Groundwater Data Articles

  • Why You Should Monitor Groundwater?

    What is groundwater? Groundwater is water that is stored below the earth’s surface. When rain or other sources of water come into contact with the ground, the majority of it travels below the surface. Though much of this moisture is then absorbed by plants or returned to the atmosphere (through infiltration), some water will travel deeper beneath the surface – where it ...


    By Aquaread Limited

  • A scalable open-source web-analytic framework to improve satellite-based operational water management in developing countries

    Two software development hurdles to advancing real-world operationalization of satellite datasets for water management are addressed in this study. First, a simple, easy-to-build and open-source web portal connecting to a back-end complex model is developed for resource-constrained developing nations. Second, to enhance the skill of satellite-based predictions, an innovative and dynamic web ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Five principles of uncertainty for modelers discussed in November-December issue of Groundwater

    If you’re a member of the NGWA Scientists and Engineers Section, you will soon receive your copy of the November-December 2017 of Groundwater®, an issue brimming with a wide range of topics. In his Guest Editorial, Randall J. Hunt offers five principles of uncertainty for groundwater modelers. He argues that uncertainty must ...

  • Why do water points fail? Learning from open-ended failure descriptions in the WPDx dataset

    Despite the explosion of geospatial data collected on water points, there have been relatively few efforts to date to use these data to understand the correlates and potential causes of water point breakdowns. We add to this literature by coding open-ended responses around functionality status in the open-access WPDx (Water Point Data Exchange) database. We code responses into 41 different ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Vertical Electrical Sounding for Geotechnical Site Characterization - Case Study

    Background The site borehole information demonstrates that the sediments are sitting on the top of Ignimbrite and there is also fractured Ignimbrite weathered with the content of clay is located at the bottom.  Purpose The study was made to determine the sedimentary thicknesses as well as to obtain the contact between ...


    By Advanced Geosciences, Inc.

  • Report documents effects of 40 years of groundwater withdrawal

    The cumulative effects of 40 years of groundwater withdrawals in the Houston-Galveston region are documented in a report from the United States Geological Survey. Decades of extensive withdrawals have caused the land to sink, or subside. The Houston-Galveston region is one of the largest areas of land surface subsidence in the U.S., according to the agency. Water withdrawals started as early as ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Rainfall changes blamed for India’s groundwater depletion

    Changes in rainfall may be responsible for reducing groundwater storage in India more than withdrawals for agricultural irrigation, according to a recently published analysis. Overextraction has long been thought to be responsible for declines in groundwater, but the researchers found less rainfall to be a more important factor. They believe it’s the result of higher temperatures in the ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Brackish groundwater desalination on the rise

    Brackish water is water that is more saline than fresh. It’s not quite as saline as seawater, but it’s still too salty to be used without treatment. Typically, advanced treatment technologies — reverse osmosis and ultrafiltration, as well as other membrane-based technologies — are needed to purify and desalinate brackish groundwater before its use. Brackish groundwater ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Making Australian groundwater data accessible: the value of collaboration

    Access to nationally consistent information is essential to support informed decision-making about Australia's vital groundwater resources. However, until now it has been difficult to depict a seamless national picture of groundwater resources and frame groundwater issues at a national scale. This is because groundwater data is typically managed locally without consistent format or ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Prediction of the permeability-reducing effect of cement infiltration into sandy soils

    Univariate analysis on the permeability-reducing effects of cement infiltration into sandy soil was carried out using a series of experiments on sandy soil infiltrated by adding fine cement grains. The SPSS statistical analysis software was used on these experimental data to construct multivariate prediction models on the permeability-reducing effects of cement infiltration into sandy soils. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Data Management and Visualization for Interim Measure Plan - Case Study

    Challenge Groundwater impact was discovered at the bedrock surface off-site and the client needed to quickly be able to access a long history of site data and develop a conceptual site model. Visually understanding where the impacted groundwater was in relation to property boundaries, surface water and stratigraphic features was critical for the client to determine next steps. ...


    By Antea Group - USA

  • Case Study - Groundwater Monitoring Network Investigation - Okanagan Kootenay Region

    Western Water Associates was tasked with analyzing groundwater chemistry data, recommending modifications of monitoring networks, and enhancing the capability of client staff to interpret data and present findings. They selected EnviroInsite as their principal data visualization application and made rich use of its capabilities to present spatial and temporal patterns in water quality ...


    By EI LLC

  • A recipe for standards-based data sharing using open source software and low-cost electronics

    Environmental data are critical to understanding environmental phenomena, yet their consistent collection and curation can be cost-prohibitive. This paper describes a recipe for the design, development, and deployment of a low-cost environmental data logging and transmission system for environmental sensors and its connection to an open source data-sharing network. The hardware is built using ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Facing the challenge of extreme climate: the case of Metropolitan São Paulo

    Climate variability has always posed important challenges to water resources planners and engineers. Recent hydrologic data from different parts of the world show that the use of traditional stationary series statistical methods to assess risk and uncertainty may not produce reliable estimates. In particular, the 2014–2015 drought in Metropolitan São Paulo that was followed by major flooding ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Comparison of autoregressive moving average and state space methods for monthly time series modelling of Labrador and South-East Quebec river flows

    Time series data such as monthly stream flows can be modelled using time series methods and then used to simulate or forecast flows for short term planning. Two methods of time series modelling were reviewed and compared: the well-known auto regressive moving average (ARMA) method and the state-space time-series (SSTS) method. ARMA has been used in hydrology to model and simulate flows with ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • HydroUnits: supporting dimensional analysis in hydrologic computing systems using sensor-based standards

    Unit representation in the Transducer Electronic Data Sheet (TEDS) specified in the IEEE 1451 standards is a binary sequence of 10 octets that encode the physical units as a product of the seven Système International base units, plus radian and steradian, each raised to a rational power in addition to an unsigned integer indicating the structure of the unit. While this representation seems ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Extending HydroShare to enable hydrologic time series data as social media

    The Consortium of Universities for the Advancement of Hydrologic Science Inc. (CUAHSI) hydrologic information system (HIS) is a widely used service oriented system for time series data management. While this system is intended to empower the hydrologic sciences community with better data storage and distribution, it lacks support for the kind of ‘Web 2.0’ collaboration and social-networking ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Reversing hydrology: quantifying the temporal aggregation effect of catchment rainfall estimation using sub-hourly data

    Inferred rainfall sequences generated by a novel method of inverting a continuous time transfer function show a smoothed profile when compared to the observed rainfall, however, streamflow generated using the inferred catchment rainfall is almost identical to observed streamflow (Rt2 > 97%). This paper compares the effective rainfall inferred by the regularised ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Groundwater data network interoperability

    Water data networks are increasingly being integrated to answer complex scientific questions that often span large geographical areas and cross political borders. Data heterogeneity is a major obstacle that impedes interoperability within and between such networks. It is resolved here for groundwater data at five levels of interoperability, within a Spatial Data Infrastructure architecture. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The eReefs data brokering layer for hydrological and environmental data

    The environmental sciences are witnessing a data revolution as large amounts of data are being made available at an increasing rate. Many datasets are being published through operational monitoring programs, research activities and global earth observation virtual laboratories. An important aspect is the ability to query relevant metadata which can potentially provide useful information to ...


    By IWA Publishing

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