Oxygen Monitoring Articles

  • What is Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD)?

    Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) analysis is a measurement of the oxygen-depletion capacity of a water sample contaminated with organic waste matter. Specifically, it measures the equivalent amount of oxygen required to chemically oxidize organic compounds in water. Why Measure COD? COD is used as a general indicator of water quality and is an integral part of all water quality ...


    By MANTECH

  • Characterization of pit latrines to support the design and selection of emptying tools in peri-urban Mzuzu, Malawi

    The urban areas of many low-income countries must balance a rising demand for pit latrines for household sanitation provision against limitations in space, resulting in a need for pit latrine emptying services. This study was undertaken in the peri-urban neighborhood of Area 1B in the city of Mzuzu, Malawi, to examine the characteristics of household pit latrines for designing and selecting ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Technical and safety practices

    Safety is absolutely paramount in the medical industry, with lives literally at stake if something were o go wrong. Regrettably, this was more than reinforced recently following the tragic news of a death of a newborn at a hospital in Sydney, Australia, after it was mistakenly administered nitrous oxide (N2O) instead of oxygen (O2) in July this ...


    By Geotech

  • Neon Gas and Where it is Used - PureAire Oxygen Deficiency Monitors for Safety and Why a Monitor May be Required?

    Neon gas has a range of uses in industry, including in the popular business signs advertising stores as open. Explore some of the less well-known ways to use neon and learn how use of the gas may require installation of an oxygen deficiency monitor to protect worker safety.   Uses for Neon Gas Neon gas can be filtered from helium using ...

  • DAF Retrofitting with GEM LSGM Technology - Case Study

    Introduction Clean Water Technology, Inc. (CWT) is the creator of the Gas Energy Mixing (GEM) System - the most advanced primary treatment system on the market. As an alternative to replacing existing Dissolved Air Flotation (DAF), CWT introduces “DAF RETROFITS” utilizing innovative GEM Technology to provide superior reduction of total suspended solids (TSS), biological and ...


    By Clean Water Technology, Inc.

  • Case study - Pure oxygen injection into a pipeline. Hagerstown, Maryland

    The Problem: In 2010, the Hagerstown Wastewater Treatment Plant in Maryland incorporated several plant modifications, one of which was the conversion of their disinfection process from the use of ozone to that of ultraviolet (UV). In their previous system, due to the ozone being produced by an oxygen-fed ozone generator, the dissolved oxygen (DO) levels of the effluent being discharged into a ...

  • Nitrogen Demand Increases for Semiconductor: How Safe Are You?

    As users demand ever-smaller smartphones and better televisions, semiconductor manufacturing plants are tasked with developing new products faster and using new materials. Key to the continued success of the semiconductor industry are inert gases, which include nitrogen and argon. When used safely, both nitrogen and argon play a number of important roles within the semiconductor ...

  • Tunnel Freezing and Flash Freezing Food with Nitrogen: Oxygen Monitors and Why They May Required

    New developments in cryogenic freezing are transforming the frozen food industry by making it easier to freeze all sorts of items quickly while retaining the highest nutritional value. Cryogenic and tunnel freezers are easy to use, yet they pose a hidden health risk. Learn why you may need an O2 monitor if your frozen food manufacturing facility relies on cryogenic freezers. How Cryogenic ...

  • Tech Tip: Deploying Sea-Bird CTD in Ice

    Large numbers of Sea-Bird conductivity instruments have been used in Arctic and Antarctic programs. Special accommodation to keep temperature, conductivity, oxygen, and optical sensors at or above 0° C is advised. Often, the CTD is brought inside protective doors between casts to achieve this. Conductivity Cell When freezing is possible, we ...

  • Product of the Month – Handy Polaris 2 Portable Dissolved Oxygen Meter with Datalogger

    This month the focus is on the Handy Polaris 2 Portable Dissolved Oxygen Meter with Datalogger. Over the summer months we have seen increased interest in the instrument. Warmer temperatures can affect the chemistry, biological processes and dissolved oxygen levels in water, making the Handy Polaris 2 a popular ...


    By Partech (Electronics) Ltd.

