RECSO spells the Regional Clean Sea Organisation. As the title clearly indicates, RECSO is an oil industry co-operative organisation functioning on the concept of `mutual aid`. RECSO was officially set up in 1972 by 13 founder members. The oil companies in the region at that time recognized a need for collective response to major oil pollution incidents and thus came together to achieve a common objective - protecting the Gulf`s resources from oil pollution. In addition to arrangements for mutual aid in times of oil spill emergencies, provision was also made for reimbursement of costs incurred by member companies in responding to oil spills originating from another member`s installation or facilities.
Today, though the original objective of the organisation - oil spill response through mutual aid - remains the same, the circumstances in which the oil industry operations are conducted these days are significantly different from the conditions that prevailed in the period from 1972 to 1990. It was against this changed background that RECSO has had to expand its activities in a more pro-active direction.
The prime responsibility of RECSO is to protect the regional seas and environment from oil pollution emanating from operations, shipping and other related activities of its members in the region. Each member oil company shares the responsibility of ensuring a long-term commitment to the 'Clean Gulf' concept. RECSO recognizes this pledge and co-ordinates efforts towards meeting this challenge.
The RECSO Vision is to...
- 'Clean Gulf' environment in the regional sea;
- Prevention of operational oil spill;
- Stoppage of tanker, pipeline and storage discharges;
- Safety on ships leading to cleaner seas; and
- Total stoppage of industrial and other waste discharge to sea to comply with international, regional and national regulations & conventions.
The key components of RECSO organizational structure are:
- Operators Committee; is the governing body of RECSO comprising one representative from each member company. The function of this committee is to decide the overall RECSO policy, agree and approve RECSO schedule of activities and its annual budget.
- Executive Committee; is the executive arm of RECSO comprising five member nominees, including the chairman, on a rotational basis. This committee supervises the running of the organisation between annual meetings, besides ensuring the implementation of the Operators Committee decisions and recommendations.
- Technical Committee; The Technical Committee was introduced in 1987 comprising technical experts nominated by members as and when required. It assists the Executive Committee on specific technical projects and provides specialty services.
- Technical Secretariat; The Technical Secretariat is the operational arm of RECSO and its nerve center where all RECSO activities are co-ordinated.
- Organize joint response to oil pollution by member companies;
- Promote and develop member companies' basic spill response capabilities;
- Provide central core information to member oil companies particularly during oil pollution emergencies;
- Provide technical support for member companies on information to emerging technologies relating to oil spill prevention and response, develop technical reports, organize workshops / seminar and introduction of key international players through regional conferences.
- Promote compliance to IMO conventions and guidelines on shipping and marine environment.
- Promote crisis management and climate change mitigation processes.