Soil & Groundwater Articles

  • How Not to Lose Cadmium While Measuring?

    Today cadmium finds a better usage than a hundred years ago. For example, metal cadmium plating is used for anticorrosion coatings that are more stable than zinc, nickel and tin-plated. Cadmium plating of steel parts gives greater resistance to corrosion, especially in sea water. About 20% of cadmium goes to the manufacture of cadmium electrodes used in ...


    By Lumex Instruments Group

  • Revolutionary advances in safer tube and pipe machinery can be a direct result of the evolutionary nature of product development.

    It’s remarkable how fast changes occur in devices we utilize in our everyday lives. Living in an era of seemingly boundless innovation, new products are introduced and then continuously refined by driving forces such as competition, regulation, improved technology, liability, labor, material costs, and consumer demand. Amazingly, many life-defining inventions can progress from a creative ...


    By Tri Tool Inc.

  • Confirming Natural Attenuation Processes at a Coastal Site - Case Study

    Past waste disposal practices at a California coastal site resulted in a groundwater plume containing CVOCs (mainly chlorinated ethenes [CEs] and 1,1-dichloroethane) migrating offshore towards a marine harbor. CVOCs are present in the sediment porewater adjacent to the shoreline, but concentrations decreased significantly between 2000 and 2015, and NA in the marine sediments was suspected. To ...


    By SIREM

  • A history of chemically resistant membranes

    The use of polymeric membranes for filtration of non-aqueous solutions started around 1960 and has been developed significantly since then [1]. Today, non-aqueous membrane filtration applications in chemical and pharmaceutical processing account for more than 25% of the global total polymeric membrane market [2]. ...


    By Sterlitech Corporation

  • Determination of Flow Rates in part-filled Applications using the Radar Method

    Introduction The radar measurement method plays an increasingly important role in the water and wastewater field. This is particularly reflected by the "Metering outside of the medium" trend. Flow measurement using radar which enables contactless measurements thus becomes a major focal point. It features a wide range of applications and hence is useful as permanent measurement system for ...


    By NIVUS GmbH

  • Oil Recycling - Case Study

    The problem: Waste oil recycling contributes very much to climate protection through (CO2) energy saving. Compared to the production of base oil the re-refining of waste oil uses 34 % less resources. In the sixties the German government was subsidising the re-refining of waste oil. Because of that the use of waste oil as a fuel was neglected. The used oil re-refining is the ...


    By Dirk European Holdings LTD

  • A solution to fracturing water supply and disposal issues

    “Water, water, everywhere, Nor any drop to drink.” –The Rime of the Ancient Mariner, Samuel Taylor Coleridge Many topics of conversation among oil and gas industry professionals are predictable – oil price trends, the “great shift change” imperiling the available workforce, and production quotas and caps from OPEC. Yet one pressing topic among those developing ...


    By Fairmount Santrol

  • Horizontal Remediation Wells - Case Study

    Why wait 30 year…when HRWs are here today! After 30 years of remediation, the responsible party became frustrated with the limitations of vertical wells and the inability of methods used to achieve cleanup goals.  Seeking site closure, the soon to be client, turned to Directional Technologies and Horizontal Remediation Wells (HRWs) to break the stalemate.  The HRWs were ...

  • Enhanced Bio-Remediation of Wastewater

    Bioremediation has been used to treat hydrocarbon contamination in municipal wastewater for centuries. Most microbes used in bioremediation today are naturally occurringyetspecifically chosen and cultured versus being genetically modified. Bioremediation rivals techniques such as pump and treat extraction systems, as it provide cost savings for municipalities, as well as environmental savings by ...


    By DELTA REMEDIATION INC

  • Western gateway storage company first to save with Evapcold - Case Study

    The best solution for freezer and cooler applications Western Gateway Project Specifications Equipment: (2) LCR-060P-L20-2H-W Evapcold Units (2) ATWB 9-7K12 Fluid Coolers Capacity: 70 TR per LCR Unit x (2) = 140 TR max capacity Charge: 290 lbs. NH3 per LCR Unit x (2) = 580 lbs. NH3 vs. 3500 lbs. NH3 ...


