Water & Wastewater Articles

  • Wastewater and groundwater

    Nearly 25 percent of the population in the United States—in more than 25 million homes—disposes of wastewater through onsite, or unsewered, systems that return treated effluent to the ground. This is an important public health issue because many of those same homes use wells that rely on groundwater for the drinking water supply. With ...

  • Control Algae and Improve the Water Quality in Waste Stabilization Ponds

    Due to population growth, accelerated urbanisation and economic development, the quantity of waste water generated is increasing globally. Mainly in low-income areas, a large proportion of the waste water is discharged directly in the environment. When the waste water is treated, the treatment plants may not remove certain pollutants that can have a negative impact on the people and ecosystem. ...


    By LG Sonic

  • Advancements in Scaling Calculations and an in depth look at Antiscalant dosing for stressed waters and high recovery systems

    Abstract Over the past few decades the Reverse Osmosis (RO) industry has observed an increase in applications in challenging waters. Water sources that were never considered suitable for RO are now commonplace, including municipal waste streams, industrial waste, and even mining waste. Furthermore, regulatory restrictions, environmental obligations, solid waste expenses, and water supply ...


    By Avista Technologies

  • Nitrate Analysis of Water Samples Using a Benchtop UV-Vis Spectrophotometer

    Nitrogen is naturally found in groundwater and surface water in the form of nitrate, nitrite, or ammonium. The EPA has established a maximum contaminant level of nitrate-nitrogen in potable water of 10ppm. This application presents results of UV-Vis analysis of nitrate concentrations in drinking water, ground water, and industrial wastewater, showing that the manual colorimetric method is ...

  • Articulated Concrete Blocks Provide Much Needed Protection for Your Pipeline

    One of the many ways that articulated concrete blocks can protect pipelines is by adding structural stability in areas that are particularly prone to erosion. This erosion is not the only type of hazard posed to your pipeline, though, and if you don’t have the proper protection in place, your pipeline could be susceptible to deterioration at the hands of these other threats as well: ...

  • [Technical Paper] Biomass Evolution in Full-Scale Drinking Water Filters

    After nearly two-years of work, we could advance our understanding of ATP measurement in drinking water biofilters. I will describe some of the background and key results from the study below – more information is provided in the Journal AWWA December 2016 article. Background of the ...


    By LuminUltra Technologies Ltd.

  • Horizontal Recirculation Wells Remediate Fuel Oil Impacts

    Catering to the unique needs of the client and working hand-in-hand with the consultant, Directional Technologies approached a challenging remedial situation with flexibility and a new approach to re-task a horizontal injection well system to horizontal recirculation wells. Directional Technologies invites you to read another case study explaining how a project benefited from decades of ...

  • Monitoring hydrocarbons in Bilge water - Case study

    The Situation Various processes onboard ships, such as machinery wash-down, maintenance, and leakage, generate oily wastewater. This contaminated water flow collects in the bilge of the ship. Marine diesel, lubricating oils, grease, as well as other contaminants may be present in bilge water. The bilge water is discharged overboard, with oil and grease concentrations in the discharged ...

  • Cyanobacterial Blooms

    Cyanobacterial blooms can lead to a depletion of oxygen in the water, a release of toxins, as well as taste and odour problems. Cyanobacteria, also known as blue-green algae are found in the oldest known fossils, dating back 3.5 billion years. They were the organisms that caused the first mass extinction on earth, but are also the reason for the earth as we know it today. They released the first ...


    By LG Sonic

  • Ship-mounted Direct and Diffuse Hyperspectral Radiometers successfully measure Solar Irradiances and Aerosol Optical Depth

    Marine AOD measurements matter because aerosols can affect respiratory health, climate change, and the safety of aircraft during volcanic events. However, routine marine Aerosol Optical Depth (AOD) surface-based observations are in short supply because it is both difficult and expensive to operate conventional automatic sun photometers at sea. Two prototype hyperspectral radiometers have shown ...


    By Delta-T Devices Ltd.

