Groundwater Flow Articles

  • Why You Should Monitor Groundwater?

    What is groundwater? Groundwater is water that is stored below the earth’s surface. When rain or other sources of water come into contact with the ground, the majority of it travels below the surface. Though much of this moisture is then absorbed by plants or returned to the atmosphere (through infiltration), some water will travel deeper beneath the surface – where it ...


    By Aquaread Limited

  • Five principles of uncertainty for modelers discussed in November-December issue of Groundwater

    If you’re a member of the NGWA Scientists and Engineers Section, you will soon receive your copy of the November-December 2017 of Groundwater®, an issue brimming with a wide range of topics. In his Guest Editorial, Randall J. Hunt offers five principles of uncertainty for groundwater modelers. He argues that uncertainty must ...

  • Sensitivity of groundwater flow with respect to the drain–aquifer leakage coefficient

    Mitigation measures may be used to prevent soil and water pollution from waste disposal, landfill sites, septic or chemical storage tanks. Among them, drains and impervious barriers may be set up. The efficiency of this technique can be evaluated by means of groundwater modeling tools. The groundwater flow and the leakage drain–aquifer interactions are implemented in a conforming finite ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • In-Situ Treatment - Funnel & Gate System - Case Study

    Problem An asphalt testing facility, in operation for many years, closed in the early 1990s. A subsequent environmental assessment revealed that an underground storage tank, used to hold common cleaning/degreasing solvent for use during testing, had developed a leak and had to be abandoned. The storage tank and soil in the immediate vicinity was removed as the first step to remediate ...


    By C3 Environmental Limited

  • The importance of groundwater monitoring

    Groundwater monitoring is an essential element in any environmental information system. Based upon validated groundwater monitoring data, information is derived on which decisions can be made. Constant monitoring provides the necessary data input for your smart environment and is basically the basis of the decision making process concerning spatial planning and climate change adaptation. As in ...


    By Eijkelkamp Soil & Water

  • Researchers: Current global groundwater recharge models inaccurate

    A large-scale analysis of existing water resource models used around the world has found some key processes are missing, which means estimates of water availability could be wrong and cannot be reliably used for making water management decisions. The international team of scientists found that important climate change impact models are wrong in some areas. One finding was that groundwater ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Development of two-dimensional groundwater flow simulation model using meshless method based on MLS approximation function in unconfined aquifer in transient state

    In recent decades, due to reduction in precipitation, groundwater resource management has become one of the most important issues considered to prevent loss of water. Many solutions are concerned with the investigation of groundwater flow behavior. In this regard, development of meshless methods for solving the groundwater flow system equations in both complex and simple aquifers' geometry ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Report documents effects of 40 years of groundwater withdrawal

    The cumulative effects of 40 years of groundwater withdrawals in the Houston-Galveston region are documented in a report from the United States Geological Survey. Decades of extensive withdrawals have caused the land to sink, or subside. The Houston-Galveston region is one of the largest areas of land surface subsidence in the U.S., according to the agency. Water withdrawals started as early as ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Flood modeling and mitigation measures in an Urban Environment –Victoria, Australia - Case Study

    Abstract Accurate prediction of flood extents in urban catchments is extremely difficult without having a 1d/2d integrated modeling approach. The integrated flood modeling is becoming popular and a new benchmark for urban flood risk management studies. City of Glen Eira in Victoria, Australia is a developed metropolitan municipality. The council is responsible for the management ...


    By XP Solutions

  • Modelling the Thatcham Flood - Case Study

    Overview On 20th July 2007, an unusual storm swept west across England along the approximate line of the M4 motorway. Thatcham, a town in Berkshire, was one of the worst affected. Many towns in England flooded that month from the Humber to Tewksbury. In fact there were 200 major floods worldwide in 2007 affecting 180 million people. Some of these floods were caused by rainfalls much more ...


    By XP Solutions

  • Simulation of storage scheme in the MHS underground reservoir recharged by water from the South-to-North Water Diversion

    The level of groundwater has fallen dramatically in the plain, and several obvious cones of depression in the groundwater surface around waterworks have expanded, because of groundwater over-drafting in Beijing. This condition has led to reductions in available groundwater resources, and has even restricted the economic development of Beijing. However, an opportunity has been provided for ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Hydrochemical characteristics and quality assessment of urban groundwater in Urmia City, NW Iran

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality and hydrochemical characteristics of urban groundwater in Urmia City, northwest of Iran. In order, 59 groundwater samples were collected and analyzed for various anions and cations. Result shows that, mineral weathering, ion exchange and anthropogenic activity are the main hydrochemical processes controlling urban groundwater chemistry. The ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Wastewater and groundwater

    Nearly 25 percent of the population in the United States—in more than 25 million homes—disposes of wastewater through onsite, or unsewered, systems that return treated effluent to the ground. This is an important public health issue because many of those same homes use wells that rely on groundwater for the drinking water supply. With ...

  • USGS surveys, models high plains groundwater resources

    A United States Geological Survey publication and model of groundwater resources in the Northern High Plains aquifer can be used to better understand the region’s water resources, a critical component of scientific water management. This type of comprehensive study has not been made in more than 30 years The models can be used to assess the flow, quantity, sources, and sinks of groundwater ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Isotopic analysis of water cycle elements in different land covers in a small headwater watershed

    In this study, comparisons of isotopic variation of rainfall, throughfall, surface water, and groundwater were conducted in the Meilin watershed, which represents two different land uses, chestnut wood and bamboo. Also, isotopic differences between rainfall and throughfall were identified in these sub-watersheds. The results showed that the isotopic value of incremental rainfall, incremental ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • E-Z Trays® Treating Multiple Groundwater Contaminants in Grand Island, NE - Case Study

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has launched an effort to treat contaminated groundwater in Grand Island, Nebraska. The Parkview Well Superfund Site consists of two areas of groundwater contamination, the Northern and Southern Plumes, which include several volatile organic contaminants including tetrachloroethene (PCE), 1,1-dichloroethene (DCE), 1,1,1-trichloroethane (1,1,1-TCA) and ...

  • A transboundary aquifer of potential concern in Southern Africa

    Tuli Karoo transboundary aquifer (TBA) is shared between Botswana, South Africa and Zimbabwe in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) region. The TBA provides groundwater resources for various economic activities. Irrespective of the value offered by this TBA, there is very little research that has been conducted to improve understanding of the physical system and potential ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Tracer test and behavior of selected pharmaceuticals

    Study of the behavior and transport of pharmaceuticals in groundwater is significant for understanding the processes of natural attenuation and potential use of filtration through the aquifer to evaluate the most effective way to remove pharmaceuticals that occur under anthropogenic influence. This paper presents the results of a field experiment at the location of the drainage system of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Large Precipitation Events are Critical in Replenishing Groundwater Resources

    Large precipitation events that occur about every 10 years are a critical source of recharge for replenishing groundwater resources, according to a new study by the U.S. Geological Survey and the Bureau of Reclamation. Groundwater is a vital source of water in the western United States, and will be increasingly ...

  • Measurement of NAPL–water interfacial areas and mass transfer rates in two-dimensional flow cell

    The nonaqueous-phase liquid (NAPL)–water interfacial area and the mass transfer rate across the NAPL and water interface are often key factors in in situ groundwater pollution treatment. In this study, the NAPL–water interfacial area and residual NAPL saturation were measured using interfacial and partitioning tracer tests in a two-dimensional flow cell. The results were compared with ...


    By IWA Publishing

Need help finding the right suppliers? Try XPRT Sourcing. Let the XPRTs do the work for you