused by overexploitation of the aquifer. Knowing the response of the stygofauna species to present levels of groundwater ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Influence of the shear stress and salinity on Anammox biofilms formation: Modelling results

    Anammox biomass has a relatively long duplication time and low yield. This is an advantage because the production of surplus sludge is reduced; however it also implies that the process must be operated in reactors with very good sludge retention. Some of the systems used to improve biomass retention are based on biofilm reactors; therefore, the objective of this work was to study the ability of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Chronoamperometric–based detection of hydrogen peroxide using palladium nanoparticles

    Monodisperse palladium nanoparticles were used to develop a chronoamperometric–based sensor for the detection of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). Thioether stabilised palladium nanoparticles with diameters of 1.8 nm, 2.0 nm and 3.0 nm were synthesised using a pyrolysis method. The palladium nanoparticles were immobilised on gold electrode ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • New monitoring technology helps reveal Arctic secrets

    A group of Arctic researchers has employed the latest monitoring technology to investigate the effects of climate change, by measuring temperature and salinity in the water column beneath surface ice. The results of the investigation, which utilised YSI’s new 'Castaway-CTD', could cast new light on our understanding of the ways in which shifting ocean currents impact upon the climate in ...

  • Salinity monitoring in western Australia using remotely sensed and other spatial data

    Received for publication January 27, 2009. The southwest of Western Australia is affected by dryland salinity that results in the loss of previously productive agricultural land, damage to buildings, roads, and other infrastructure, decline in pockets of remnant vegetation and biodiversity, and reduction in water quality. Accurate information on the location and rate of change of the extent of ...

  • Salinity modeling for the Altona sewerage strategy

    City West Water’s Altona sewerage system is possibly one of the most studied sewerage networks in Melbourne, Australia. Currently the tertiary sewage effluent from the Altona treatment plant is discharged to Port Philip Bay with an average salinity of approximately 4500 mg/litre.  This study involved the development of a detailed model that accurately reflected the sources and dilution of ...


    By Innovyze

  • Coastline Change Detection Using Remote Sensing

    Coast is a unique environment in which atmosphere, hydrosphere and lithosphere contact each other. Coastline is one of the most important linear features on the earth’s surface, which display a dynamic nature. Coastal zone, and its environmental management requires the information about coastlines and their changes. This paper examines the current methods of coastline change detection using ...

  • The Expected Impact of the Peace Conduit Project (The Red Sea – Dead Sea Pipeline) on the Dead Sea

    The Dead Sea of Israel, Jordan and Syria is a severely disturbed ecosystem, greatly damaged by anthropogenic intervention in its water balance. During the 20 th century, the Dead Sea level dropped by more than 25 meters, and presently (2003) it is at about 416 meters below mean sea level. This negative water balance is mainly due to the diversion of water from the catchment area of the lake by ...


    By Springer

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