3.5` LANPAC® proven superior for removing PCE from groundwater in packed tower air strippers
Courtesy of Lantec Products, Inc.
Dry cleaning fluids have contaminated groundwater supplies in all areas of the United States. One of the most common contaminants is PCE (perchloroethylene or tetrachloroethylene, Cl2C=CCl2). As a suspected carcinogen, PCE must be removed from water to very low levels. The US EPA maximum contaminant level (MCL) for PCE in drinking water is 5 ppb (5 parts per billion, or 5 mg/L). States such as New Jersey have set MCLs as low as 1 ppb for PCE in public water supplies.
Hungry fungi feast on VOCs and odours
Introduction An odour and VOC-eating machine may soon be put to work in Western Canada’s oil patch. The Bio-Reactor by Bio-Reaction Industries is a compact, mobile, and effective way to handle the hazardous byproducts.“These people have taken a biofilter the size of a football field and shrunk it into a nice, compact unit,” said Brian Winters, president of Proeco Corporation. It uses hungry, naturally-occurring fungi to take care of high volumes of volatile organic compounds (VOCs), sulphur-derived compounds,...
Immersed Membrane Technology for Advanced Wastewater Treatment & Water Reuse
A significant segment of the North American population is unserviced by municipal wastewater systems and, with the seemingly, unending growth of residential communities, commercial complexes, industrial parks and support infrastructure, this situation is unlikely to change in the foreseeable future. Traditionally serviced by on-site wastewater treatment units, and often relying on groundwater supply, these communities and developments have severely taxed the environmental resources and attenuation capacity in...
Water Industry on the Eco Wave?
A wave of privatization is rolling through the water industry – at the environment‘s expense? In order to provide an answer to this question, the Environmental-Rating agency oekom research AG, Munich, put a number of water supply companies and manufacturers of water appliances to the environmental test. In results published today, oekom identifies the British water supplier Severn Trent as the environmental leader of the water supply group with a B grade in the overall Environmental-Rating. The Austrian water...
Common Treatment Technologies for Nonhalogenated VOCs
Soil vapor extraction (SVE), thermal desorption, and incineration are the presumptive remedies for Superfund sites with nonhalogenated VOC-contaminated soil. Because a presumptive remedy is a technology that EPA believes, based upon its past experience, generally will be the most appropriate remedy for a specified type of site, the presumptive remedy approach will accelerate site-specific analysis of remedies by focusing the feasibility study efforts. These presumptive remedies can also be used at non-Superfund...
Performance-Based Measurement Systems
Many of the Environmental Protection Agency`s (EPA`s) methods used to monitor air, water and soil for environmental contaminants prescribe step-by-step details on how the chemical analysis must be conducted and prohibit any deviations or variations. The EPA has recognized that monitoring equipment and technology have improved tremendously over the last few years; that environmental media do not always act the same way for each analysis; and that the matrix may affect the analysis and results. The EPA has been...
Halogenated Volatile Organic Compounds
Sites where halogenated VOCs may be found include burn pits, chemical manufacturing plants or disposal areas, contaminated marine sediments, disposal wells and leach fields, electroplating/metal finishing shops, firefighting training areas, hangars/aircraft maintenance areas, landfills and burial pits, leaking collection and system sanitary lines, leaking storage tanks, radioactive/mixed waste disposal areas, oxidation ponds/lagoons, paint stripping and spray booth areas, pesticide/herbicide mixing areas, solvent...
National Biosolids Overview
In all, the 1990s have been good for the biosolids recycling community. Greater quantities of biosolids are being beneficially used than ever before, there are national biosolids regulations that are widely accepted as a good baseline, and there is an extensive, accessible network of researchers, practitioners, advisers and public officials who when combined, provide thousands of years worth of valuable knowledge and experience. We end this decade, however, with perhaps a greater challenge than we started with —...
Assessment of the Environmental Impact of Military Activities During the Yugoslavia Conflict
1. Executive Summary Assessment Method:The study was carried out over a period of ten days by a team of expert staff from the Regional Environment Center for Central and Eastern Europe (REC) and other contracted country experts. A framework was prepared by REC headquarters and the REC`s country offices in the five selected countries gathered information and data. Additional experts were hired to give some analysis of certain specialised subjects in Yugoslavia, FYR Macedonia and Albania. The information was...
Control VOC`s in Refinery Wastewater
Oil and water do not mix, like many of life’s one-liners this statement is basically true but not the whole story. Many hydrocarbon liquids, particularly aromatics, have significant solubilities in water: Benzene 1800 PPMVToluene 470Ethyl Benzene 150Xylenes 150 Petroleum refineries do not like salts in their feedstock since these corrode and foul process equipment. The first refining step is Desalting where a hot water wash extracts the salts. If feedstock contains aromatics then some will be in the desalter...
Common Treatment Technologies for Halogenated VOCs in Ground Water, Surface Water and Leachate
It may be necessary to know other subsurface information to provide remediation of VOCs in the ground water. Treatability studies to characterize the biodegradability may be needed for any biodegradation technologies. Treatability studies are usually necessary to ensure that the contaminated ground water can be treated effectively at the design flow. A subsurface geologic characterization would be needed for any isolation or stabilization technologies. Ground water models are also often needed to predict flow...
Common Treatment Technologies for Fuels in Ground Water, Surface Water, and Leachate
It may be necessary to know other subsurface information to remediate fuels in ground water. Treatability testing to characterize contaminant biodegradability and nutrient content may be needed for any biodegradation technology. A subsurface geologic characterization would be particularly important to characterize the migration of NAPLs. Recovery tests are usually necessary to design a product/ground water pumping scheme that will ensure that the nonaqueous fuel layer can be recovered and that contaminated ground...
Common Treatment Technologies for Nonhalogenated VOCs in Ground Water, Surface Water and Leachate
It may be necessary to know other subsurface information to provide remediation of VOCs in the ground water. Treatability studies to characterize the biodegradability may be needed for any biodegradation technology. Treatability studies are usually necessary to ensure that the contaminated ground water can be treated effectively at the design flow. A subsurface geologic characterization would be needed for any isolation or stabilization technologies. Ground water models are also often needed to predict flow...
Air Sparging - Technology Overview
Air sparging involves injecting a gas (usually air/oxygen) under pressure into the saturated zone to volatilize groundwater contaminants and to promote biodegradation in saturated and unsaturated soils by increasing subsurface oxygen concentrations. Vola tilized vapors migrate into the vadose zone where they are extracted via vacuum, generally by a soil vapor extraction system. The term biosparging is sometimes used interchangeably with air sparging to highlight the bioremediation aspect of the treatment process...