Wave and Tidal Monitoring Books

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    Field Detection Technologies for Explosives

    Explosives are historically the weapons that have been most frequently used against civilians by terrorist organisations. In the past few years, the use of explosives by terrorist groups has cost the lives of more people than the combination of all other attacks, including the use of weapons of mass destruction (chemical, biological and nuclear ...

  • Salt Intrusion, Tides and Mixing in Multi-Channel Estuaries: PhD: UNESCO-IHE Institute, Delft

    Multi-channel estuaries, such as the Mekong Delta in Vietnam and the Scheldt in the Netherlands, have characteristics of both the river and the sea, forming a unique environment influenced by tidal movements of the sea and freshwater flow of the river. This study addresses a number of knowledge gaps in multi-channel estuaries by developing a ...

  • Materials Characterization by Dynamic and Modulated Thermal Analytical Techniques

    STP 1402 examines the latest dynamic and modulated thermal analytical techniques, including new interpretations and applications of Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC). The basis of many DSC methods is the modulation of temperature along with varying other parameters. Dynamic methods, including Dynamic Mechanical Analysis (DMA) and ...

  • Nondestructive and Automated Testing for Soil and Rock

    The first publication of its kind to feature state-of-the-art research on economical and timely ways to evaluate a wide range of soil and rock characteristics. 20 comprehensive peer-reviewed papers are divided into the following key areas: Nondestructive Testing Methods In The Laboratory -- Evaluation techniques including X-ray absorption, ...

  • Bioavailability of Organic Xenobiotics in the Environment

    In the continuing fight against organic environmental xenobiotics, the initial success attributed to bioremediation has paled, in part due to the low availability of xenobiotics entrapped within a soil or sediment matrix. This has generated a very significant wave of interest in the bioavailability issue. However, much experimental evidence ...

  • Seismic Wave Propagation and Scattering in the Heterogenous Earth

    Seismic waves – generated both by natural earthquakes and by man-made sources – have produced an enormous amount of information about the Earth's interior. In classical seismology, the Earth is modeled as a sequence of uniform horizontal layers (or sperical shells) having different elastic properties and one determines these properties from travel ...

  • Tsunami and its Hazards in the Indian and Pacific Oceans

    Tsunamis like the Indian Ocean tsunami caused by the Sumatra-Andaman earthquake in 2004 or the Chilean earthquake in the Pacific Ocean in 1960 motivate international collaborations for the development of tsunami warning systems. Since 1960 the Tsunami Commission, established by the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics, has been holding a ...

  • Monitoring a Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty

    An international treaty banning the testing of any nuclear device in any environment - a comprehensive test ban treaty (CTBT) - has been on the political agenda for nearly 40 years. Objections to a CTBT have been political, technical, or a combination of both. However, the possibilities seem better after the end of the Cold War. In the ...

  • Transport at the Air-Sea Interface

    Predictions of our future climate vary greatly, with detailed forecasts still subject to debate. One key uncertainty is caused by the lack of our present knowledge of transport processes in the air-water interface, which poses the main transfer resistance between the oceans and atmosphere. Modeling and predictions of our global climate can only be ...

  • Fluid Mechanics

    Fluid mechanics is a field that spreads widely and to all fields of engineering, science and medicine. The book takes this into account and provides a sound basis.This is a modern book on fluid mechanics that is written in a way needed these days to teach the subject to students in engineering and science at higher educational institutes. The book ...

  • Q of the Earth: Global, Regional, and Laboratory Studies

    Variations in seismic Q are sensitive to a much greater extent than are seismic velocity variations on factors such as temperature, fluid content, and the movement of solid state defects in the earth. For that reason an understanding of Q and its variation with position in the earth and with time should provide information in earth's tectonic ...

  • Tsunamis

    Twenty papers comprise a timely review of state-of-the-art tsunami research. Various approaches are taken to study tsunamis: field-surveys of recent tsunamis; analysis of tide-gauge records; numerical simulations of tsunami generation and propagation, tank experiments, and geological studies of tsunami deposits. The papers are also divided into ...

  • Sun, Earth and Sky

    This Second Edition of Sun, Earth and Sky updates the popular text by providing comprehensive accounts of the most recent discoveries made by five modern solar spacecraft during the past decade. Their instruments have used sound waves to peer deep into the Sun’s inner regions and measure the temperature of its central nuclear reactor, and extended ...

  • Potential Theory in Applied Geophysics

    'Potential Theory in Applied Geophysics' introduces the principles of gravitational, magnetic, electrostatic, direct current electrical and electromagnetic fields, with detailed solutions of Laplace and electromagnetic wave equations by the method of separation of variables. Behaviour of the scalar and vector potential and the nature of the ...

  • Seventy Years of Exploration in Oceanography

    The present volume documents a fireside discussion with the world renowned oceanographer, Walter Munk, and gives the reader, whether scientist or surfer, a rare insight into a lifetime of passion for oceanography and geophysics. The book highlights the pioneering contributions Walter has made to wave prediction, ocean circulation, tides and their ...

  • Surface Waves in Geomechanics: Direct and Inverse Modelling for Soils and Rocks

    The subject of this book is forward and inverse modelling of surface waves. Although the emphasis is placed in Rayleigh wave propagation in geomaterials, the theory is developed for rather general constitutive models spanning from one-component linear elasticity and viscoelasticity to multi-component systems and nonlinear continua. An attempt is ...

  • Air-Ice-Ocean Interaction

    At a time when the polar regions are undergoing rapid and unprecedented change, understanding exchanges of momentum, heat and salt at the ice-ocean interface is critical for realistically predicting the future state of sea ice. By offering a measurement platform largely unaffected by surface waves, drifting sea ice provides a unique laboratory for ...

  • Dissociative Recombination of Molecular Ions with Electrons

    In dissociative recombination, a molecular ion captures an electron and fragments into atoms, molecules or ions. Dissociative recombination plays an important and often dominant role in many low to moderate temperature plasmas found in planetary ionospheres, the interstellar medium, fusion devices, laboratory experiments, and the region near ...

  • Wavefield Inversion

    This book provides an up-to-date presentation of a broad range of contemporary problems in inverse scattering involving acoustic, elastic and electromagnetic waves. Descriptions will be given of traditional (but still in use and subject to on-going improvements) and more recent methods for identifying either:a) the homogenized material parameters ...

  • Seismic Exploration of the Deep Continental Crust

    DEKORP, the German continental reflection seismic program, was the major focus of deep seismic research in Germany in the 1980s and 1990s. The seismic sections provided fundamental new insight into deep geological structure of the European continent and the dynamics of continental formation. They formed the basis for worldwide comparative studies ...

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