Hazardous Gas Articles

  • Twelve principles for introducing sustainable energy storage to the electrical grid

    Researchers have provided a set of guidelines to help policymakers, designers and operators develop sustainable solutions for energy-storage systems for electricity grids. The guidelines cover a range of energy-storage technologies and grid-integration options. As societies move towards decarbonising the world’s energy supply and reducing greenhouse gas emissions, energy storage is ...

  • Explosion Proof vs Intrinsically Safe Gas Detectors

    It only takes a spark to start a fire or cause an explosion, especially when flammable gases or vapours are present under the right conditions. There are industries that operate in these types of hazardous environments where the potential for explosions is extremely high, such as chemical plants, oil refineries, paint shops, cleaning facilities, tanks and loading facilities for flammable gases, ...

  • Are GAS-FIRED Burner Technologies Really The Best Choice for ISTR Cleanups?

    Its an exciting time. In-Situ Thermal Remediation (ISTR) shows great promise and has proven to be an extremely effective method for cleaning a wide range of Contaminants of Concern (COC’s) at contaminated sites. Most recently, gas-fired soil heating technologies are entering the market with promises of much cheaper natural gas heating, faster setup and heating times, less heaters required ...


    By Soil-Therm Equipment, Inc.

  • Monitoring Multiple Gas Hazards in Ice Arenas

    The equipment used in an arena such as an ice re-surfacer, ice edger, floor sweepers, lift trucks and other special equipment are more often powered by fuel than electricity. The exhaust produced by the gas, propane or diesel fuel powered machines emits, into the air, carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and particulates. Ammonia (NH3) is commonly used in the ice chiller mechanical room ...

  • Boskalis and our BBV Pumps environmentally friendly high flow pump unit

    Boskalis Nederland is a part of Royal Boskalis Westminster N.V. Boskalis was established in 1910 and has expanded from a local dredging contractor to a leading global maritime services company with over 11.000 employees. Originally, dredging and earth moving were the core activities of the company. They are now additionally active in the dredging and inland infra, and offshore energy sectors. The ...


    By BBA Pumps

  • Indoor Air Quality and Hazardous Gas Detection

    Indoor air contaminants come in a variety of forms and originate from multiple sources. Interactions between building materials and furnishings, activities and equipment inside the building, internal temperature and relative humidity, filtration and ventilation system operations, climate and building occupants all contribute to the indoor air quality (IAQ) in commercial, industrial, residential ...

  • Generation using gas-fuelled engines in South Africa – an overview

    Most gas engines are Otto cycle spark ignition internal combustion reciprocating engines using natural gas as the primary fuel. Smaller models utilise stochiometric combustion while the larger engines are lean burn engines with pre-chamber ignition systems. The engines are coupled with packaged generator sets, ...


    By Clarke Energy

  • Flammable Hazards

    Flammable Hazards The difference between a gas and a vapor is that vapors arise from liquids, whereas gases are normally in a gaseous state. Flammable vapors present additional sampling concerns (for example, we must prevent vapors from returning to the liquid state during sampling). The 3 Elements of Fire Three elements must be present for a flammable ...

  • Basic Principle of Safety

    A basic principle of safety can be illustrated by the accident triangle. This principle states that for each accidental death that occurs, there are X instances of human injury, Y instances of property damage, and Z instances of what we will call Near Misses (in which the hazardous situation exists but an accident does not occur). Common examples of Near Miss behavior include smoking in bed, or ...

  • Classifying Hazardous Areas

    The IEC is composed of approximately 40 countries including the United States. The purpose of the IEC is to establish standards for a wide variety of electrical products with the intent of encouraging international trade. The IEC has assigned a technical committee, TC 31, to develop recommendations covering equipment, testing procedures and classification standards for areas where the potential ...

  • CO2 Gas Hazards in the Brewing Industry

    The hazards associated with CO2 in the brewing industry are well known, yet people still die needlessly every year in tragic and completely avoidable accidents in breweries. Just last year in Germany, which has a good safety record, two workers died in separate incidents at the same brewery. In the first incident, the owner was found dead with his head and torso in a beer mixing tank. It is ...

  • Fixed price contract versus incentive–based contract in the oil and gas industry

    The research question of this paper is to analyse when an operator and a service provider prefer a fixed price contract, common in the oil and gas industry, versus the uncommon incentive–based contract. The contracts are modelled with 20 parameters and one free choice variable which is the time to complete the project determined by the service provider. The method is to determine the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Fixed multi-parameter gas detection system can ensure industrial facilities are safe from hazardous or toxic gases

    Industrial workplaces are likely to come across one or more hazardous or toxic gases. Combustible gases such as methane are highly dangerous because they can cause large and fatal explosions when ignited. Other problem areas when working in industry are carbon monoxide (which poisons the cardiovascular system), oxygen deficiency, and elevated levels of other gases and pollutants, depending and ...


    By PPM Technology

  • Prioritising sources of risk at liquefied natural gas storage terminals in Mexico

    Liquefied natural gas (LNG) operations and facilities are growing in scale and number in developed and developing countries. The associated hazards to human health and safety and the environment are being addressed systematically. This paper discusses and refines existing methods to perform identification, screening, and prioritisation for a variety of sources of risk in LNG processes. The steps ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Not All Hazards are the Same: Design considerations for matching flame and gas hazards to detector technologies

    Not all flame and gas hazards in facilities are the same, therefore the detection technology chosen should be specific to the type of hazard to be detected. How do users select technologies to see certain fires or detect certain gases? The intent of this paper is to give a broad introduction to the selection and use of flame and gas detector technologies. We will answer questions such as these: ...

  • MIOX offers another sanitizing alternative

    It was with great interest that I read your article titled “Drinking It In”(February 2007). The story specifically mentions filtrations and UV as two examples of water technologies used in the aquatics business. I would like to bring to your readers’ attention another promising technology that got its start in the municipal water market. Chlorine-based mixed oxidants originally were developed for ...


    By MIOX Corporation

  • Gas-to-energy plant; production of electricity with landfill gas

    Type      Degassing installation HOFGAS®- Ready 600 Commissioning      January 2002 Site      Landfill of Bovenfeld (NL) Situation The 9ha large landfill site Bovenfeld is located 150km northeast of Amsterdam. The resulting landfill gas has to be cleaned, in accordance with the local legislation. A degassing ...


    By Hofstetter BV

  • Safe disposal of exhaust gas from storage tanks in Finland

    Type     HOFGAS®--IPM 6500 and 4 xHOFGAS®- IFM4c 15000 Performance     Blower station 6,500 Nm³/h - Flare burner 4x1,650 Nm³/h / 4x15,000 kW Client     Neste Jacobs Oy (FI) Situation Every fortnight a tanker delivers oil from Russia to Finland. The tanker docks at the port of Naantali and the oil is conveyed to storage ...


    By Hofstetter BV

  • Maesteg Row, South Wales case study - A former gas works proves larger than originally thought

    An old gas company sold land to Maesteg Rural District Council for social housing in the 1970s. Although the land had been sold, improved historic data has indicated the gasworks site was much larger than originally thought – and nearer to residential housing. British Gas inherited the site, and as part of maintenance programme undertook ‘stabilisation work’ – investigating potential pollutants ...


    By Landmark Information Group

  • Chemical Storage Practices

    ScienceLab offers a full line of Chemical Storage Practices, Laboratory Equipment and Chemicals for any application from clinical to research. We also carry a wide range Educational Products, pH meters, microscopes, thermometers and digital scales. Look around you in the laboratory. Take note of the system used to store the chemicals and the conditions and environment they are stored in. More ...


    By US Chemical Storage

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