Ecosystems Articles

  • Aeration and Mixing Bring Hussain Sagar Lake`s Ecosystem Back to Life

    Overview Hussain Sagar Lake in India faced an inflow of untreated waste and pollution causing decreasing DO levels and foul odors in the nearby community. An even more critical threat was eutrophication, or an excessive number of nutrients in the body of water, choking out the natural aquatic life. Given the lake is stagnate, circulation and the distribution of efficient aeration ...

  • Combined effects of nutrient enrichment and inorganic sedimentation on benthic biota in an experimental stream system

    Sedimentation and nutrient loading are among the most prevalent threats to fluvial ecosystem integrity. This study employed artificial streams (mesocosms) to simulate individual and combined impacts of nutrient enrichment and deposited fine sediment on benthic biota. Ninety-six circular mesocosms were used in a 21-day crossed experiment that measured the impact of three substrate compositions ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Safety vs. Environment Protection: Study Discovers Increasing Salt Levels in Lakes

    A recent study published by the US-American National Academy of Sciences revealed an increasing salt amount in form of chloride in rural and urban freshwater lakes around the American continent. The scientists believe, that mainly road salt distributed on icy roadways is to blame. Increasing salt levels threaten eco systems Road de-icing salt is blamed for rising salt levels in ...

  • Water is a key concern on Earth Day 2017

    Although the official focus of this year’s Earth Day is environmental and climate literacy, water is still very much a key concern for participants holding events across the United States — and around the world. A need for clean water for future generations was the impetus for the original event, and the need to protect water is no less important today. Earth Day was established in ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • The best way to restore environments in the face of climate change

    Florida’s Kissimmee River once flowed freely. Fish, birds and other wildlife dwelled in the wetlands it fed. But in the 1960s, spurred by public outrage over flooding, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers straightened the winding waterway and turned it into a drainage canal. Flip forward a few decades and the river is returning — at least in part. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers has ...


    By Ensia

  • Paradigms for water allocation in river basins: a society-science-practice perspective from Southern Africa

    This paper seeks to complement ongoing discussions around water allocation by offering an analytic framework for examining the evolution of paradigms for water allocation in river basins. It traces this evolution from the hydraulic paradigm through to Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) and the current water security paradigm. Using a society-science-practice interaction perspective, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • This polluted lake shows why we are all stakeholders when it comes to clean water

    When environmental protection gets short shrift, the price we pay can be staggering. When I visited Onondaga Lake in 1999 as part of research I did as a student at Cornell, there was no evidence the lake was once home to vibrant waterfront resorts. Yet, in the late 1800s and early 1900s, Onondaga was considered “ ...


    By Ensia

  • Researchers inventory plastics pollution in Great Lakes

    A recent inventory of plastics pollution in the Great Lakes will help prevent continued pollution and provide a baseline for those working to clean the lakes, which supply local residents with drinking water. The Great Lakes Basin is a system of five bodies of water and their tributaries along the northernmost tier of the United States, four of which border Canada. They include Lake Superior, ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • University Campus Restoration Earns SITES Certification

    Project is designed to mimic the function of natural desert riparian corridors using native soils, rocks and vegetation to slow and cleanse storm water. The University of Texas at El Paso’s (UTEP) Campus Transformation Project (CTP) was awarded Silver certification under the Sustainable SITES Initiative (SITES) rating system, and is the first project to certify under SITES v2 (Version 2). ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • How Carbon Trading Can Help Preserve Coastal Ecosystems

    Introduction The ocean is the largest long-term carbon sink on the planet, storing and cycling 93% of the earth’s CO2 . The ocean’s vegetated habitats, in particular mangroves, salt marshes, and seagrasses, comprise only 0.05% of the plant biomass, but store equal amount of carbon as terrestrial biomass per year, and thus stand among the most ...


