Gas Dilution Sampling Articles

  • Managing Odour Sample Degradation through On-Site Olfactometery and Proper Sample Transportation and Storage

    Degradation is inherent part of odour sampling and olfactometery analysis. There are many techniques that can be deployed in order to minimize sample degradation, such as nitrogen-based pre-dilution and sealed transportation vessels. Despite the best efforts to keep the volatilization at bay - sample degradation has forced European and American standards to implement a thirty (30) hour expiration ...

  • US EPA airmOzone TESTS

    The US EPA leads Photochemical Assessment Monitoring Stations programs (PAMS) for more than 15 years and many equipments used at PAMS sites are old and need to be replaced. That is why US EPA has conducted a material review of fully automatic GC units able to by analyze the 56 VOC ozone precursors of the PAMS list. They planned to perform an evaluation in two steps : - Laboratory evaluation of ...


    By Chromatotec Group

  • Deposition flux of aerosol particles and 15 PAHs in the North China Plain

    Deposition fluxes of aerosol particles and 15 PAHs associated with the particles in the North China Plain were examined. The annual mean deposition fluxes of aerosol particles and 15 PAHs were 0.69 ± 0.46 g/(m2 · d) and 8.5 ± 6.2 μg/(m2 · d), respectively. Phenanthrene, fluoranthene, pyrene, chrysene, benzo[b]fluoranthene and benzo[k]fluoranthene were dominant PAHs bound to deposited aerosol ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Evaluating Leaks in a Soil Gas Sampling Train

    ABSTRACT The current advisory for active soil gas investigations in California requires leak tests to be conducted at eveiy soil gas probe while taking a sample. A leak may allow ambient ak into the sample train thus diluting the soil gas and underestimating the results. Also, the leak check compound itself may have impurities thereby contaminating the sample. The advisoiy suggests leak ...


    By Eurofins Air Toxics Inc

  • EPA - China case study

    The first online air quality monitoring network for a 27 km2 industrial area The monitored area Situated south of Shanghai, in Zhejiang province Heavily industrialized area Main activity: fine chemicals 10 plants under surveillance, under the authority of the Chinese governmental agency for environmental protection (EPA) ...


    By Alpha MOS Environment

  • In-situ continuous emissions monitoring & regulatory compliance

    As environmental scrutiny has risen and regulation has tightened in recent years, the importance of having accurate information on the environmental performance of your power plant has increased. After all, if you want to manage something, you need to be able to measure it. The analogy is obvious; you wouldn't start a diet without first investing in a set of scales. So it is with Continuous ...

  • Komax teflon lined mixer simplifies acid injection for power plant

    A major source of waste water in many power plants is the waste stream that results from ion exchange used for demineralizing the boiler feed water. The alkaline regeneration waste stream produced by the ion exchange process requires the addition of an acid to this stream before discharge from the plant. Regulatory authorities typically require the effluent to have a near neutral pH before ...


    By Komax Systems, Inc.

  • Effects of trees on the dilution of vehicle exhaust emissions in urban street canyons

    In order to investigate the natural ventilation and air quality of urban street canyons with trees, boundary layer wind tunnel studies at a small-scale model have been performed. Concentrations in street canyons with a tracer gas emitting line source at the ground level and one row of trees arranged along the canyon centre have been measured for several equidistant tree spacings. In the case of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Time-resolved ammonia measurement in vehicle exhaust

    The objective of this study was to identify the influence of sampling and analytical approach on the quality of NH3 emission data of a gasoline-fuelled three-way catalyst vehicle. NH3 concentration measurements have been performed in the tailpipe and in the diluted exhaust after a constant volume sampling (CVS) system during five different test cycles. Chemical ionisation mass spectrometry ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Minimizing Operating Costs in VOC Abatement Equipment

    Untitled Document As governmental regulations of environmental emissions become more restrictive, the average concentration of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC's) has decreased as more ...

  • Sinking Costs

    Today there is more pressure than ever for businesses to minimize costs and increase productivity. Companies are always looking for ways to reduce overall costs. Unfortunately, these efforts are often hampered when a company is faced with an environmental investigation. Regulatory agency requirements, such as determining the full horizontal and vertical extent of contamination in soil and/or ...


  • The NILU tracer gas technique

    A tracer gas technique has been developed by the Norwegian Institute for Air Research (NILU) to study emission rates, dilution and diffusion of gases. The technique has been applied in several countries to quantify diffuse VOC leakages from refineries, petrochemical plants and oil production platforms.  The tracer gas techniqueThe dual tracer gas system developed by NILU has been applied in ...

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