Utility Meters Articles

  • Understanding 4-20mA Communications

    Imagine this: You’ve got your meter with 4-20mA output setup. Confidently, you flip the switch, turning it on, and then it happens: the readings are off. You’re not getting the output you need. Frustrated, you tinker with it, and still nothing. Now, you’re out of your depth. You need to get this thing working so you can get your application up and running. What are you ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Smart Water Metering For Smart Cities

    One of a city’s most important pieces of critical infrastructure is its water system. With populations in cities growing, it is inevitable that water consumption will grow as well. The term “smart water” points to water and wastewater infrastructure management system. A smart water system is designed to gather meaningful and actionable data about the flow, pressure and ...

  • Adapting the IWA water balance to intermittent water supply and flat-rate tariffs without customer metering

    The International Water Association water balance is an approach applied worldwide for determining and analysing water losses in water distribution systems (WDS) up to the point of customer metering. Thus, water losses occurring ‘before’ a customer meter are at the expenses of the water utility while water lost or wasted ‘after’ the meter is paid for by the customer. This applies to systems ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Investigating unaccounted for water and its components in Zomba City water supply system, Malawi

    This study assessed Unaccounted for Water (UFW) in Zomba City, Malawi in 2009 and quantified its real and apparent loss components. The study was carried out in the period January–May 2009 and focussed on three selected water supply zones (Airwing, Malonje and Sadzi) especially for determination of the components of non-revenue water (NRW). Field measurements of flow and utility records formed ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • U.S. utilities increasing water reuse investment

    Decreased technology costs are prompting more municipal water utilities in the United States to invest in new water reuse infrastructure. In fact, a new forecast projects more than $18 billion in water reuse and desalination projects are on tap in 17 states, according to Bluefield Research analysts. Although water scarcity is a conventional driver for this type of project, the analysts say the ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • How the City of Tavares, FL utilizes a Vacuum Excavator - Case Study

    The City Director came to Phillip Clark, Water Supervisor for Tavares, FL – America’s Seaplane City, with details of a surplus in the budget. “What can we add to our fleet to work smarter and not harder? What out there in the industry is new and innovative?” He asked. Mr. Clark is constantly researching and reading about what is innovative and groundbreaking. He says that ...


    By Vac-Tron Equipment

  • Advantages of Using Flow Meters to Reduce Pressure Drop

    Plant operators rely on plant air pressures to maintain properly working equipment and systems. One of the most common problems affecting processing plants that utilize compressed air systems is the ability to maintain reliable air pressure throughout the distribution system. Insufficient air pressures may be due to undersized distribution piping, but it’s more commonly found that the cause ...


    By FLO-CORP

  • Advancing household water-use feedback to inform customer behaviour for sustainable urban water

    Sustainable water management is increasingly essential in an age characterised by rapid population growth, urban and industrial development and climate change. Opportunities to promote conservation and water-use efficiencies remain attractive in directly reducing water demand. Smart water metering and the provision of detailed water-use feedback to consumers present exciting new opportunities ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The impact of reforming municipal water tariff on water rationing and consumer welfare in Saudi Arabia

    The objectives of this study were to estimate an aggregate price elasticity of demand for municipal water in Saudi Arabia, and to analyze the welfare impact of raising the municipal water tariff. The study utilized available aggregated data (Ministry of Water and Electricity, 1999–2008), and regression techniques to specify water demand functions within the frame of the increasing block tariff ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Abha water utility comes out on top with automated control valves

    Abha is a small modern city in the fertile mountains of southwestern SAUDI ARABIA. Its cool summers make it a popular destination for tourists, but in general the population hovers around 250,000. The city has a new reservoir on top of a hill that releases water through 6 km of piping down to its main Noaman reservoir. The top tank is 100 meters higher than the lower tank. This makes for a great ...


    By Singer Valve Inc.

  • Signs of optimism for a smarter future

    There are grounds for growing optimism around the opportunities for smart, data-driven technologies in the water sector, given the views of Amir Cahn, Director of Research and Business Development with SWAN, the Smart Water Networks Forum. He puts the proportion of water utilities who are moving forward with such technologies at only 5-10%, but he points also to the growing number of strong case ...


    By Aquatech Global Events

  • Case study - Spindle direct labor & utilities module

    Business Situation Employee production numbers were being manually collected by supervisors. Data was often incomplete, inaccurate, and not available until one to two days later. In addition, the process took a lot of time to collect and compile and was often challenged by employees as influenced by favoritism. Utilities were also collected manually using bills. ...


    By Dober Chemical Corp

  • Sakhalin energy utilizes Thermo Scientific SampleManager LIMS for largest Russian LNG project ever - case study

    Sakhalin Energy is bringing onstream one of the largest integrated oil and gas projects in the world in Russia's Far East. The Sakhalin II Project combines partnership incorporating the recovery, production and transportation of oil and liquefied natural gas (LNG). Sakhalin Energy standardized on Thermo Scientific SampleManager LIMS (Laboratory Information Management System) for use in its main ...

  • East Bay Municipal Utility District Successfully Manages Chloramine Residual in Ten Million Gallon Reservoir with the Process Solutions, Inc. Monoclor Chloramine Management System

    Located on the eastern side of the San Francisco Bay, the East Bay Municipal Utility District (EBMUD) treats and distributes water to over 1.3 million customers in Alameda and Contra Costa counties. As one of the largest utility districts in California, EBMUD is a leader in the water industry’s water quality, conservation and sustainability efforts. EBMUD chloraminates water prior to ...

  • Non-revenue water and cost recovery in urban India: the case of Bangalore

    This paper examines the issue of non-revenue water (NRW) in urban India, taking the city of Bangalore as a case study. Using empirical evidence from a survey conducted among 601 low-income households in Bangalore, we investigate the major sources of NRW for water utilities and propose policy recommendations based on the analysis. Our key finding is that public stand posts and public wells, which ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Consumption estimation with a partial automatic meter reading deployment

    Automatic water meter reading (AMR) is now the best kind of technology to supply real time information on water consumption. Complete equipment of a district metered area enables the assessment of the total consumption of a finite size population, for a time scale sometimes as short as an hour. However, its cost for generalization can generate high capital expenditures (CAPEX), unaffordable for ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Non-Revenue Water – A Growing Issue for Water Utilities

    Each day, billions of gallons of water are lost worldwide to various factors, including leaks, water main failures, theft and metering inaccuracies. Not only does this represent the waste of a precious resource that many people do not have reliable access to, it also represents a massive amount of lost revenue for the utilities that provide water services. In developed nations, ...


    By Pure Technologies

  • Smart utilities and sustainable resource management

    With the increased availability of inexpensive micro-sensor technologies, everything is becoming “sensor-tagged”. Energy and water utilities are benefiting from this “sensorization” of our infrastructure and the associated smart technology advancements. These progressive utilities are employing innovative, real-time monitoring and control applications with high volume and ...


    By GLOBE SERIES

  • Water-conservation policies in perspective: insights from a Q-method study in Salta, Argentina

    Narratives and discourses on issues such as water management and other complex social–ecological systems respond partly to people's worldviews or social perspectives. Knowledge of these perspectives might help increase the rate of success of specific initiatives related to water conservation and could be an important tool to improve water governance. A study performed in the city ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Smart metering use cases to increase water and energy efficiency in water supply systems

    Efficient water and energy use in water distribution systems is being limited by the lack of sufficient data about water and related energy consumption. Therefore, it is crucial to provide updated and continuous feedback information to water users. This paper describes relevant use cases to improve efficient water use and related energy consumption by water utilities and consumers through the ...


    By IWA Publishing

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