    By Climate Institute

  • Green Urban Infrastructure: Assessing Potential Ecosystem Services in Urban Cities

    Cities all over the world are currently experiencing climate change caused by rapidly increasing atmospheric greenhouse gases (GHGs). Fortunately, cities may mitigate GHG concentrations by incorporating vegetation into green urban infrastructure (GUI) to develop parks, green roofs, waterways, and other structures. For example, plants sequester carbon (C) by removing atmospheric ...


    By Climate Institute

  • Lake hydrology, water quality and ecology impacts of altered river–lake interactions: advances in research on the middle Yangtze river

    Water and mass exchange between rivers and lakes are key processes that maintain the health of the ecology of river–lake systems. Alteration to river–lake interactions have great impacts on water and mass balances. Naturally connected to the middle Yangtze River are the Poyang Lake and Dongting Lake, which are the largest and the second largest freshwater lakes in China. The operation of the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water quality characteristics of Poyang Lake, China, in response to changes in the water level

    As one of the few remaining lakes that are freely connected with the Yangtze River, Poyang Lake exhibits large annual water level (WL) fluctuations. In this study, weekly samples were collected at the north end of Poyang Lake from September 2011 to December 2012, and we investigated the mechanism of limnological responses to fluctuations in the WL. The study covers three seasons that were ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Numerical evaluation of flow regime changes induced by the Three Gorges Dam in the Middle Yangtze

    The full operation of the Three Gorges Dam (TGD) has altered the downstream natural flow regime. Flow regime changes have resulted in profound influences on the utility of water resources and hence a large area with a riparian ecosystem including China's two largest freshwater lakes in the Middle Yangtze. Because of complicated flow regimes in this large-scale river–lake system, the TGD's ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The derivation of effects threshold concentrations of Pb for European freshwater ecosystems

    The main objective of the present study was to derive ecologically relevant effect threshold concentrations of (dissolved) Pb for selected European Union freshwater rivers, using the 2008 European Union Voluntary Risk Assessment Report (VRAR) as a starting point and using more advanced methodologies than those used in the VRAR. This included (i) implementing more robust quality criteria for ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Integrated risk and recovery monitoring of ecosystem restorations on contaminated sites

    Ecological restorations of contaminated sites balance the human and ecological risks of residual contamination with the benefits of ecological recovery and the return of lost ecological function and ecosystem services. Risk and recovery are interrelated dynamic conditions, changing as remediation and restoration activities progress through implementation into long‐term management and ecosystem ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Restoration of impaired ecosystems: An ounce of prevention or a pound of cure? Introduction, overview, and key messages from a SETAC‐SER workshop

    A workshop on Restoration of Impaired Ecosystems was held in Jackson, Wyoming, in June 2014. Experts from Australia, Canada, Mexico, the United Kingdom, and the United States in ecotoxicology, restoration, and related fields from both the Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry and the Society for Ecological Restoration convened to advance the practice of restoring ecosystems that ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • A framework for establishing restoration goals for contaminated ecosystems

    As natural resources become increasingly limited, the value of restoring contaminated sites, both terrestrial and aquatic, becomes increasingly apparent. Traditionally, goals for remediation have been set prior to any consideration of goals for ecological restoration. The goals for remediation have focused on removing or limiting contamination while restoration goals have targeted the ultimate ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Investment in resource innovation needed for a key tech ecosystem

    We are living in a time of major transitions, and we are at the beginning of a new innovation supercycle. With more than 9,000 technology companies currently calling British Columbia home, there’s no shortage of support and enthusiasm for our burgeoning hub for startup ventures. But while we pride ourselves on cultivating new businesses at the startup level, we are neglecting to provide ...


    By GLOBE Foundation

  • The dangers of separating science and environment

    We need to figure out a better way to communicate science that balances technology and nature. Does the natural world have any relevance to modern science? Of course it does; but sometimes it seems like that’s not the case. This is a myth perpetuated directly and indirectly through media, policy decisions, academic disciplines, even some science engagement initiatives: ...


    By Ensia

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