Sonar Articles

  • Views from Inside Pearl Harbor’s USS Arizona

    Deep Trekker ROVs Provide Survivor First Live View Inside USS Arizona This year marks the seventy-fifth anniversary of Pearl Harbor and the sinking of the USS Arizona. Unlike most other ships that were bombed on that fateful day, the steel battleship suffered so much damage that it was never salvaged. The final resting place of over 900 souls, the ship has remained submerged in a shallow ...


    By Deep Trekker Inc.

  • Permanent Monitoring Systems for Seabed Leakage Detection

    Seabed leaks Where do they come from? Natural vents: Faults, Pockmarks, and Chimneys Melting hydrates Shallow gas layers Long term leakage along well casings (cracked cement) Injection: fault re-activation/fracturin Lost well control nd failing barriers The mysterious pockmarks at the ...


    By Franatech GmbH

  • Interview with Ronald Ebelhar, 2015 Chairman of the ASTM Board

    Ron Ebelhar has provided leadership in civil engineering projects and ASTM technical committee work since the 1970s. This year, he brings his experience to his elected position as chairman of the ASTM board of directors. You have worked on dozens of engineering projects since getting your degrees in civil engineering. What are some of the most interesting and challenging jobs you ...


    By ASTM International

  • The importance of wastewater force main management

    Condition assessment and management of wastewater force mains has historically been challenging for operators. Conventional methods (e.g. visual inspection, sonar and laser profiling) do not provide a comprehensive condition assessment because they do not quantify the loss of structural capacity. As WEFTEC 2013 in Chicago approaches, ...


    By Pure Technologies

  • Alum creek large diameter sewer assessment case study

    The Challenge The City of Columbus, like many municipalities, must make hard decisions on where to spend their limited capital improvement dollars. In tight economic conditions, a municipality’s decision to monitor, rehabilitate, or replace their assets is not cut and dry. Deferred maintenance of non-critical assets in one department may give other departments the monetary resources ...


    By Chester Engineers

  • Case study - Washington Suburban Sanitary Commission

    After WSSC began experiencing major PCCP failures in the 1970s, it developed a strong commitment to infrastructure management technology in favor of large capital replacements. Beginning in 2007, WSSC and Pure Technologies began a partnership to create a comprehensive PCCP management program. The Washington Suburban Sanitary Commission (WSSC) is the 8th largest water and wastewater utility in ...


    By Pure Technologies

  • Practical Guide to Triggering Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS)

    Poor access to adequate sanitation, resulting in the practice of widespread open defecation, has negative health and social impacts on communities, particularly in terms of diseases such as diarrhoea and cholera. Community-led total sanitation (CLTS) involves facilitating a process to inspire and empower rural communities to stop open defecation and to build and use latrines, without offering ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Locating pipes and cables case study

    GPR can be used to determine the location and depth of metallic, non-metallic, plastic, concrete and asbestos-concrete utilities, and cables (power, signal, etc.) Locating of  City Utilities The VIY3-300 GPR was used for locating of city utilities (water, gas, sewer, etc.). This profile shows city utilities at a depth of 1.2 and 2.0 meters (wave speed is 130 meters per ...


    By Transient Technologies LLC

  • Metabolic profiling of biofilm bacteria known to cause microbial influenced corrosion

    This study builds upon previous research that demonstrated the simplicity of obtaining metabolite profiles of bacteria in urban water networks, by using the metabolic profile of bacteria extracted from a reticulation pipe biofilm, which is known to cause microbial influenced corrosion (MIC). The extracellular metabolites of the isolated bacteria, and those bacteria in consortium, were analysed ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Understanding the spatial formation and accumulation of fats, oils and grease deposits in the sewer collection system

    Sanitary sewer overflows are caused by the accumulation of insoluble calcium salts of fatty acids, which are formed by the reaction between fats, oils and grease (FOG) and calcium found in wastewaters. Different sewer structural configurations (i.e., manholes, pipes, wet wells), which vary spatially, along with other obstructions (roots intrusion) and pipe deformations (pipe sags), may influence ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The Importance of Wastewater Force Main Management

    Condition assessment and management of wastewater force mains has historically been challenging for operators. Conventional methods (e.g. visual inspection, sonar and laser profiling) do not provide a comprehensive condition assessment because they do not quantify the loss of structural capacity. As WEFTEC 2013 in Chicago approaches, ...


