Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) Articles

  • High voltage switchgear SF6 maintenance – Case Study

    Just like the main circuit breaker in your home, city grids have main on/off switches called switchgears. When these high voltage switchgears open or close, huge "lightning-like" arcs of electricity are created. If not maintained correctly, these sparks can causewidespread power outages and pose a safety risk. To avoid these dangerous sparks, power companies have traditionally filled the sealed ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Using a Ground Penetrating Radar (Important terms)

    Air Low dielectric (~1), high velocity material i.e. EM waves travel almost at the speed of light. In air the emission pattern of GPR antennas is broader than in the ground. It is recommended to place the GPR as close to the ground as possible to direct emission energy further into a material. Some applications of GPR include emission exclusively in air.Ground / ...


    By Oerad Tech Ltd

  • Technology array enables linked surveys above and below the surface

    CONSULTANTS at GEL Geophysics LLC, a geophysical and subsurface utility engineering consulting firm based in Charleston, South Carolina, in collaboration with the Ontario, California, office of David Evans and Associates Inc., a professional consulting firm, have combined existing surveying technology to create a system that is far more than a sum of its parts. The innovation is a multi-sensor ...


    By ImpulseRadar

  • Integrated sensing technologies for detection and location of leaks in water distribution networks

    Water distribution networks (WDNs) are infrastructure systems that have high socioeconomic values, for which efficient operation and management are required to ensure minimal amounts of waste which can be represented in the form of leaks. Leak detection is considered as one of the challenges faced by municipalities operating WDNs because it either involves shutting down the system or requires ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Meltwater flow through a rapidly deglaciating glacier and foreland catchment system: Virkisjökull, SE Iceland

    Virkisjökull is a rapidly retreating glacier in south-east Iceland. A proglacial lake has formed in the last ten years underlain by buried ice. In this study we estimate water velocities through the glacier, proglacial foreland and proglacial river using tracer tests and continuous meltwater flow measurements. Tracer testing from a glacial moulin to the glacier outlet in September 2013 ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Monitoring underground water resources in Brazil - Case study

    The Coca-Cola FENSA plant in Mogi das Cruzes is responsible for bottling mineral water supplied from two ground water sources. The plant is a benchmark for environmental sustainability projects. With this pioneer project the Mogi das Cruzes plant was the first of the Coca-Cola FENSA Group to install an online analysis monitoring, using the OTT PLS and OTT DuoSens datalogger, along with other Hach ...


    By OTT HydroMet

  • Searching for Archeological Anomalies in the Oluz Mound - Case Study

    The History Of The Oluz Mound The Oluz Mound near Amasya, Turkey, is a very important ancient Turkish settlement with a history stretching back to 4,500 B.C. For archaeologists, this site in Central Turkey is an exciting opportunity to discover not just the area’s history, but the history of the birthplace of civilizations. ...


    By Advanced Geosciences, Inc.

  • GPR to uncover Connecticut`s past

    Crouched beside one of the many stone walls that crisscross Pachaug State Forest in Voluntown, Brian Jones held one end of a rope threaded into a single-wheeled contraption that resembled a high-tech scooter attached to a computer screen. While Debbie Surabian, soil scientist with the Natural Resources Conservation Service, tracked grainy images of what lies underground on a computer screen ...


    By Geomorph Instruments

  • Germany/Eislingen - Permanent leakage monitoring is the fastest way to reduce leakage - Case study

    The town of Eislingen in Southern Germany has practiced Active Leakage Control for many years with a team of two equipped with a ground microphone and correlator who drive around in a van searching for leaks. As many of the pipes are one hundred years they had a good success rate often finding leaks. With two hundred and forty kilometers in the network, there is a large area for one team to cover ...


    By Gutermann AG

  • How Remote Sensing Can Save Time & Money - Roads & Bridges

    A 2014, Department of Transportation report finds that to maintain the condition of U.S. highways and bridges at 2010 levels through the year 2030, between $65.3 billion and $86.3 billion per year would be required. A suburb in the greater St. Louis area has recently been ...


