Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) Articles

  • Ozone-depleting substances 2015

    Aggregated data reported by companies on the import, export, production, destruction, and feedstock and process agent use of ozone-depleting substances in the European Union Executive Summary Background Chemicals known to harm the ozone layer have been successfully substituted in most parts of the world since 1989, when the Montreal Protocol on Substances ...

  • Can trading pollution like stocks help fight climate change?

    The gas produced by hog manure at farms across the U.S. punches holes in the ozone layer, overheats the planet, and angers neighbors with its peculiar odor, a mix of rotten egg and ammonia. All that's needed to clear the air is to cover the manure with a system of tarps that captures the gas, but many farms don't do it because it's too expensive. "If you don't give people incentives to come up ...


    By Associated Press

  • Closing the Emissions Gap – 2015 is a year of unprecedented opportunity

    A new report released by the Global Commission on the Economy and the Climate identifies ten key economic opportunities that could close up to 96 percent of the gap between business-as-usual emissions and the level needed to limit dangerous climate change. The report calls for stronger cooperation between governments, businesses, investors, cities and communities to ...


    By GLOBE Foundation

  • Want to change the future? Pay attention to the past.

    From Mandela to MLK to McKibben, history offers lessons aplenty for climate activists We all know the plotline: Single-minded, passionate activists attempt to take on immense money and power, hidebound ideology and bureaucratic paralysis to turn the tide on the most important issue ever. We could be talking about climate change. But we could also be talking about the abolition of ...


    By Ensia

  • Ozone-depleting substances 2013

    Aggregated data reported by companies on the import, export, production, destruction and feedstock and process agent use of ozone-depleting substances in the European Union Background The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer entered into force in 1989 and aims to protect the stratospheric ozone layer by phasing out more than 200 substances, ...

  • Maintaining regulatory method compliance while automating oil and grease analysis

    Regulatory compliance is at the heart of environmental analyses throughout the world. While some regulatory systems provide more flexibility in the methodology used for measuring contaminants, the goal is to gain reliable information that can be used for decision-making. Oil and grease measurement is a simple and important measurement of water quality, but time consuming1. Methods such as US EPA ...


    By Horizon Technology, Inc.

  • Environmental risks of new–generation fluorocarbons in replacement of potent greenhouse gases

    This article aimed to address two categories of environment friendly fluorocarbons (i.e., hydrofluoroethers and hydrofluoro–olefins), which are used as replacements for potent greenhouse gases like hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFC) and hydrofluorocarbons (HFC). In the work, the author will introduce the new–generation fluorocarbons on the basis of their excellent data on the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Asia–Pacific Analysis: Safer path needed for e-waste

    Instead of limiting imports of electronic waste, the Asia–Pacific region should set up a robust recycling system, says Crispin Maslog. Garbage in, garbage out is a phrase to describe what happens when computers find the wrong solution in response to the wrong input data. But when computers and other electronic products have outlived their usefulness, they literally do become rubbish ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • What is ambition in the context of climate change?

    Ambition is a word often used in the context of United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) negotiations. While most people think of ambition as a strong desire to achieve something, the word has a more specific meaning when it comes to international climate action. What Does Ambition Mean and Why Is it ...

  • Clearing the air

    Atmospheric chemist Susan Solomon finds hope in past environmental challenges. Written by Jennifer Chu, MIT News Office. You can read the original story in MIT News ...

  • Recent USEPA Rulings To Reduce GHGs

    Over the last few months the USEPA has begun to implement rules to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Not the traditional way by having affected facilities measure and reduce GHG emissions, but instead by encouraging operational changes to accomplish the same goal. 2 rulings that can affect businesses are discussed here. 1. Alternative refrigerants. This past December the USEPA announced ...


  • EEE country profiles: Understanding how electric and electronic products are regulated in specifc countries

    Product regulations affecting EEE products are proliferating all over the world.  Enhesa’s EEE Country Profiles provide a concise, comprehensive and analytical description of regulations related to EEE throughout the lifecycle of a product from product design to marketing to end  of life. The following  re examples from the recently updated EU EEE Country Profile and ...

  • Chloroflourocarbon (CFC) remediation case study

    Project Description The Site location was an industrial facility located in the greater South Los Angeles region that manufactured chemicals for local petrochemical and other industrial operations from 1919 through late 1990’s. Refrigerants were initially produced in 1964 including chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) such as trichlorofluoromethane (R-11), ...

  • Effective effluent treatment for a better environment

    Solvay is a large Brussels-based international chemicals and pharmaceutical group with more than 28,000 employees in 50 countries. Solvay France operates in the pharmaceutical, chemical and plastics sectors. The company has 12 industrial, commercial and administrative sites: their site at Tavaux being one of the foremost chemicals platforms in France. Solvay Fluor is the strategic business unit ...


    By Mettler - Toledo Int. Inc

  • Technical implications of the 1987 Montreal Protocol for developing countries

    The 1987 Montreal Protocol, which came into force in 1989 and was subsequently strengthened by the 1990 and 1992 amendments, has profound implications for both developed and developing countries. The implications for developed countries have understandably received and continue to receive considerable attention. However, the implications for technology, industry, training and development, and the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Accumulated CFC-11 in polyurethane foam insulation: an estimate of the total amount in district heating installations in Sweden

    In rigid polyurethane foam used for thermal insulation, CFC-11 has been the main blowing agent for many years, but is now subject to phase-out regulations. During ageing of this foam, air diffuses into it and blowing agents leak into the atmosphere, resulting in a decreased insulating capacity. Determinations of the cell gas composition and the total content of CFC-11 in foam from district ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • F gas regulations aim to improve climate and reduce global warming

    Fluorinated greenhouses gases, also known as F Gas, are being closely regulated by the United States and many other foreign countries because they can cause harmful climate change. The U.S., Canada and member countries of the European Union have imposed regulations aimed at containing or phasing out certain substances that increase global warming. F Gas is commonly found in stationary ...


    By Verisae

  • Scientists call manmade chemicals like refrigerant gases a cause of climate change

    A major cause of climate change is the harm that is done to the Earth by man-made chemicals. Whilst chemicals, such as those used to produce day by day items, operate equipment and generally make life easier, are necessary, they present a threat to the environment. Governments around the world have set new regulations to limit the use of substances that contribute to global warming and deplete ...


    By Verisae

  • Manmade chemicals a major cause of global climate change

    Although the Earth?s climate evolves naturally over time, the major cause of climate change that is harmful and lead to unfavorable weather, water patterns, growth patterns are due to the release of manmade chemicals. While these chemicals are necessary to produce certain items, operate essential refrigeration equipment, or make our daily lives easier, they are a danger to the environment and the ...


    By Verisae

  • Global Warming Potential (GWP) significance of HCFC refrigerant gases

    The global warming potential of chemicals is well documented. This is usually documented by referencing how much a chemical will impact global warming as compared to a similar amount of carbon dioxide. Refrigerants typically outrank carbon dioxide by a factor of 100 or even 1000 and stay in the atmosphere longer to our climate's detriment. All greenhouse gases are allocated a global warming ...


    By Verisae

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