The risk management system meant for advancing the preparedness of the plant for handling hazardous materials incidents. The Israeli Ministry of Environmental Protection prepared a guide for risk management, which defines the requirements of the management system (the project was managed by Hazmat), and is based on the following principles:
- Homogenous methodology of risk management according to known rules and a policy, which was determined in advance.
- Proportionality – direction of measures, resources and effort to prevent risks according to the risk level.
- Focusing on the main issue – focusing on especially hazardous substances.
- The plants are responsible for their risk management.
- Risk management of earthquake for especially hazardous processes.
Development of risk management system in a dangerous plant is consist of four stages:
- Identification of regulated processes, which are processes (including storage), which involves regulated hazardous substance above the threshold amount. The identification of the regulated processes is essential for determination of risk management plans for processes. In accordance with the risk assessment and specific data of every plant the risk management plans will be defines for each separate process. The plans are classified according to severity from plan 1 (law risk) until plan 3 (high risk).
- Preparation of the frame of risk management plans for processes (in this stage the plans are still not completed) as well as preparation of the plant plan and the checklists to submit to the Ministry of Environmental Protection. An important part in this stage is defining the gaps between the existing data in the plant and the required risk management plans in each process.
- Completion of risk management plan for each process separately in accordance with the classification of the process (plan 1, plan 2 or plan 3). This stage can be performed only after the completion o f the two former stages and a strict examination of the inventory.
- preparation to earthquake.