    By EnTech Engineering Company

  • 3D model evolution of a leak based on GPR image interpretation

    This paper presents some aspects of the time propagation of underground water leakage in controlled laboratory conditions using a drilled polyvinyl chloride (PVC) pipe and interpreting ground penetrating radar (GPR) images. GPR pre-processed images are interpreted for easy identification and extraction of surfaces and volumes of water leakage. Finally, the temporal evolution of a water leak is ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Multi-sensor inspection robot shows benefits of pipe penetrating radar - Case Study

    Pipe penetrating radar (PPR), the in-pipe application of ground penetrating radar (GPR) is one of the most promising quantitative pipe condition assessment technologies to emerge in recent years. With most of the underground pipe infrastructure reaching the end of their design life there is a need to provide measurable data in order to establish the extent of rehabilitation required or the timing ...


    By SewerVUE

  • Electronic Water Meter For Leakage Repair - Case Study

    Every year, EMS (Energy Management System) produces and markets smart electronic water meters (domestic/ bulk), wireless transmission data logger (GSM/ GPRS), and advanced AMR (Automatic Metering Reading) systems. Unlike traditional mechanical water meter, the magnet-free electronic smart water meter with class C (CNS 14866) metrological performance can maintain 12 years battery lifespan. With a ...

  • Archaeological survey 2

    The site of the Meadows’ Wesleyan Cemetery in the Adelaide is thought to contain more than 130 unmarked graves. This site initially had a chapel constructed on it in 1840 and the first burial in 1855.  The initial chapel was replaced by a more substantial stone building in 1856.  Burials continued in this cemetery sporadically until the 1940’s although the site became less ...

  • Topographic Correction of GPR Profile Based on Odometer and Inclinometer Data

    Abstract— Usually, data obtained by ground penetrating radar (GPR) are displayed as a rectangular 2D picture (profile), vertical and horizontal axes of which are proportional to depth and traveled distance, respectively. Surface, generally, is not horizontal, that leads to distorted view of irregularities in the GPR profile. To eliminate these distortions a topographic correction is used. ...


    By Transient Technologies LLC

  • Transmitter/Receiver Pulse-Driven Antenna Arrav with Near Field Beam-Forming for UWB Subsurface Imaging Radar

    Abstract: The paper is devoted to design of impulse or equivalent ultra-wide baud array antenna for subsurface radar system. Receiving elements of this autenna are arranged in array with small physical aperture and polarimetric features. Two transmitting element support two polarization states for radiating signals. The radar antenna provides down-looking scanning in subsurface medium for small ...


    By Transient Technologies LLC

  • An Inertial Measurement Unit Application for a GPR Tracking and Positioning

    Abstract Abilities of an inertial measurement unit (IMU) for ground penetrating radar (GPR) tracking and positioning are presented at this paper. The IMU operation principle is based on calculating of the device's orientation in space via measurement of linear accelerations and angular velocities. Features of the IMU, GPS and wheel odometer are compared. Principal scheme of the IMU consisted ...


    By Transient Technologies LLC

  • Drift Step Recovery Devices Utilization for Electromagnetic Pulse Radiation

    Abstract—Utilization of drift step recovery devices for high power electromagnetic short pulse radiation is discussed here. Possibility of powerful impulse radiation is connected with decision of two problems: how to reach stable extremely powerful impulse of nanosecond and subnanosecond duration with repetition rate of dozens and hundreds of kHz; and how to bring to antenna and radiate ...


    By Transient Technologies LLC

  • Time-Domain Physical-Optics Simulation Technique for Electromagnetic Imaging by Subsurface Radar

    Abstract - This paper presents a 2-D scalar numerical time-domain (TD) model based on physical optics (PO) for simulation of electromagnetic phenomena. This TD-PO model should be applied for detection and location of objects hidden in opaque media by subsurface TD radar system. The proposed approach allows considering of basic physical principles, governing electromagnetic radiation and ...


    By Transient Technologies LLC

  • Adaptive Kinetic Antenna

    Abstract - The paper describes a method of kinetic antenna development that can be adapted to environmental conditions. The kinetic antenna is a variety of integrated into impulse generator active antenna that is used for kinetic energy accumulation. Such antennas are attractive for ground penetrating radars owing to its possibility to change radiation spectrum in according with ground ...


    By Transient Technologies LLC

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