    By Pure Technologies

  • A machine learning approach for estimation of shallow water depths from optical satellite images and sonar measurements

    There has been a rapid growth in the field of remote sensing and its various applications in the area of water management. Nowadays, there are several remote sensing techniques that can be used as a source to derive bathymetry data along coastal areas. The key techniques are: sonar (sound navigating and ranging), LiDAR (light detection and ranging) and high-resolution satellite images. The ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Integrated Geophysics: GPR and metal detection surveys at a retail facility

    PROJECT: GPR and EMI surveys at an active Safeway grocery store parking lot LOCATION: Rapid City, South Dakota PROJECT DESCRIPTION: Designed and performed a GPR survey in tandem with an EM-61 metal detection survey of a parking lot for a Safeway store in Rapid City, South Dakota. Surveys were designed to detect buried metallic and non-metallic drums and ...


    By ECA Geophysics

  • Shredder for solid and thick-walled profiles and pipes

    NEUE HERBOLD Maschinen- und Anlagenbau GmbH, Sinsheim, (www.neue-herbold.com), extends their machinery range by a new 4-shaft shredder with force feeding system. The 4-shaft shredder type HZR 1300/4 is able to size-reduce solid chunks and start-up lumps, as well as thick-walled profiles and pipes up to a diameter of 1200 mm x 1200 mm and up to a length of 6000 mm. The size ...

  • Granulators for Size reduction of pipes up to 6 meter (20 ft.) length

    Neue Herbold SR series granulators are designed and manufactured for the size reduction of full length profiles and pipes eliminating the need to pre-cut the material into shorter lengths. The 6000 mm (20ft.) profiles or pipes are fed horizontally into the granulator. The SR series granulators are used for applications ranging from profiles to extremely thick walled PVC, PP and PE pipes. The SR ...

  • Size reduction of profiles up to 6 meter (20 ft.) length

    Neue Herbold SR + LP series granulators are designed and manufactured for the size reduction of full length profiles and pipes eliminating the need to pre-cut the material into shorter lengths. The 6000 mm (20ft.) profiles or pipes are fed horizontally into the granulator. Generally the LP series granulators are used for the size reduction of PVC profiles and the SR series granulators are used ...

  • Size reduction of loose film, hollow containers, barrels, crates, PVC pipes (thin-walled PE / PP pipes), profile, ...

    NEUE HERBOLD granulators (LM series) are specially designed for the size reduction of voluminous, thin walled materials. Typical applications are - the size reduction of loose film ( in-line edge trims) - the size reduction of hollow containers - the size reduction of barrels - the size reduction of crates - the size reduction of PVC pipe (thin-walled PE/PP ...

  • Ocean science for sustainable development: Facts and figures

    Sarah Grimes explores why we need good ocean monitoring, how to get it, and why it still fails Small Island Developing States. Oceans are a critically important component of the Earth system, supporting ecosystem and human health. They regulate the weather and climate; are essential for producing freshwater; and soak up ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • DuroMaxx Meets Watertight Specifications at Transit Station

    Underground Stormwater Detention allows Sounder Puyallup Station Parking lot expansion Puyallup, Washington - The number of commuters to the Sounder Puyallup, Washington, station exceeded parking capacity and Sound ...

  • Application of high-resolution geophysical methods in submarine pipeline inspection

    High-resolution marine geophysical equipment employed includes single beam echo sounder (SBES), multi-beam echo sounder (MBES), sub-bottom profiler (SBP) and side scan sonar (SSS). By employing SBES, the reflection curve in shallow water reveals the real condition of pipeline; while in deep water, the reflection or diffraction curve can't reveal the real condition. Compared with SBES, MBES is ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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