Environmental Instruments Articles

  • Combining economic policy instruments with desalinisation to reduce overdraft in the Spanish Alto Guadalentín aquifer

    This paper analyses the cost-effectiveness of combining several economic policy instruments to address the problem of non-renewable pumping in the Alto Guadalentín aquifer in southeastern Spain, one of the most extreme cases of aquifer depletion in Europe. Our results show that all instruments have significant economic impacts. However, the future availability of desalinisation would notably ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Field Performance Testing for Pipeline Pumps

    Significant energy savings can be achieved by optimizing pump operating efficiency. Measuring the exact pump performance with crude oil under realistic conditions in the field is the first step towards improving the pump efficiency in the future. About 20 billion barrels of crude oil were transported through pipelines in 2015. Around the world, there are over one million kilometers of ...


    By Sulzer Management Ltd

  • Understanding Geographical Instrumentation

    Geographical instrumentation is one of the much heard terms especially in the field of building. Anywhere, where construction is carried out then services rendered for site examination plays an important role. It helps in identifying possible risks and also effectiveness present within the current site or structure.  Designing of the Site The basic step which is carried out ...


    By Soldata Limited

  • Perform Energy Audits Using Ultrasonic Flow Technology

    With the rising cost of energy and escalating environmental concerns, the need for accuracy in energy consumption measurement has never been more critical. According to the US Department of Energy, the average industrial plant spends about 30% of their operating budget on energy. With so much tied up in energy costs, how do facility managers ensure their processes are running efficiently with ...


    By Raeco Rents

  • Measurement Uncertainty in Environmental Noise Measurement

    Any measurement is meaningless without an uncertainty or tolerance associated with it. All measured numbers contain errors, and as such have an associated uncertainty. Disturbing as it is to an engineer, it is actually not possible to measure anything exactly. One definition of uncertainty is “A parameter, associated with the result of a measurement that characterizes the dispersion of the ...

  • Nuclear waste storage and environmental intergenerational externalities

    This article analyses the long–term consequences of nuclear waste storage within a general equilibrium framework. The objective is to determine the conditions for which the storage of waste, and thus the transfer of externalities towards the future, can be optimal. These conditions could explain the implementation of intergenerational externalities, justifying an intertemporal Not in My Back Yard ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Nuclear terrorism and environmental protection under international law

    To counter nuclear and radiological terrorism and prevent the adverse economic, social and environmental consequences of such illicit acts perpetrated by non–state actors, the international community has established a comprehensive legal framework comprising soft law and legally binding instruments. This paper collates the international legal instruments relating to nuclear security and discusses ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Post-growth policy instruments

    This paper proposes a framework to evaluate post-growth policy instruments which gauges their capacity to lessen the pressure for growth emanating from the labour market and the state’s contradictory legitimisation and accumulation imperatives, whilst increasing societal well-being and reducing the biophysical throughput of the economy. It is argued that the most effective policies to do this ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Public–private partnerships in the ecotourism sector: a Portuguese case study

    This study aims to analyse the impact of public–private partnerships (PPPs) in the ecotourism sector. The main research objectives are to identify motives, critical success factors and obstacles for partnerships between the public and private sectors in ecotourism and to assess the benefits of such arrangements. Thus, a case study approach, with an ecotourism partnership in Portugal as its ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Free basic water – a sustainable instrument for a sustainable future in South Africa

    The South African government’s policy decision in 2001 to provide a basic amount of water free of charge to all citizens has been controversial. Traditional policy advice was that all water should be paid for, even if some costs were subsidized. A review of the implementation of the new policy suggests that the flexible approach adopted ensured wide applicability, although it has been ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Gill Instruments case study featured in AWE International

    AWE International magazine, which is focused on the environmental analysis industry, recently featured Gill Instruments in a case study about environmental monitoring with solid-state meteorological instruments. The case study includes information about all of the products within the Gill Instruments range, with information about their advantages within the environmental analysis field. We have ...


    By Gill Instruments Limited

  • Environmental tax reform in Europe: opportunities for eco-innovation

    Environmental taxation, innovation and the green economy 'Environmental taxation can spur innovation.' This simple, compelling message was a central finding of a recent OECD study of taxation, innovation and the environment (OECD, 2010). It is an insight of profound importance. Environmental policy instruments are frequently characterised as obstacles to economic activity ...

  • Analysis of low levels of metals in drinking water with a scanning array ICP emission spectrometer and ultrasonic nebulization

    Drinking water is an important factor in exposure to environmental contaminants and is used in preparing foods and beverages for human consumption. Therefore, great care is used to verify that it is free of or contains acceptable limits of toxic substances. With respect to heavy metals and other toxicologically relevant elements, atomic spectrometric techniques are frequently used to determine ...


    By PerkinElmer, Inc.

  • Reliable categories of environmental policies

    This paper synthesises and tests a categorisation of environmental policies. The literature review presented reveals that a number of different typologies have been used in the past, creating the potential for conceptual confusion. Based on the review and unstructured interviews with steel industry experts, we propose a three-category typology. A 41-item instrument was created to test the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The Transformation of International Environmental Law

    Keywords: International environmental law, environmental law, global challenges, harmoni-sation and common interests 2012 is the fortieth anniversary of the Stockholm Conference on the Human Environ-ment, a seminal event which marked the first time that the international community had addressed the environment as an international issue in a serious way. Back in 1972, the Conference called ...


  • Impact of selected economic instruments on sustainable technological innovations on the case of Poland

    This paper presents research results concerning relations between selected economic instruments and sustainable innovations. The following measures of innovativeness were used: (1) organisations' financial outlays on RD activities in the field of environmental protection and (2) a number of implemented and commissioned ecological technological innovations. In the light of obtained results, it was ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Policy instruments for reducing greenhouse gas emissions from transport in Europe

    Transport is one sector of the European economy in which CO2 emissions are still growing, both because transport demand as a whole is growing and because the most carbon intensive modes – air and road transport – are growing fastest. The experience of Britain in the last decade shows that these trends can be slowed or reversed, although Britain's success is only partly the result of deliberate ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Case Note: Public Rights of Way and Level Playing Fields

    Keywords: Common Agricultural Policy, cross-compliance, good agricultural and environmental condition, devolution, discrimination INTRODUCTION Over recent years subsidiarity has become entrenched as a guiding principle which underpins both the formulation and implementation of European Union law. Not least it is enshrined in the Treaty framework; and whereas, ...


  • Economic instruments, transport and the global environment

    The use of economic instruments, such as charges, in abating climate change is assessed, with special reference to their application in the transport sector. The general strategies and instruments for global environmental policies are presented. The role of economic instruments in this context is highlighted, both in terms of theory and of application. Economic instruments are then analysed from ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A spatial approach to mapping corporate environmental behaviour

    Drawing on the findings of an ongoing major empirical study of UK corporate attitude, this paper presents an exploratory analysis designed to provide an analytical instrument that will enable the identification of influences acting on companies in this field. The model is therefore intended to be more than an audit tool. Key influences are identified as falling into three distinct categories: ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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