Gas Meters Articles

  • In the depths of the oceans, human activities are beginning to take their toll

    Once seen as too remote to harm, the deep sea is facing new pressures from mining, pollution, overfishing and more. Imagine sinking into the deepest parts of the Central Pacific Ocean, somewhere between Mexico and Hawaii. Watch as the water turns from clear to blue to dark blue to black. And then continue on for another 15,000 feet (4,600 meters) to the seafloor — roughly the ...


    By Ensia

  • Tech Note: Flare Gas Measurement Innovation; Retain Flow Metering Accuracy Even if Gas Composition Changes

    It’s a fact oil wells almost always produce natural gas along with the petroleum. Nine times out of ten, the excess gas (typically hydrocarbons) is flared off or simply vented as-is during upset conditions in the process. The environmental impacts of “flaring” this excess gas into our atmosphere has resulted in government regulations like 40 CFR Part 60 Subpart OOOO (also ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • US LNG: A new era in the European economy

    Recent news from the gas market make it clear that the US starts its new energy policy with LNG. In April, the US Cheniere Energy for the first time delivered nearly 100,000 tons of LNG on a tanker to Portugal. It’s clear that the first cargo serves to test the route to Europe, but it’s obvious that this is already the beginning of a new era in the European economy of oil and gas, ...

  • Sizing and Selecting the Proper Metering Pump: Part 1 of 2

    A typical agriculture or process application can consume large amounts of chemicals during daily operations. While the volumes may be large, though, they must also be very precise, with exact amounts delivered according to strict injection schedules. The pressures—from very high to very low—that the chemicals are injected at must also be governed precisely. This demand for ...


    By Modern Pumping Today

  • Case study -New media makes RTO natural gas usage a rarity!

    Overview Tekra Corporation has always had an eye on their energy conservation. They are a custom coater of plastic films in Wisconsin where state regulations require over 98% of the Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) emitted from their process be destroyed in an oxidizer system. While considering their first oxidizer system, Tekra's Engineers did their homework and invested in an early ...

  • Continuous blender increases production, diminishes heat buildup

    CJB Industries, Valdosta, Ga., custom-formulates, processes, and packages chemicals and provides research, development, and engineering services. CJB's newest production line is for a high-loading solid that combines 50 percent liquid acid with 50 percent dry clay product, resulting in an 8- to 16-mesh dry corrosive granular material that resembles kitty litter. The customer for this material ...

  • Continuous measurement of Process oxygen for Claus sulfur recovery unit (sru) start-ups and shut-downs case study

    During start-up and shut-down, any time a sulfur recovery unit (SRU) transitions from ambient temperature through fuel gas warm up to the introduction of acid gas, measurement of 02 stoichiometry is critical. Historically, operators have manually taken samples using a portable electrochemical type Os analyzer. While giving more or less satisfactory results, the requirement for more stringent ...

  • Coal Bed Methane - A Global Market Scenario

    Coal Bed Methane (CBM) is a type of natural gas that is commonly extracted from coal beds located at depths between 300 to 1000 metres. This gas is an odorless, colorless mixture of a variety of gases, but with major share of methane – even upto 95% in many cases.  Browse: Coal Bed Methane ...


  • Gas Mass Flow Metering - Innovations Promise More Economical Choices- White Paper

    Introduction As the drive towards energy independence in the United States continues at full speed, oil and gas companies are turning to hydraulic fracturing to increase production. Increasingly stringent state and national regulations for flare gas in particular now require the installation of mass flow measurement instruments to measure waste and excess gases burned off as a result ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Comparing TGA, FTIR and fixed filter infrared analyzers for measuring soot levels in in-service lubricants

    Measuring soot in diesel engine oil has become more important as soot levels get higher due to exhaust gas recirculation. As soot isone of the key indicators for the condition of the oil, diesel engine maintenance programs performing regular soot checks can realize cost savings by extending drain periods and reducing used oil disposal. TGA (Thermal Gravimetric Analysis) is the traditional method ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Wastewater Treatment Plant Monitors Greenhouse Gas Emissions

    Globally, little attention is paid to gaseous emissions from wastewater treatment processes. This contrasts greatly with the regulatory monitoring that is applied to the quality of water emissions from such facilities. However, in Helsinki, Finland, a large municipal wastewater treatment facility continuously monitors its emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) to help in the city’s efforts to ...


