VC3 Vertebrae injection max control - Case Study
Convenience Store Facility, Jacksonville, FL
Gasoline Range Organics in ground water
A known release of gasoline fuel at this facility led to ground water contamination. Due to site activities, the length of the plume, and multiple properties being involved, typical technologies were determined to not be feasible. Implementation was completed using VertebraeTM and chemical injection which showed an impressive level of control.
In multiple wells across the site, concentrations of BTEX constituents were in the parts per million (ppm) range. The lithology is fine sand on top of a clayey sand at 23 ft. The plume traveled at a depth of 15-23 ft, which is below the top of the water table (5 ft). The lithology and hydrologic factors caused this occurrence.
A SUMMARY OF REMEDIATION ACTIVITIES
The full scale implementation was completed in February 2015 with Vertebrae and injection. An automated injection system injected 3,000 pounds of activated reagent over 45 days of injection per quarter. Twenty five injection segments (500 feet total of well screens) were adjusted to target areas based on feedback data.
The drilling went under 3 underground storage tanks, a roadway, gas, sewer, water, electric, and irrigation line and under 3 rows of a parking lot. Business disruption was minimized. The system was placed in a desirable location. The installation of the wells and system took 7 days.
CLEAR DIFFERENCES BETWEEN VERTEBRAE WELL SYSTEMS AND TRADITIONAL HORIZONTAL REMEDIATION WELLS (PART 1)
One aspect of traditional horizontal remediation wells is that there is the possibility of a lack of ‘even’ coverage. That is, there is a chance, despite design efforts, for a preferential pathway, sand lenses, or other channeling effects to cause uneven treatment. However, with Vertebrae Well Systems, this possibility is eliminated with individual well control (Figure 1, control by 25 black well segments).
The Vertebrae well system layout: by using this system, complete and even coverage of the plume was maintained while avoiding major disruption of surrounding businesses, roadways, and utilities. Two quarters of treatment were completed using the entire layout.
CLEAR DIFFERENCES BETWEEN VERTEBRAE WELL SYSTEMS AND TRADITIONAL HORIZONTAL REMEDIATION WELLS (PART 2)
Furthermore and more importantly, when the plume changes from treatment, attenuation, or seasonal effects, the Vertebrae Well System allows adaptation to continue the proper treatment. For instance, the plume concentrations indicated the recalcitrant area was toward the rear of the plume. After two quarters of treatment the injection was redirected to target the remaining area (Figure 2). This could not have been accomplished with traditional horizontal remediation wells.
The third quarter polish addressed the two remaining recalcitrant wells (orange shaded area). After sampling, one recalcitrant well remained which was addressed during the final quarter polish. (Figure 2, purple segments used for injection).
Then in a perfect feedback loop, data was collected confirming our effort to adjust worked, and a final quarter was further adjusted to target the last well remaining to report concentration above the regulatory limits (Figure 3, purple segments used for injection).
The fourth quarter polish addressed the one remaining recalcitrant well (yellow shaded area) with 3 Vertebrae segments demonstrating pinpoint control. (Figure 3, blue segments used for injection).
The reduction at the site was quick and goals were met on time. The benefits of implementing a Vertebrae™ and oxidant injection strategy were clearly evident in this application. The easy installation minimized business disruption by running under several properties and a busy traffic area. The reagent was applied in a controlled and robust way, far better than traditional horizontal wells, and the mass was quickly reduced.
The advantages of Vertebrae over traditional horizontal wells are worth repeating.
- Control when preferential pathways exist or even when lithology and hydraulic conductivity varies
- Less impact and Faster (Well systems can be installed in days from an ideal location)
- Adaptation when the plume responds and changes
Vertebrae™ is a better solution than conventional wells and provides the much needed control to old horizontal wells at lower costs. It provides more contact with the plume, minimizes business disruptions, and removes unsightly well vaults, all while being faster, safer and more cost effective.