Ecosystems Articles

  • University Campus Restoration Earns SITES Certification

    Project is designed to mimic the function of natural desert riparian corridors using native soils, rocks and vegetation to slow and cleanse storm water. The University of Texas at El Paso’s (UTEP) Campus Transformation Project (CTP) was awarded Silver certification under the Sustainable SITES Initiative (SITES) rating system, and is the first project to certify under SITES v2 (Version 2). ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • How Carbon Trading Can Help Preserve Coastal Ecosystems

    Introduction The ocean is the largest long-term carbon sink on the planet, storing and cycling 93% of the earth’s CO2 . The ocean’s vegetated habitats, in particular mangroves, salt marshes, and seagrasses, comprise only 0.05% of the plant biomass, but store equal amount of carbon as terrestrial biomass per year, and thus stand among the most ...


    By Climate Institute

  • Green Urban Infrastructure: Assessing Potential Ecosystem Services in Urban Cities

    Cities all over the world are currently experiencing climate change caused by rapidly increasing atmospheric greenhouse gases (GHGs). Fortunately, cities may mitigate GHG concentrations by incorporating vegetation into green urban infrastructure (GUI) to develop parks, green roofs, waterways, and other structures. For example, plants sequester carbon (C) by removing atmospheric ...


    By Climate Institute

  • Lake hydrology, water quality and ecology impacts of altered river–lake interactions: advances in research on the middle Yangtze river

    Water and mass exchange between rivers and lakes are key processes that maintain the health of the ecology of river–lake systems. Alteration to river–lake interactions have great impacts on water and mass balances. Naturally connected to the middle Yangtze River are the Poyang Lake and Dongting Lake, which are the largest and the second largest freshwater lakes in China. The operation of the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water quality characteristics of Poyang Lake, China, in response to changes in the water level

    As one of the few remaining lakes that are freely connected with the Yangtze River, Poyang Lake exhibits large annual water level (WL) fluctuations. In this study, weekly samples were collected at the north end of Poyang Lake from September 2011 to December 2012, and we investigated the mechanism of limnological responses to fluctuations in the WL. The study covers three seasons that were ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Numerical evaluation of flow regime changes induced by the Three Gorges Dam in the Middle Yangtze

    The full operation of the Three Gorges Dam (TGD) has altered the downstream natural flow regime. Flow regime changes have resulted in profound influences on the utility of water resources and hence a large area with a riparian ecosystem including China's two largest freshwater lakes in the Middle Yangtze. Because of complicated flow regimes in this large-scale river–lake system, the TGD's ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Integrated risk and recovery monitoring of ecosystem restorations on contaminated sites

    Ecological restorations of contaminated sites balance the human and ecological risks of residual contamination with the benefits of ecological recovery and the return of lost ecological function and ecosystem services. Risk and recovery are interrelated dynamic conditions, changing as remediation and restoration activities progress through implementation into long‐term management and ecosystem ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Restoration of impaired ecosystems: An ounce of prevention or a pound of cure? Introduction, overview, and key messages from a SETAC‐SER workshop

    A workshop on Restoration of Impaired Ecosystems was held in Jackson, Wyoming, in June 2014. Experts from Australia, Canada, Mexico, the United Kingdom, and the United States in ecotoxicology, restoration, and related fields from both the Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry and the Society for Ecological Restoration convened to advance the practice of restoring ecosystems that ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Investment in resource innovation needed for a key tech ecosystem

    We are living in a time of major transitions, and we are at the beginning of a new innovation supercycle. With more than 9,000 technology companies currently calling British Columbia home, there’s no shortage of support and enthusiasm for our burgeoning hub for startup ventures. But while we pride ourselves on cultivating new businesses at the startup level, we are neglecting to provide ...


    By GLOBE Foundation

  • The dangers of separating science and environment

    We need to figure out a better way to communicate science that balances technology and nature. Does the natural world have any relevance to modern science? Of course it does; but sometimes it seems like that’s not the case. This is a myth perpetuated directly and indirectly through media, policy decisions, academic disciplines, even some science engagement initiatives: ...