    By Gasmet Technologies Oy

  • Lessons from the C40 Mayors Summit: Scaling Up Solutions for Resilient, Livable Cities

    More than 70 percent of the world’s population will live in cities by 2050. So cities represent the single-greatest opportunity for targeted, meaningful actions that create impact on the ground, improve the quality of life for billions of people, and reduce the risks of climate change. This ...

  • Expert assessment: Sea-level rise could exceed one meter in this century

    Sea-level rise in this century is likely to be 70-120 centimeters by 2100 if greenhouse-gas emissions are not mitigated, a broad assessment of the most active scientific publishers on that topic has revealed. The 90 experts participating in the survey anticipate a median sea-level rise of 200-300 centimeters by the year 2300 for a scenario with unmitigated emissions. In contrast, for a scenario ...

  • The POROLUX “calculated” First Bubble Point detection mode application note

    The POROLUX 1000 is a research grade capillary flow porometer with very pressure and flow control and accuracy. In the POROLUX 1000 a porous sample is inserted, wetted with a so-called wetting liquid. The sample is usually a flat round disk, three different diameters are standard: 13, 25 and 47 mm. Custom made sample holders are optional. The wetting liquid is a liquid which fills up all pores of ...


  • A CFD study of the effect of venturi geometry on high pressure wet gas metering

    Venturi meter is increasingly being preferred as wet gas flow meter because of its simple construction and ease of operation. It has been found that the performance of venturi in single phase gas is very different from that of water. In this work, with a view to optimise the design, the effects of diameter, diameter ratio and convergent angle on the performance of a venturi meter for wet gas ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • IRGAS XFlo: process gas FTIR system for flange mounted applications

    Introduction When doing process tool or exhaust abatement tool installations, it is desirable to monitor the exhaust gases as a means of controlling or setting up the tool 1, 2. FTIR, with its rapid analysis speed, high sensitivity, and ease of use, offers one means of monitoring such systems at the time of installation and during the working life of the tool. Often, these applications ...


    By CIC Photonics, Inc.

  • Continuous monitoring of moisture present inside a process chamber

    Problem Statement Moisture inside a process chamber is a big silent killer during wafer production. When production yield goes down, it is hard to pinpoint the source of the problem. Most of the time wafers need to be sent to labs for analysis, while production is stopped. If the problem is related to a high level of moisture inside the reactor, there are several factors that can cause ...


    By CIC Photonics, Inc.

  • Measurement of moisture in HBr

    Introduction Moisture in corrosive gases will accelerate the rate of metal corrosion in gas supply systems which, in turn, can lead to their premature failure. For this reason, it is important to monitor moisture levels in these gases. FTIR is an effective way to monitor for moisture in these corrosive gases. In order to determine low levels of moisture in corrosive gases, it is ...


    By CIC Photonics, Inc.

  • The Drumbeat on infrared thermal imaging

    Drumbeat Energy regards infrared (thermal) imaging as an amazingly useful tool in the quest for greater energy efficiency. It has the ability to define non-invasively and with uncanny speed and accuracy where heat is leaking from a building. Never was the expression “A picture paints a thousand words” ...


    By Drumbeat Energy Limited

  • Using Open Path TDLAS CO2 Sensors for Carbon Capture and Storage Projects

    Public confidence in CCS projects worldwide is not very high. Many believe that CCS is not permanent storage, and at great expense to govermnents who are funding these projects. Effective monitoring and verification programs could go a long way to improve public perception.  Our Spectra-1 open path TDLAS gas sensor has shown very high accuracy in monitoring ambient CO2 levels. Better than ...


    By PKL Technologies Inc.

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