  • TOC analyzer for airports

    During winter, de-icing processes at airports necessitate storm water and de-icing water management. Especially due to adhesive (sticky) substances, strongly fluctuating concentrations and a lot of chemicals, the monitoring systems itself must be tailor-made to fight this water analysis challenge. LAR 's ...


    By LAR Process Analysers AG

  • The design and build of a process and wastewater treatment plant - Inlet: 900 mc/h - Case Study

    The client Ferrara Food, part of the S.F.I.R. group, is a company operating in the agro-industrial sector. More specifically Ferrara Food operates within the preserved food industry, specialising in tomato processing, from fresh product to semi-finished and finished products. Semi-finished products can be 200kg containers, or 1200kg bigbags, filled through an ...


    By IDRAFLOT

  • 99% of Interceptor contamination remediated - Case study

    What is an Interceptor Tank? An interceptor tank is a trap used to filter out hydrocarbon pollutants from rainwater runoff. It is typically used in road construction and on petrol station forecourts to prevent fuel contamination of the water table via runoff. Petrol interceptors work on the premise that some hydrocarbons such as petrol and diesel float on the ...


    By Slick Solutions

  • Interactive energetic optimisation of a waste water treatment plant by means of a load profile

    Funding project "Energy optimisation of the clarification plant Blümeltal" in the environment innovation programme Abstract Interactive Energetic Optimisation of a Waste water Treatment System Using a Load Profile Funded Project "Energy Optimisation of the Blümeltal Waste Water Treatment Plant" in the Environment Innovation Programme The Blümeltal waste ...


    By BITControl GmbH

  • 4700 Sampler Industrial Park Wastewater Monitoring - InfraServ Knapsack, Germany - Case Study

    The Model 4700 Automatic Refrigerated Sampler from Teledyne Isco, Inc. is used for water quality monitoring at an industrial park operated by InfraServ Knapsack, Germany InfraServ Knapsack InfraServ GmbH & Co. Knapsack KG is the company that operates the Chemical Industrial Park Knapsack. The site is situated in Huerth, south of Cologne in Germany. The park is divided into ...


    By Teledyne Isco

  • What is Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD)?

    Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) analysis is a measurement of the oxygen-depletion capacity of a water sample contaminated with organic waste matter. Specifically, it measures the equivalent amount of oxygen required to chemically oxidize organic compounds in water. Why Measure COD? COD is used as a general indicator of water quality and is an integral part of all water quality ...


    By MANTECH

  • Meeting high standards… Compliant fuel and oil separators from Kingspan Klargester

    All manner of projects, both large and small, are required to maintain compliance with all environmental rules and regulations concerning property drainage. As an aspect of compliance, it is essential that the appropriate separators are deployed in order to meet or exceed the drainage demand but to also comply with the ongoing project demands such as cost and time. Kingspan Klargester offers a ...


    By Kingspan Environmental Ltd

  • How a Specialized Automatic Control Valve Solved Flooding

    The Colombian area of Antioquia creates much of its clean power from hydropower plants along the Guadalupe River. The Guadalupe IV hydroelectric plant generates power with three vertical axis turbines that discharge water below the river level. To prevent flooding, however, the plant needed a solution that ensured the ejector ...


    By Singer Valve Inc.

  • Stripper Wells goes from 1 BBL to 15 BBL for less $100/day

    Feb 2017, Jenfitch, LLC working with a private independent oil service firm from Houston, Texas recently conducted a field study on four different low producing oil wells (Stripper Wells) in Pecos County, TX. These wells were generating 1-2 barrels of oil per day. Using several different methods of injecting JC 9450 into the well, the production increased up to 15 barrels per day for 5 days and ...


    By Jenfitch, LLC

  • How to investigate mercury in the oceans?

    Mercury is a highly toxic metal that affects the environment and can endanger people's health, as a powerful neurotoxin. The combustion of coal, waste and fuel are releasing hundreds of tons of heavy metal into the atmosphere annually, and its sediment enters to soil and water. Mercury measurements are part of the EU project "Global Mercury Observation System". The long-term goal of this ...


    By Lumex Instruments Group

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