    By Evapco Inc.

  • Laboratory test report - the effect of scale formation on heat transfer coils

    Background EVAPCO, Inc. recently introduced new Evaporative Condensers and Closed Circuit Coolers which utilize extended surface coils. For decades extended “fin” surfaces have been used on heat transfer coils, often referred to as “finned coils” primarily in an effort to increase dry capacity. However, in the past the fin material was limited to carbon steel tubes ...


    By Evapco Inc.

  • Low recirculation rate evaporators

    Abstract Fin coil evaporators with enhanced internal tube surfaces allow for optimum performance with a minimal overfeed rate. Reducing the overfeed rate requiresless pumping power and smaller line sizes to the evaporator. Additionally, less compressor power is required for the same refrigeration capacity because the wet suction line pressure drop is reduced. Lower compressor power results ...


    By Evapco Inc.

  • Lower convection pass casing enclosure and Economizer hoppers - Case study

    Purpose This plant service bulletin (I*SB) advises owners and operators to inspect the lower convection pass casing enclosure and economizer hopper supports for damage due to erosion, corrosion, excessive ash accumulation or abnormal temperature variations. It also recommends that ash level instrumentation be added to all economizer ash hoppers to avoid overfilling them. ...


    By Babcock & Wilcox MEGTEC LLC

  • UP Boiler mix stud plate cracking - Case study

    Purpose Advise customers to inspect for cracks in wall tubes in the furnace enclosure mix areas of UP boilers that were designed prior to 1973. Several recent inspections have revealed stud plate deterioration and cracking, which has propagated into the tube wall, typically at the termination of the stud plate or membrane weld. Problem Figure 1 shows the "H" ...


    By Babcock & Wilcox MEGTEC LLC

  • Master hand hole (MHH) Plug welding recommendations - Case study

    Purpose This plant service bulletin advises owners and operators of B&W equipment on the recommended seal welding procedure for Master Hand Hole (MHH) plugs. Problem MHH plugs are available in carbon steel (SA-181-70) or 2!4Cr-lMo (SA-182 F22 CL3) for installation in various header and piping materials. Some seal welding methods have resulted in weld ...


    By Babcock & Wilcox MEGTEC LLC

  • How Arsenic Is Removed from Drinking Water

    Drinking water is a vital and life-giving resource. Clean and filtered drinking water keeps you healthy and safe from harmful chemicals that can immediately harm you or slowly damage your body. That is why arsenic removal from drinking water should be handled by professionals, and it should be done to all possible sources of water that supply homes and businesses. Those who are dedicated to ...

  • Tipping Back an “Interesting” Pint

    How about a nice tall glass of ice-cold beer… made from recycled sewage water? Did you hesitate? Well, now let’s think about it: most breweries use some combination of hops, malted barley, yeast, and…. well… clean water! But beer from recycled wastewater? That’s exactly what took place March 19-10 at the 2017 WateReuse California Annual Conference in San Diego. ...


    By Sterlitech Corporation

  • The Best Ground Water Treatment Methods

    Many homes and businesses depend on ground water or surface water as a vital water source. Unfortunately, much of this water has not been filtered through municipal water treatment and distribution technology. This means that the water many people consume, cook with, and use for basic hygiene can contain potentially harmful particles, including pathogens, tiny organic matter, sediment, ...

  • Geoweb 3D Confinement System reinforces active heavy load areas at CSX Rail Laydown Yard Charleston, South Carolina - Case Study

    Project Overview: The CSX Charleston Intermodal terminal aggregate surface lot required base reinforcement due to poor subgrade conditions. The two areas included one area to support 120,000 pound reach stackers lifting and moving 10,000 pound containers and an existing grass area to support empty chassis parking. ...


    By Presto Geosystems

  • Cedar springs Presbyterian church parking improvements - Knoxville, Tennessee - Case Study

    The Cedar Springs Presbyterian Church low-impact parking improvements project began as an addition to meet the Church’s parking needs and to provide a new site entrance to improve access and traffic circulation within the Church campus. The desire to develop the property as good stewards and include “green” or sustainable design practices led to the decision for this 169 -space, ...


    By Presto Geosystems

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