  • A Nitrogen Culinary Experience and How to Remain Safe with Use of Oxygen Monitors

    As modernist cuisine has become more popular, restaurant and home chefs alike are turning to liquid nitrogen to create spheres, gels, foams, and even ice cream. While liquid nitrogen can be safely used in a range of culinary applications, there are important safety risks to be aware of when working with this substance.  The Hidden Dangers of Liquid Nitrogen in the ...

  • A new device to select carriers for biomass immobilization and application in an aerobic/anaerobic fixed-bed sequencing batch biofilm reactor for nitrogen removal

    This study proposes a new approach to selecting a biofilm carrier for immobilization using dissolved oxygen (DO) microsensors to measure the thickness of aerobic and anaerobic layers in biofilm. The biofilm carriers tested were polyurethane foam, mineral coal (MC), basaltic gravel, and low-density polyethylene. Development of layers in the biofilm carrier surface was evaluated using a flow ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • PeCOD® Pulp and Paper Applications - Case Study

    The pulp and paper industry utilizes wood as raw material to produce pulp, paper, card board, and other cellulose based products. Pulp and paper mills produce large volumes of wastewater and residual sludge which presents a number of challenges with regards to treatment and discharge. Contaminants in pulp and paper waste streams often include effluent solids, sediments, absorbable organic halides ...


    By MANTECH

  • Use of Oxygen Monitors for Nitrogen, Argon, or Cryogenics and Where They Are installed

    An oxygen deficiency monitor or O2 monitor is found in many settings where colorless, odorless gases -- including nitrogen, argon, CO2, and cryogenic gases -- are used. Always monitoring, the oxygen detector can tell when gas levels rise above those deemed safe, and let off a timely alarm. Learn which settings commonly use ...

  • Utilization rates, water demand and wastewater characteristics of a shared sanitation facility in North Namibia

    Shared sanitation facilities are often the only feasible option for sanitation provision in informal settlements. When implementing infrastructure for wastewater collection and treatment, information regarding quantities and constituent loadings is required. Up to now, such data are not available for shared sanitation. In order to provide this information, this study focuses on wastewater ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Dissolved oxygen’s effect on ecosystems

    Dissolved oxygen (DO) is a measure of the amount of oxygen dissolved in water. It can be caused by a process of aeration of water flowing through rapids or falls, a byproduct of photosynthesis and the atmosphere. Monitoring DO levels in water may be more important than you think. From dead fish washing up on the shores of Singapore, to historically low levels of brown shrimp, DO is having an ...


    By AQUAREAD Limited

  • Detailed characterisation of essential oils by flow-modulated GC×GC and Tandem Ionisation mass spectrometry

    Volatile oils of plants, also known as essential oils, have been used for many years for their flavour, fragrance and medicinal properties. However, their extreme complexity and diversity presents analysts with a significant challenge when it comes to quality control. They are generally composed of monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes, as well as their oxygenated derivatives, such as aliphatic ...


    By SepSolve Analytical

  • Analysis of PeCOD Technology and Comparison to Dichromate Method

    Abstract The main objective of this report was to determine if a correlation exists between peCOD technology and the dichromate method of estimating Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD). Additional investigations described in this report were: to identify whether particle size in water samples affects the estimate of COD obtained by peCOD analysis and, to identify whether peCOD analysis is ...


    By MANTECH

  • BLOOM – Real-Time Monitoring Brief - Case Study

    PeCOD® is a patented technology that can determine COD by measuring photocurrent charges originating from oxidation of the organic contaminants present in a water sample. Three PeCOD® analyzer units were implemented at three different facilities, representative of key food and beverage sub-sectors–a winery, a bakery and a brewery–to undertake “real-time” ...


    By MANTECH

  • Air Separation Plants and the Use of Oxygen Monitors

    Air separation plants are critical for many different industries, from clean energy to manufacturing. Nowadays, cryogenic is the most common type of distillation used to separate air into its component gases - nitrogen, oxygen, and inert gases including helium and argon. If your industry relies on air separation for product development or manufacturing, then knowing how the process works is ...

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