    By Ensia

  • Disentangling the multiple stressors acting on stream ecosystems to support restoration priorities

    Stream ecosystems may suffer from the effects of multiple stressors. Planning restoration actions without knowing the relative weight of each stressor might lead to disproportionately costly or ecologically meaningless measures. This is particularly relevant under the EU Water Framework Directive where economic considerations play a role in justifying exemptions from the overarching aim of the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Fate Of Polychlorinated Biphenyls In A Contaminated Lake Ecosystem: Combining Equilibrium Passive Sampling Of Sediment And Water With Total Concentration Measurements Of Biota

    Equilibrium sampling devices (ESDs) can be applied to study and monitor the exposure and fate of hydrophobic organic chemicals (HOCs) on a thermodynamic basis. ESDs can be used to determine freely dissolved concentrations and chemical activity ratios, and to predict equilibrium partitioning concentrations of HOCs in biota lipids. Our aim was to assess the equilibrium status of polychlorinated ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • European ecosystem assessment — concept, data, and implementation

    This report summarises EEA contributions to Target 2 Action 5 'Mapping and Assessment of Ecosystems and their Services (MAES)' for the implementation of the EU Biodiversity Strategy to 2020 (EC, 2011), the Strategy of the EU to meet the global targets of the Convention of Biodiversity (UN, 2010). Europe is becoming greener (Fuchs et al., 2014) but, at the same time, losing biodiversity. At least ...

  • 10 tips to become ecosystem smart in DRR interventions

    10 tips developed by Wetlands International for policy makers and practitioners to better integrate the management of ecosystems and natural resources in their DRR work. 1. Build understanding and capacity on ecosystems and the services they deliver Build capacity of government at all levels, communities and civil society organisations on the services that ecosystems deliver and ...


    By Wetlands International

  • Toward a Standard Lexicon for Ecosystem Services

    The complex, widely dispersed, and cumulative environmental challenges currently facing society require holistic, transdisciplinary approaches to resolve. The concept of ecosystem services (ES) has become more widely accepted as a framework that fosters a broader systems perspective of sustainability, and can make science more responsive to the needs of decision makers and the public. ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Conservation is complicated, and all approaches need to be on the table

    Dispatches from the front line suggest an important role for a novel ecosystem approach to conservation In a recent essay in this magazine, Daniel Simberloff and co-authors liken the novel ecosystem concept to “a Trojan horse for ...


    By Ensia

  • “Novel ecosystems” are a Trojan horse for conservation

    They provide a license to trash nature if they provide ecosystem services Conservation biology and restoration ecology have been roiled by a bandwagon termed “novel ecosystems,” heralded as the “new ecological world order” in a manifesto published in 2006 by several ecologists headed by Richard Hobbs, then editor in chief of the journal ...


    By Ensia

  • The potentiation of zinc toxicity by soil moisture in a boreal forest ecosystem

    Northern boreal forests often experience forest dieback as a result of metal ore mining and smelting. The common solution is to lime the soil which increases pH, reducing metal toxicity and encouraging recovery. However, in certain situations, such as Flin Flon, Manitoba, Canada, liming has only yielded moderate benefits with some locations responding well to liming and other locations, not at ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Tracking the fate of ancient carbon in the Siberian Arctic

    The Siberian Arctic is one of the most remote and pristine corners of the planet. During the brief summer season, temperatures can climb into the 90s Fahrenheit, and the seemingly endless expanse of boreal forest — or taiga — and tundra explodes with plant and animal life. Every summer since 2008, R. Max Holmes and colleagues from the Woods Hole Research Center have brought a growing ...


    By Ensia

  • Mining wastewater management and its effects on groundwater and ecosystems

    Large-scale mining activities have a huge impact on the environment. Determination of the size of the effect and monitoring it is vital. In this study, risk assessment studies in mining areas and the effect of mining on groundwater and ecosystems were investigated. Best management practices and risk assessment steps were determined, especially in areas with huge amounts of mining wastewater. The ...


    By IWA Publishing

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