Salt Monitoring Articles

  • Sea Level Rise: Risk and Resilience in Coastal Cities

    Introduction One of the most dire impacts of anthropogenic climate change is a rise in the global sea level caused by the melting of glaciers and land-based ice caps, as well as a smaller increase from expansion due to the higher temperature of the water itself.  Unlike some other predicted effects of climate change, this impact has already been observed for some time.  Indeed, ...


    By Climate Institute

  • Sea Water Desalination - Technical Article

    Sea Water Desalination is a specific process involving molecular separation via membrane technology to reduce the dissolved salt and mineral content of sea water to a level suitable for human and animal consumption, commercial/industrial and irrigation uses. This process involves three water streams namely sea water as the intake source, Product / Permeate water of potable drinking water quality ...

  • How can I measure Salt in food?

    Sodium is a mineral required by the body for normal functions, but excessive intake can cause high blood pressure and hypertension. This has lead governments and regulatory bodies to focus on monitoring the levels of salt in foods in order to reduce the risk of these health affects. Canned foods are of particular concern as these often contain relatively high levels of salt. ...


    By Camlab Limited

  • What is TDS?

    Answer: Total Dissolved Solids (TDS) is a measure of the combined content of all the inorganic and organic substances such as mobile charged ions, minerals, salts or dissolved metals in a volume of liquid. Normally TDS is used in water testing, where TDS is defined as anything present that is not pure water (H2O) molecule or suspended ...


    By Camlab Limited

  • On line analysis of organic in water case study

    Introduction On line chemical analysis has been developed significantly thanks to digital electronics' use of microprocessors together with the application of sophisticated and accurate analytical techniques. The result of this combination is readily available technology which allows for on line performance of almost any analytical determination for quality control which is ...


    By TOC Systems, Inc.

  • Asia Analysis: Battling climate impacts in low-lying Maldives

    Going carbon neutral and protecting marine environment are key to fighting climate change in the tiny island nation, says Nalaka Gunawardene. ‘Raise your voice, not the sea level’ is the theme for this year’s World Environment Day, which falls on 5 June. The theme resonates with the United Nations designating 2014 as the International Year of Small Island Developing ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • 4 Cities Show Leadership in Adapting to Local Climate Impacts

    Extreme rainfall hammered Boulder, CO with more than 17 inches of precipitation in just six days earlier this year. Salt Lake City’s snowpack—a critical water source—is showing troubling changes in its melting rates. Costly floods and overflowing storm drains ...

  • Isolation of a phenol-utilizing marine bacterium from Durban Harbour (South Africa) and its preliminary characterization as Marinobacter sp. KM2

    Many aromatic hydrocarbons assigned to the so-called high production volume chemicals (HPVCs) are frequently encountered constituents of wastewaters that end up in the sea. Although the pollutant-degrading capabilities of freshwater bacteria are well known, the catabolism of pollutants by marine bacteria has received limited attention. A marine bacterium with the ability to aerobically utilize ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Are Dutch water safety institutions prepared for climate change?

    For the water sector, adapting to the effects of climate change is a highly complex issue. Due to its geographical position, The Netherlands is vulnerable to sea level rise, increasing river discharges and increasing salt intrusion. This paper deals with the question of to what extent the historically developed Dutch water safety institutions have the capacity to cope with the β€˜new’ challenges of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Determination of processes affecting groundwater quality in the coastal aquifer beneath Puri city, India: a multivariate statistical approach

    Variability of groundwater quality parameters is linked to various processes such as weathering, organic matter degradation, aerobic respiration, iron reduction, mineral dissolution and precipitation, cation exchange and mixing of salt water with fresh water. Multivariate statistical analyses such as principal component analysis (PCA) and hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA) were applied to the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Further analysis and PMF application to the chemical composition data of IPCAJ's Kashima SPM study

    The Industrial Pollution Control Association of Japan (IPCAJ) has conducted an air quality study. A brief summary has already appeared in previous papers. This set of data was not sufficiently analysed. This study attempts to examine the performance of the Positive Matrix Factorisation (PMF), a recently introduced technique in this field, on this multiple-site Kashima data set. The source ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • TDS: `The Done Sale`

    Many Americans have at least some concern that their tap water is problematic, yet they don’t know where to begin. The TDS, or total dissolved solids, meter can be the first step in determining if there’s a problem. The term TDS has long been well-known in the water treatment industry, yet still has not penetrated the mass consumer market. However, by hearing your brief explanation, ...


    By HM Digital, Inc.

  • Characterizinig Precipitation Chemistry in Changhua, Central Taiwan Using Weather Conditions And Multivariate Analysis

    Few studies of atmospheric deposition come from the fast growing region of Southeast Asia. Precipitation in Changhua City in central Taiwan was collected to examine its chemical composition and relationship with meteorological patterns. Fifty percent of the precipitation measurements had pH ...


    By Springer

  • The Expected Impact of the Peace Conduit Project (The Red Sea – Dead Sea Pipeline) on the Dead Sea

    The Dead Sea of Israel, Jordan and Syria is a severely disturbed ecosystem, greatly damaged by anthropogenic intervention in its water balance. During the 20 th century, the Dead Sea level dropped by more than 25 meters, and presently (2003) it is at about 416 meters below mean sea level. This negative water balance is mainly due to the diversion of water from the catchment area of the lake by ...


    By Springer

  • Conductivity Theory and Measurement

    Electrical conductivity is a measure of the ability of a solution to cany* a current. Current flow in liquids differs from mat in metal conductors in that electrons cannot flow freely, but must be carried by ions. Ions are formed when a solid such as salt is dissolved in a liquid to form electrical components having opposite electrical charges. For example, sodium chloride separates to form Na" ...


    By IC Controls Ltd.

  • Source contribution of atmospheric aerosols in Bangkok metropolitan area by CMB8 receptor model

    The CMB8 model was applied for source apportionment of particulate matter in Bangkok area. The 24 h of ambient data were collected and analysed for elemental composition during December 1996 to January 1997 by high volume air samplers at a station in Bangkok, Thailand. Seven source profiles and the average mass concentrations of 42 ambient data were used to run the chemical mass balance ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Addressing New Source Permitting and Visibility Issues

    Within the past decade-- and especially in the past year-- several important developments have occurred, which affect new or proposed emission sources in virtually every region of the country. These developments include the availability of new, more accurate techniques for assessing air quality impacts, significant increases in the areas subject to assessments of pollutant impacts on Class I, ...


    By AECOM

  • Reduction of Chemicals and Salt in Dyeing Processes: Australian Dyeing Company

     The Australian Dyeing Company has overcome both competition from imports and the recession by adopting cleaner production methods. An investment of $500,000 was paid back in only two years, largely through reduced production costs associated with energy usage and chemicals consumption. The company was also able to increase its market share by marketing its Smart Cotton Colours process as an ...


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